Transcriptome analysis of self-renewing human pancreatic progenitors derived from pluripotent stem cells
ABSTRACT: Human pluripotent stem cells were differentiated into PDX1+/NKX6-1+ Pancreatic Progenitors (PPd15 cells), which were subsequently captured and expanded in culture. These culture Pancreatic Progenitors (cPP cells) were capable of self-renewal and could be passaged up to 20 times. Furthermore, cPP cells were capable of differentiation into multiple pancreatic lineages, including c-peptide+ beta-like cells, both in vitro and in vivo.
Project description:Active regulatory regions in the human embryonic pancreatic progenitors were profiled by integration of transcription factor and histone modification ChIP-seq datasets. These were obtained from pancreatic progenitor cells derived in vitro from human embryonic stem cells. The purpose of this work was to study the epigenomic mechanisms involved in pancreas development.
Project description:A simple method is presented to reset human pluripotent cells to a naive state via transient histone deacetylase inhibition and maintenance in chemically-defined naive stem cell culture media. Cells can be reset without transgenes and expanded continuously either on feeders or alternative substrates in feeder-free conditions. Multiple cell lines of varying origin were reset and characterised in parallel with conventionally cultured counterparts.
Project description:Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells undergo epithelial mesenchymal transdifferentiation (EMT) in adaption to environmental cues, including inflammation, a process that combines tumour cell dedifferentiation with dissemination and acquisition of stemness features. However, the mechanisms coupling inflammation-induced signalling pathways with EMT and stemness remain largely unknown. Here, we reveal the inflammation-induced transcription factor NFATc1 as a central regulator of pancreatic cancer cell plasticity.
Project description:Expression data from human induced pluripotent stem cells(iPSCs) and Human foreskin fibroblasts (HFFs) with treatment actinomycin D In order to estimate mRNA decay rates, HFF and iPS cells were treated with actinomycin D to inhibit transcription and total RNA was isolated from three replicates at 0, 15, 30, 60, 120 and 240 minutes.
Project description:Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) are congenital lesions of the neuroendocrine brain composed of neurons and astroglia. Frequently, HHs are associated with central precocious puberty (CPP) and/or gelastic seizures. Because HHs might express genes similar to those required for the initiation of normal puberty we used cDNA arrays to compare the gene expression profile of a HH associated with CPP with three HHs not accompanied by sexual precocity. Our aim was to identify genes whose expression may be selectively altered in the HH with CPP and hence, involved in the onset of puberty. Experiment Overall Design: Affymetrix arrays were used to detect global changes in gene expression. The results of this analysis were confirmed by semi-quantitative PCR.
Project description:Mephedrone (Meph) is a novel psychostimulant whose recreational consumption is often associated to other drugs, especially alcohol (EtOH). This kind of drug consumption during adolescence is a matter of concern. We studied, in adolescent CD-1 mice, whether low-moderate doses of EtOH could enhance the psychostimulant (locomotor acivity) and reinforcing (conditioned place preference, CPP) effects of mephedrone. Simultaneously we also determined the most relevant transcriptional changes associated to a reinforcing treatment. A single dose of Meph (10 mg/kg, sc) induced an increase of about 100% in locomotor activity, which was a further enhanced by 40% when associated with a dose of EtOH (1 g/kg). The hyperlocomotion was partially antagonized by ketanserin and haloperidol, but only haloperidol blocked the potentiation induced by EtOH. Furthermore, Meph (25 mg/kg) induced significant positive conditioning, which increased by 70% when administered with 0.75 mg/kg EtOH. Microarray analysis of mRNA extracted from anterior striata of the mice used in CPP experiments reported significant modifications in genes related with neurotransmission and synaptic plasticity, which were further validated by Real-time PCR for all three drug-treated groups. Four groups were compared in the study: adolescent Swiss CD-1 mice treated with saline, ethanol, mephedrone or mephedrone + ethanol during the conditioned place preference (CPP) ten-day procedure, aimed at evaluating reward. Twelve samples are provided, which correspond to triplicates of each treatment group. The samples provided were subsequently normalized and analyzed using the GeneSpring GX 7.3.1 software.
Project description:We performed 3' single-cell RNA-seq using the 10X Genomics Chromium (version 1 chemistry) system on ~19,000 undifferentiated human IPSCs to explore the cellular heterogeneity of a seemingly homogeneous cell population.
Project description:Drug-induced alterations in transcriptional regulation play a central role in establishing the persistent neuroplasticities that occur during drug addiction. Additionally, changes in gene expression associated with drug administration provide valuable insight into the molecular basis of drug abuse. The molecular mechanisms that underlie susceptibility to psychostimulant addiction remain unknown. Identifying the common gene transcriptional responses to psychostimulants can provide a mechanistic insight to elucidate the molecular nature of drug dependence. Male Wistar rats (4 weeks old) were acclimatized for a week to their housing conditions prior to experiments. Thereafter, they were divided into two groups: (cohort 1) 4 groups of rats (n=12 rats per group) given saline only (i.p., "drug-naive" rats); and (cohort 2): 3 groups of rats given either methamphetamine, amphetamine or methylphenidate (5 mg/kg,i.p., â€œdrug-pretreated") for 7 days (2x daily) prior to behavioral assays. Conditioned place preference (CPP) tests were conducted a day after the final drug administration. Rats which showed CPP were evaluated for self-administration of the psychostimulants. [Cohort 1] A day after the final self-administration test, brains of 2-3 rats from each subgroups (i.e. those which showed the most robust self-administration), as well as 5 rats from the control group were removed for microarray analysis. The striatum (rostral part of the caudate putamen and the nucleus accumbens [NAc]) and the prefrontal cortex were dissected and immediately frozen at -70°C. Total RNA was isolated and gene expression profiling was conducted on independent pools of total RNA from 2-5 animals per group. [Cohort 2] A day after the final self-administration test, brains of 3 rats from each subgroups (i.e. those which showed the most robust self-administration), as well as 3 rats from the control group were removed for microarray analysis. The striatum (rostral part of the caudate putamen and the nucleus accumbens [NAc]) and the prefrontal cortex were dissected and immediately frozen at -70°C. Total RNA was isolated and gene expression profiling was conducted on independent pools of total RNA from three animals per group.
Project description:Primary murine pancreatic cancer cells (referred to as NKC cells) derived from transgenic mice with pancreas-specific constitutive activation of NFATc1 and KrasG12D mutation in the presence or absence of NFATc1 expression were analyzed for target gene signatures.
Project description:Normal gene expression in pancreatic lymph nodes compared to inguinal or mesenteric lymph nodes across different strains of mice (BALB/c, FVB, NOD, NOD.B10). Lymph nodes were excised from 12 wk old female mice (5 mice per group), and total RNA was extracted for dual dye microarray analysis.