Transcriptomes and differential gene expression in the Arabidopsis shoot phloem companion cells during flowering
ABSTRACT: We investigated the transcriptomes and differential gene expression at the Arabidopsis shoot phloem companion cells during flowering using INTACT reporter lines. Samples were collected in three biological replications.
Project description:We investigated the chromatin modifications H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 in the A. thaliana shoot phloem companion cells using INTACT reporter lines. Samples were collected in two biological replications.
Project description:We investigated the transcriptomes and differential gene expression at the Arabidopsis shoot meristem during flowering using INTACT reporter lines. Samples were collected in four biological replications.
Project description:This sudy focuses on the identification of transcripts in the shoot phloem of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Transcripts expressed in the phloem tissue (parenchyma cell, companion cell, sieve element) were excised by laser microdissection pressure catapulting (LMPC). These were compared with transcripts isolated from leaf phloem exudates by EDTA-chelation technique. Optimization of sample harvest resulted in RNA of high quality from both sources. Modifications of the RNA amplification procedure obtained RNA of sufficient yield and quality for microarray experiments. Microarrays (Affymetrix, ATH1) hybridized with RNA derived from phloem tissue by LMPC or phloem sap allowed us to differentiate between phloem located and mobile transcript species. The datasets provide a search criterion for phloem-based signals and will facilitate reverse genetic studies and forward genetic screens for phloem and long distance RNA signaling mutants. Experiment Overall Design: Arabidopsis plants were cultivated under short day conditions (8 h light) until flowering. Phloem tissue was isolated by Lasermicrodissection and Pressure Catapulting (LMPC) and phloem exudate by EDTA-chelation technique. In both experiments poly-A-RNA was extracted and amplified before hybridization of microarrays (Affymetrix, ATH1). For both experiments three LMPC-derived phloem tissue (LMPC-derived phloem_1-3) and three phloem exudate samples (Phloem exudate_1-3) were analysed. Precise protocols of plant growth, sample harvest, RNA extraction and amplification are provided in Deeken et al., 2008.
Project description:In this experiment, we want to assess the effect of a lentiviral miR-10a and miR-335 overexpression on the transcriptome of murine LSK (Lin-,Sca-1+,c-Kit+) cells. Primary LSK cells were transduced with lentiviral miRNA overexpression constructs (control: GFP overexpression) and sorted for transduced cells (GFP+) after five days of in vitro culture (Flt-3, TPO, IL-3, SCF containing media).
Project description:T follicular helper cells (TFH) are critical for the development and maintenance of germinal centers (GC) and humoral immune responses. During chronic HIV/SIV infection TFH accumulate, possibly as a result of antigen persistence. The HIV/SIV-associated TFH expansion may also reflect lack of regulation by suppressive follicular regulatory CD4+ T-cells (TFR). TFR are natural regulatory T-cells (TREG) that migrate into the follicle and, similarly to TFH, up-regulate CXCR5, Bcl-6, and PD1. Here we identified TFR as CD4+CD25+FoxP3+CXCR5+PD1hiBcl-6+ within lymph nodes of rhesus macaques (RM) and confirmed their localization within the GC by immunohistochemistry. RNA sequencing showed that TFR exhibit a distinct transcriptional profile with shared features of both TFH and TREG, including intermediate expression of FoxP3, Bcl-6, PRDM1, IL-10, and IL-21. In healthy, SIV-uninfected RM, we observed a negative correlation between frequencies of TFR and both TFH and GC B-cells as well as levels of CD4+ T-cell proliferation. Following SIV infection, the TFR/TFH ratio was reduced with no change in the frequency of TREG or TFR within the total CD4+ T-cell pool. Finally, we examined whether higher levels of direct virus infection of TFR were responsible for their relative depletion post-SIV infection. We found that TFH, TFR and TREG sorted from SIV- infected RM harbor comparable levels of cell-associated viral DNA. Our data suggests that TFR may contribute to the regulation and proliferation of TFH and GC B-cells in vivo and that a decreased TFR/TFH ratio in chronic SIV infection may lead to unchecked expansion of both TFH and GC B-cells. TFR, TFH, TREG and bulk CD4 cells were sorted from spleens of 5 uninfected and 5 infected RM.
Project description:Whereas the cellular basis of the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) niche in the bone marrow has been characterized, the nature of the fetal liver (FL) niche is not yet elucidated. We show that Nestin+NG2+ pericytes associate with portal vessels, forming a niche promoting HSC expansion. Nestin+NG2+ cells and HSCs scale during development with the fractal branching patterns of portal vessels, tributaries of the umbilical vein. After closure of the umbilical inlet at birth, portal vessels undergo a transition from Neuropilin-1+Ephrin-B2+ artery to EphB4+ vein phenotype, associated with a loss of peri-portal Nestin+NG2+ cells and emigration of HSCs away from portal vessels. These data support a model in which HSCs are titrated against a peri-portal vascular niche with a fractal-like organization enabled by placental circulation. Characterization of the transcriptome of fetal liver and adult bone marrow niche using RNA-seq
Project description:We investigated the chromatin modifications H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 in the A. thaliana shoot apical meristem using INTACT reporter lines. Samples were collected in two biological replications.