RNA-Seq Analysis of mouse endothelial cells from multiple organs
ABSTRACT: In order to identify the orgnaotypic characteristics of endothelial cells from adipose tissues compared to other organs, we isolated endothelial cells from various organs using the Ribo-Tag method, which tags the ribosomal subunit with hemagglutinin (HA) in VE-Cadherin expressing cells.
Project description:We investigated SOX7 binding events on the chromatin under basal conditions in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, upon overexpression of human SOX7-mCherry and immunoprecipitating mCherry. Cells overexpressing only the mCherry tag were used as negative control condition, and peaks called here were substracted from the SOX7-mCherry peaks.
Project description:We investigated SOX18 binding events on the chromatin under basal conditions in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, upon overexpression of mouse Sox18-cMyc and immunoprecipitating cMyc. Cells overexpressing only the cMyc tag were used as negative control condition, and peaks called here were substracted from the Sox18-cMyc peaks.
Project description:JARID2 ChIP-seq profile mediated by Xist was investigated using two separate approaches: In the first approach, we use the TX1072 female embryonic stem cell (ESC) line; this is a genetically polymorphic ESC line derived from a mouse with one X-chromosome (X-chr) from the Mus musculus castaneus (Cast) origin and the other of Mus musculus domesticus, C57BL/6 (BL6) strain origin, containing an inducible promoter on the BL6 Xist allele; differentiation and simultaneous induction of Xist for 4 days results in the inactivation of ONLY the BL6-derived X-chr and coating by JARID2 protein. We analysed this ESC line in the undifferentiated state, in which both X-chrs are active (and not coated by JARID2), and also after 4 days of differentiation under Xist inducible conditions, in which cells display one inactive X-chr from BL6 origin and one Xa of the Cast origin; the presence of SNPs allows for the comparison of the degree and localisation of JARID2 enrichment on the inactive X-chr versus the active X-chr; our results suggests that JARID2 is enriched on the inactive X-chr chromosome-wide and not in confined peaks as elsewhere in the genome; This pattern resembles patterns of Xist enrichment published before (Engreitz et al., 2013). In the second approach, we use a male ESC line that carries an inducible Xist transgene (TG) on chromosome 11 (chr11) (Wutz et al., 2000) in the presence (36:11 WT) or the absence of Eed (36:11 Eed-/-) Induction of Xist TG results in Xist coating and enrichment of JARID2 across the chr11, regardless of the presence of Eed when assess by IF/Xist RNA FISH experiments. We compare inducible and uninducible condition in both the 36:11 WT and Eed-/- ESCs; this way, we could assess the Xist-mediated JARID2 recruitment and the effect of the absence of Eed-/-; Our results shows that Xist induction result in a chromosome-wide enrichment of JARID2 on chr11, in a manner that resembles enrichment on the inactive X-chr; this pattern seem to be independent of EED, showing that in contrast to other regions in the genome where JARID2 occupancy is abrogated in the absence of EED, Xist-mediated JARID2 recruitment is not affected. JARID2 ChIP-seq analysis in differentiating female ESCs (TX1072) and in a male ESC harbouring a Xist transgene on chromosome 11 in WT and Eed-/- genetics settings
Project description:Coq9R239X mice, a model of mitochondrial encephalopathy due to Coenzyme Q deficiency, were treated with Rapamycin administered in the chow at two different concentrations, i.e. 28 ppm and 225 ppm. The results are compared to those obtained in untreated Coq9R239X mice and untreated Coq9+/+ mice.
Project description:Mammalian Rif1 defines the architecture of replication-timing domains interactions through the three-dimensional organization of the nuclear volume. Deletion of RIf1 in mammalian cells causes an initial alteration of three-dimensional chromatin organization which impacts first on replication timing and genome stability, but has long-term indirect repercussions also on gene expression.
Project description:The exon junction complex is deposited at 24nt upstream of exon-exon junctions, but not at every junction. The core complex is comprosed of 4 proteins, eIF4A3, Magoh, Y14 and MLN51. Here we performed immunoprecipitation of Y14 with subsequent iCLIP of eIF4A3 in HeLa cells to identify the crosslink sites of the exon junction complex, in particular eIF4A3.
Project description:For modified iCLIP experiment, 4SU was used for crosslinking as described in published protocol (citation is bellow) and the RNase conditions were optimised to ensure efficient RNase I-dependent fragmentation. In detail, HEK293T cells were grown on 10 cm 2 dishes, incubated for 8 h with 100 M 4SU and crosslinked with 2x 400mJ/cm 2 365nm UV light. Protein A Dynabeads were used for immunoprecipitations (IP). 80 l of beads were washed in iCLIP lysis buffer (50mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 100 mM NaCl, 1% NP-40, 0.1% SDS, 0.5% sodium deoxycholate). For the preparation of the cell lysate, 2 million cells were lysed in 1 ml of iCLIP lysis buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.4, 100 mM NaCl, 1% NP-40, 0.1% SDS, 0.5% sodium deoxycholate) buffer, and the remaining cell pellet was dissolved in 50 L MSB lysis buffer (as above). After the pellet had dissolved, the mixture was diluted with CLIP lysis buffer to 1000 l and an additional centrifugation was performed. Lysates were pooled (2ml total volume) and incubated with 4 U/ml of RNase I and 2 l antiRNase (1/1000, AM2690, Thermo Fisher) at 37C for 3 min, and centrifuged. We took care to prepare the initial dilution of RNase in water, since we found that RNase I gradually loses its activity when diluted in the lysis buffer. 1.5 ml of the supernatant was then added to the beads and incubated at 4C for 4 h. The rest of the protocol was identical to the published protocol (see bellow). Huppertz I, Attig J, D'Ambrogio A, Easton LE, Sibley CR, Sugimoto Y, Tajnik M, Knig J, Ule J: iCLIP: protein-RNA interactions at nucleotide resolution. Methods 2014, 65:274-287.
Project description:This experiments was performed in HeLa cells according to the iCLIP protocol with the following modifications: no antiRNase was used and the concentration of RNase I was 0.5 U/ml. In iCLIP4, the dephosphorylation step was omitted from the standard protocol. The rest of the protocol was identical to the previously published iCLIP protocol )Huppertz I, Attig J, D'Ambrogio A, Easton LE, Sibley CR, Sugimoto Y, Tajnik M, Knig J, Ule J: iCLIP: protein-RNA interactions at nucleotide resolution. Methods 2014, 65:274-287).
Project description:The modified iCLIP protocol is based on the previously described protocol (Huppertz et al., 2014) with modifications that enable the definition of readthrough cDNAs. HeLa cells were crosslinked with 0.15mJ/cm2 254nm UV light. Protein G Dynabeads were used for immunoprecipitations (IP). For each IP, 100 l of beads were washed in iCLIP lysis buffer (50mM Tris-HCL pH 7.4, 100mM NaCl, 1% NP-40, 0.1% SDS, 0.5% sodium deoxycholate), and incubated with the anti-eIF4A3 antibody or polyclonal mAb BB7 serum anti-PTBP1. To prepare the cell lysate, the cells were lysed with 1 mL iCLIP lysis buffer (final concentration 2mg/mL), sonicated (Bioruptor, 5x5 sec on/off), incubated with RNase I (1-2 x10-3 U/mL for eIF4A3) at 37C for 3 min, and centrifuged. After the pellet had dissolved, the mixture was diluted with H2O to 1000 L and an additional centrifugation was performed. The supernatant of the iCLIP lysis buffer (1 mL) and the MSB lysis buffer (1 ml) were combined and added to the antibody-coupled beads, which were then rotated at 4C for 2 h (final urea concentration 175 mM). The beads were then washed with high-salt washing buffer (50mM Tris-HCL pH 7.4, 1M NaCl, 1% NP-40, 0.1% SDS, 0.5% sodium deoxycholate). After the first round of washes, the library was split into 10%, which were radioactively labelled (according to the basic iCLIP protocol), and 90%, which proceed through 3 adapter addition, an additional phosphorylation (0.2 l PNK, 0.4 l cold ATP (1mM), 0.4 l 10x PNK buffer, 3 l water) and a 5 marker ligation (6 l water, 5 l 4X ligation buffer, 2 l RNA ligase, 1 l RNasin, 2 l 5 marker (100 M), 4 l PEG400). The sequence of the 5 marker is CAGUCCGACGAUC, which corresponds to the Illumina short RNA 5 Adapter (RA5), part #15013205; this sequence is not complementary to the primers used for amplification of iCLIP cDNA libraries (Huppertz et al., 2014). We then produced sequence reads of 120 nt using the Illumina HiSeq platform for eIF4A3 iCLIP. The rest of the protocol was carried out as previously described (Huppertz et al., 2014). Huppertz, I., Attig, J., D'Ambrogio, A., Easton, L.E., Sibley, C.R., Sugimoto, Y., Tajnik, M., Konig, J., and Ule, J. (2014). iCLIP: protein-RNA interactions at nucleotide resolution. Methods 65, 274-287.