Genome-wide identification of urinary cell-free microRNAs for non-invasive detection of bladder cancer
ABSTRACT: Objective was to identify urine cell-free microRNAs enabling early non-invasive detection of bladder cancer. Total RNA enriched for fraction of short RNAs was isolated using Urine microRNA purification kit (Norgen corp.). miRNA profiles were determined using the Affymetrix GeneChip miRNA 3.0 array and analyzed to identify differentially deregulated miRNA in bladder cancer patients compared with helathy controls.
Project description:The aim of the experiment was to discover differentially expressed miRNAs correlating with prolonged response to targeted therapy in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma treated with sunitinib or pazopanib
Project description:Mid-stream urine was collected from bladder cancer patients prior to surgery. Both tumor tissue and normal bladder mucosa that are located at >3cm away from the tumor edge were obtained by cystoscopy. For the normal controls with haematuria, urine samples were collected from patients who had normal cystoscopic finding and absence of malignancy with >6 months follow-up. All urine samples were centrifuged at 2500 r.c.f. for 20 minutes and the urine supernatant was collected. Total RNA of urine supernatant and frozen tissue was extracted using MirVanaTM PARISTM Kit (Ambion) in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommended protocols. AgilentTM Human miRNA Microarray Chip (Release 13.0, Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, CA, USA) was used to determine the microRNA expression profiles of the samples.
Project description:Analysis of skeletal muscle miRNA expression from type 2 diabetic volunteers before and after 16 weeks of chronic exercise training (two groups, one undergoing aerobic ecercise and the other resistance training exercise) A biopsy was collected from the right Vastus Lateralis under local anaesthesia and RNA was isolated from muscle (~10 mg) using mirVana™ Kit , Low molecular weight RNA was biotin-labeled with FlashTag™ Biotin HSR RNA Labeling Kit. 21.5 µl of high-quality biotin-labeled miRNA sample was hybridized to Affymetrix Gene-Chip® miRNA 2.0, stained on Affymetrix Fluidics station 400 and scanned with a Hewlett Packard G2500A gene Array Scanner. Affymetrix® miRNA QC Tool v 220.127.116.11 was used for the data summarization, normalization, and microarray quality control.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE39013: Stability of miRNA in FFPE tumour samples exhibiting degraded mRNA [Cervix samples series 1] GSE39014: Stability of miRNA in FFPE tumour samples exhibiting degraded mRNA [Cervix samples series 2] GSE39015: Stability of miRNA in FFPE tumour samples exhibiting degraded mRNA [Cervix samples miRNA] GSE39016: Stability of miRNA in FFPE tumour samples exhibiting degraded mRNA [Bladder samples] GSE39066: Stability of miRNA in FFPE tumour samples exhibiting degraded mRNA [cell lines] Refer to individual Series
Project description:Background: As degradation of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples limits ability to expression profile, we explored factors predicting success for FFPE profiling and investigated an approach overcoming this limitation. Methods: Bladder (n=141, stored 3-8 years) and cervix (n=160, stored 8-23 years) carcinoma FFPE samples were hybridised to Affymetrix Exon1.0ST arrays. Percent detection above background (%DABG) measured technical success. Biological signal was assessed by distinguishing cervix squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (AC) using a gene signature. Precursor mir-205 was measured by Exon array and mature miR-205 by qRT-PCR. Eight-old and -young cervix samples were compared using Affymetrix miRNA 2.0 arrays. For comparison, the 'cervix_tumour_cs1_113' (previsously submitted GSM677307) was included and re-analyzed with the samples from the current study (total 161 Cervix samples). Results: RNA quality controls (e.g. RNA integrity number) failed to predict profiling success, but sample age correlated with %DABG in bladder (R2=-0.30, p<0.01) and cervix (R2=-0.69, p<0.01). Biological signal was lost in older samples and neither a signature nor precursor mir-205 separated samples by histology. miR-205 qRT-PCR discriminated SCC from AC, validated by miRNA profiling (26-fold higher in SCC; p=1.10x10-5). Median miRNA probeset expression of eight-old and eight-young cervix samples correlated well (R2=0.95) overcoming the age-related bias of mRNA probesets, suggesting miR-205 stability generalises across microRNA. Conclusions: microRNA profiling overcomes the limitation of degraded FFPE samples 18 samples hybridised to miRNA microarray V2 arrays, 2 cervix cell lines and 16 clinical cervical tumour samples. There are no technical replicates.
Project description:MicroRNAs are powerful gene expression regulators, but their corneal repertoire and potential changes in corneal diseases remain unknown. Our purpose was to identify miRNAs altered in the human diabetic cornea by microarray analysis, and to examine their effects on wound healing in cultured telomerase-immortalized human corneal epithelial cells (HCEC) in vitro. Using microarrays, 29 miRNAs were identified as differentially expressed in diabetic samples. Two miRNA candidates showing the highest fold increased in expression in the diabetic cornea were confirmed by Q-PCR and further characterized. HCEC transfection with h-miR-146a or h-miR-424 significantly retarded wound closure, but their respective antagomirs significantly enhanced wound healing vs. controls. Cells treated with h-miR-146a or h-miR-424 had decreased p-p38 and p-EGFR staining, but these increased over control levels close to the wound edge upon antagomir treatment. In conclusion, several miRNAs with increased expression in human diabetic central corneas were found. Two such miRNAs inhibited cultured corneal epithelial cell wound healing. Dysregulation of miRNA expression in human diabetic cornea may be an important mediator of abnormal wound healing. Total RNA was extracted from age-matched human autopsy normal (n=6) and diabetic (n=6) central corneas, Flash Tag end-labeled, and hybridized to Affymetrix® GeneChip® miRNA Arrays. Select miRNAs associated with diabetic cornea were validated by quantitative RT-PCR (Q-PCR) and by in situ hybridization (ISH) in independent samples.
Project description:Intestinal epithelia are protected by a layer of mucin secreted by goblet cells against mechanical and chemical injuries, potent causes of inflammation, and the most abundant secreted intestinal mucin is encoded by the Muc2 gene. Genetic deletion of Muc2 causes intestinal inflammation in early stage and tumors after 3 months. The underlying mechanisms are not clear, but epigenetic alterations, particularly, up- and down-regulated microRNAs are involved in the malignant transformation from colitis to cancer. We used miRNA array to profile the differential expression of the miRNAs in Muc2-/- mouse colonic epithelial lin comparison with those in wild-type mice. Total RNA were extracted from mouse colonic epithelial cells and Muc2-/- and +/+, and the RNA were hybridized on Affymetrix miRNA microarray to determine the alterations of miRNAs during colitis development and its malignant transformation from colitis to cancer. To the end, we found miRNA were differential expressed in the Muc2-/- mice, among them 20 miRNAs were significantly downregulated and 71 miRNAs were significantly upregulated in Muc2-/- mice, in comparison with Muc2+/+ mice (change fold >2 or <0.5; T<0.01, p value< 0.05, q value< 0.05).
Project description:Bladder cancer is one of the most common cancers. Since prognosis ameliorates with early detection, it is a challenge to develop techniques that could replace or complement the current diagnosis protocols. The study of extracellular vesicles (EVs) that are present in urine samples has become an attractive alternative. The present study describes the mRNA content of vesicles isolated from voided urine samples within bladder cancer context. To discover a genetic signature of cancer, RNA associated to EVs was analyzed by microarray technique. Total RNA isolated from Extracellular Vesicles obtained from urine of bladder cancer patients was compared with RNA isolated from urinary vesicles of non-cancer patients.
Project description:The blossom of immunotherapy in melanoma highlights the need to delineate mechanisms of immune resistance. Recently, we have demonstrated that the RNA editing protein, adenosine deaminase acting on RNA-1 (ADAR1) is down-regulated during metastatic transition of melanoma, which enhances melanoma cell proliferation and tumorigenicity. Here we investigate the role of ADAR1 in melanoma immune resistance. Importantly, knockdown of ADAR1 in human melanoma cells induces resistance to tumor infiltrating lymphocytes in a cell contact-dependent mechanism. We show that ADAR1, in an editing-independent manner, regulates the biogenesis of miR-222 at the transcription level and thereby Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 (ICAM1) expression, which consequently affects melanoma immune resistance. ADAR1 thus has a novel, pivotal, role in cancer immune resistance. Corroborating with these results, the expression of miR-222 in melanoma tissue specimens was significantly higher in patients who had no clinical benefit from treatment with ipilimumab as compared to patients that responded clinically, suggesting that miR-222 could function as a biomarker for the prediction of response to ipilimumab. These results provide not only novel insights on melanoma immune resistance, but also pave the way to the development of innovative personalized tools to enable optimal drug selection and treatment. 13 formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) melanoma tissues were stained with hematoxilin and eosin for examination by an expert pathologist. Non-tumor tissue was removed. Total RNA was isolated using miRNeasy FFPE kit (Qiagen) according to the manufacture guidelines.
Project description:C57BL/6 mice were either given Staphyloccocal entertoxin B (SEB) or PBS as a control for 48 hours. Mice were sacrificed and lung infiltrating mononuclear cells were isolated. Total RNA extraction was performed using Qiagen miRNeasy kit and RNA quality was assessed specrophotometrically. Affymetric Gene Chip miRNA 1.0 array was used for miRNA profiling using FlashTag Biotin HSR RNA labeling kit.