Genomic profiling of the FaDu cell line and derived subclones using amplicon-based targeted sequencing
ABSTRACT: Mutational profiling by targeted next-generation sequencing of a SCCHN cell line model and single-cell derived subclones displaying varying sensitivity to cisplatin was used to determine the extent of intratumoral heterogeneity and to dissect the molecular mechanisms involved in primary cisplatin resistance and treatment-induced clonal evolution.
Project description:Wild type T. brucei bloodstream form were incubated with increasing concentrations of AN7973, a benzoxaborole compound developed by Anacor Pharmaceuticals Inc. against Animal African Trypanosomiasis. Cells had a tendency to lose resistance, only roughly 2x EC50 resistance was obtained. This experiment include the sequencing of wild type cells, intermediate stages (80C and 80D) and final resistant cell lines (80C3005 and 80D2004)
Project description:Chemokines and cytokines are key signaling molecules that orchestrate the trafficking of immune cells, direct them to sites of tissue injury and inflammation and modulate their states of activation and effector cell function. We have measured, using a multiplex-based approach, the levels of 58 immune mediators and 7 acute phase markers in sera derived from of a cohort of patients diagnosed with acute Lyme disease and matched controls. This analysis identified a cytokine signature associated with the early stages of infection and allowed us to identify two subsets (mediator-high and mediator-low) of acute Lyme patients with distinct cytokine signatures that also differed significantly (p<0.0005) in symptom presentation. In particular, the T cell chemokines CXCL9 (MIG), CXCL10 (IP-10) and CCL19 (MIP3B) were coordinately increased in the mediator-high group and levels of these chemokines could be associated with seroconversion status and elevated liver function tests (p=0.027 and p=0.021 respectively). There was also upregulation of acute phase proteins including CRP and serum amyloid A. Consistent with the role of CXCL9/CXCL10 in attracting immune cells to the site of infection, CXCR3+ CD4 T cells are reduced in the blood of early acute Lyme disease (p=0.01) and the decrease correlates with chemokine levels (p=0.0375). The levels of CXCL9/10 did not relate to the size or number of skin lesions but elevated levels of serum CXCL9/CXCL10 were associated with elevated liver enzymes levels. Collectively these results indicate that the levels of serum chemokines and the levels of expression of their respective chemokine receptors on T cell subsets may prove to be informative biomarkers for Lyme disease and related to specific disease manifestations. A total of 65 immune and inflammatory mediators were profiled in serum samples derived from early Lyme disease patients and age- and sex-matched controls. These samples have been generated as part of a prospective cohort study that includes a well-defined cohort of patients with acute Lyme disease enrolled from a Lyme endemic area of the mid-Atlantic United States. Only patients with untreated, confirmed early Lyme disease manifesting an active EM skin lesion at the time of enrollment, as defined by CDC case criteria are eligible. Patients with a history of prior Lyme disease or the presence of confounding preexisting medical conditions associated with prolonged fatigue, pain or neurocognitive symptoms are excluded. Controls are nonhospitalized age- and sex-matched and have no prior history of Lyme disease or any exclusionary medical conditions including lack of inflammatory disorders.
Project description:Response of Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34 to cisplatin, Pt(IV)chloride and Au-NP In this study 7 different treatments were performed (first 2 as 3 replicates) to acquire expression profiles of the total genome of Cupriavidus metallidurans
Project description:This dataset provides allele counts and raw fastqs for deep mutational scanning of the HIV-1 genes tat and rev when not-overlapped with one another (placed in the nef locus) as described in Fernandes et al. Functional segregation of overlapping genes in HIV Cell 2016 (in revision). Preselection (input) and post selection (replicate 1/2) files for every possible point mutant of these two HIV proteins from the NL4-3 background are given.Tab delimited files including codon counts across the amplicons are also included and are probably the most useful thing to most researchers. The data here was used to generate Figures 3 and 4 and 7 and might be of general use for people interested in deep mutational scanning, looking for signatures of epistasis in rev or tat, or reanalyzing and mining the data. FAQ: Why do the ends of each amplicon have such variation? In order to increase diversity across the flowcell, I pooled standard primers with N, NN, and NNN extensions to throw amplicons out of phase. When aligning you should trim the ends or ignore them. This means that the overlap between PE's can vary by 3 nt. Why are the filenames not easy to deal with? The filenames are tied to separate MiSeq runs. I hope to clean up the nomenclature and update this entry in the future while preserving the run information. You can get a sense of that as different residues will vary in Q-score, and that is mostly tied to the run they were pooled on and not any interesting biology. While this is makes it a little harder to follow, I think it's good to get a sense that doing this kind of analysis in high-throughput fashion leads to a reasonable amount of failure (i.e. RNA isolation, RT, fail) that led to repetition until we had good data for every position. Can you help me deal with this dataset? Yes. Please email me at email@example.com, or contact me on twitter @jdf_ev. For reagents please contact Alan Frankel at firstname.lastname@example.org. Do you have the analysis scripts you used to process the data? Yes they are on github. https://github.com/nbstrauli/allele_frequency_trajectory_sim
Project description:Nitrogen is essential for microbial growth and its importance is demonstrated by complex regulatory systems used to control the transport, assimilation and metabolism of nitrogen. To gain further insight into the response of mycobacteria to nitrogen limitation, we developed a nitrogen-limited chemostat and compared the transcriptional response of nitrogen-limited cells to nitrogen-replete cells in a continuous culture model at a constant growth rate (0.12 h-1) (td = 5.7 hrs) and 50% oxygen saturation.
Project description:To clarify the effects of cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum II, CDDP) on the gene expression profiles in renal proximal tubules, microarray analyses were carried out using total RNA samples isolated from microdissected proximal tubules and whole kidneys. The molecular events underlying acute kidney injury (AKI) in the proximal tubules of rats with cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity were successfully clarified with 17,000 transcripts. Renal proximal tubules were isolated under microscopy, and transcriptome data were collected with Rat Genome Survey Microarray® (Applied Biosystems)
Project description:Platinum compounds display clinical activity against a wide variety of solid tumors. However, resistance to these agents is a major limitation in cancer therapy. Reduced platinum uptake and increased platinum export are examples of resistance mechanisms that limit the extent of DNA damage. Here, we report the discovery and characterization of the role of ATP11B, a P-type ATPase membrane protein, in cisplatin resistance. ATP11B gene silencing restored the sensitivity of ovarian cancer cell lines to cisplatin in vitro. Combined therapy of cisplatin and ATP11B-siRNA significantly decreased cancer growth in mice bearing ovarian tumors derived from cisplatin-sensitive and -resistant cells. In vitro mechanistic studies on cellular platinum content and cisplatin efflux-kinetics indicated that ATP11B enhances the export of cisplatin from cells. The co-localization of ATP11B with fluorescent cisplatin and with vesicular trafficking proteins such as syntaxin-6 (STX6) and vesicular associated membrane protein 4 (VAMP4) strongly suggests that ATP11B contributes to secretory vesicular transport of cisplatin from Golgi to plasma membrane. In conclusion, silencing ATP11B expression might be a therapeutic strategy to overcome cisplatin resistance. We performed the transfection of control-siRNA and ATP11B-siRNA to both cisplatin-sensitive A2780-PAR and cisplatin-resistant A2780-CP20 cells respectively.
Project description:We investigated an acute kidney injury (AKI) model in rats induced by cisplatin (Cp) administration. The cisplatin is widely used since its biochemical and histopathological characteristics are representative of drug-induced AKI in humans. Male Wistar rats were dosed once ip with 0, 1 and 3 mg/kg cisplatin. Tubular necorsis was observed histopathologically in all treated rats and war recovery on day 26. Gene expression profiling of the kidney cortex with microarrays 3, 5, 8, and 26 days after single administration of 3mg/kg Cp revealed a major profile pattern characterized by maximally increased and decreased mRNA levels on day 8, with clear changes already found 3 days after treatment for about half of the mRNAs. The mRNA expression pattern after administration of 1mg/kg Cp was overall similar, yet with a dose-dependent smaller fold-change. In summary we found 274 mRNAs showing significantly altered levels in the kidney of which 162 were increased and 112 decreased, respectively. Functional interpretation of the proteins encoded by these mRNAs revealed induction of a DNA damage response likely caused by the known molecular activity of Cp as DNA alkylating agent. Increased mRNAs associated with apoptosis (encoded by the corresponding genes like B-cell lymphoma 3-encoded protein, Bcl3; mouse double minute 2 homolog, Mdm2; p21/WAF1 also known as cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1), cell cycle regulation (encoded by the corresponding genes like Cyclin-G1, Ccng1; B-cell translocation gene 2, Btg2) and stress response may have partly been induced by the DNA damage, but also by the kidney damage associated with Cp administration. Increased levels of mRNAs indicating regeneration (encoded by the corresponding genes like SPARC- related modular calcium-binding protein 2, Smoc2; Tenascin C, Tnc) and decreased levels of mRNAs coding for proteins related to kidney function, indicating dedifferentiation, are likely related to the observed kidney injury. Male Han Wistar rats (8 weeks old) were randomly grouped (n = 6) and dosed once i.p. with 0, 1 or 3 mg/kg body weight cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (cisplatin; Sigma Aldrich, Germany) diluted in 0.9% saline. For histopathological examination of the kidney and for kidney RNA isolation animals were euthanized on days 3, 5, 8 and 26.
Project description:Protein Kinase C alpha (PKC) is a critical mediator of cell signaling and cancer growth. We show that PKC inhibitors decrease proliferation in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) cells and abrogate growth of SCCHN tumors in mouse xenografts. Analysis of gene expression arrays reveals that PKC regulates cell cycle genes required for DNA synthesis. In particular, PKC increases cyclin E protein expression, cyclinE/cdk2 complex formation, and transcription of cyclin E and E2F target genes. Consistent with this mechanism, expression of cyclin E rescues the block in DNA synthesis caused by PKC inhibition. In SCCHN tissue, PKC and cyclin E expression increase progressively from normal and dysplastic to malignant human head and neck tissue. Furthermore, PKC expression correlates with poor prognosis in SCCHN. These results demonstrate that PKC regulates growth by stimulating DNA synthesis through cyclin E and E2F and identify PKC as a therapeutic target that is highly expressed in aggressive SCCHN. Keywords: time course; dose response Overall design: 9 samples composed of treated replicates at three time points