RNA-seq of coding RNA (polysomal and free fraction) from human adipose tissue stem cells treated with cyclopamine, purmorphamine and DMSO
ABSTRACT: Here we used activating (purmorphamine) and blocking (cyclopamine) drugs characterized of the Hedgehog pathway in adipose tissue-derived stem cells and identified mRNAs associated polysomes or free fraction in each condition.
Project description:The epigenetic dysregulation of tumor suppressor genes is a major driver of human carcinogenesis. We have combined genome-wide methylation analyses with functional screening to identify novel candidate tumor suppressor genes in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We find that the dual-specificity phosphatase DUSP4 is aberrantly silenced in nodal and extranodal DLBCL due to promoter hypermethylation; ectopic expression of wild type DUSP4, but not of a phosphatase-deficient mutant, dephosphorylates c-JUN N-terminal kinase (JNK) and induces apoptosis in DLBCL cells. JNK inhibition prevents DLBCL survival in vitro and in vivo, and synergizes strongly with inhibitors of chronic active B-cell receptor signaling. Our results provide a mechanistic basis for the clinical development of JNK inhibitors in DLBCL, alone or in synthetic lethal combinations. A methylation profiling data set related to this experiment was also deposited at ArrayExpress under accession number E-MTAB-2926: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/experiments/E-MTAB-2926/
Project description:Organoids derived from small intestine epithelial cells of C57BL/6 wild-type mice were cultured in the presence or absence of IL-28 (1000 ng/ml) for 24 hours. The experimental setup included 8 samples in a pairwise design (4 unstimulated vs 4 stimulated). Profiling of whole-genome transcriptomic patterns was performed by RNA-Seq on an Illumina HiSeq 2500 platform using total RNA at the Next Generation Sequencing core unit of the University Hospital Erlangen, Germany. Demultiplexed reads were quality filtered against rRNAs, tRNAs, mt-rRNAs and mt-tRNAs. Alignment against the mus musculus reference genome (Ensemble V.84 for GRCm38) was performed with RNA-seq aligner STAR (V.2.5.1b) and statistical analysis of unique mappings (HTseq count) was computed in R using the DESeq2 1.10.1.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of human lung adenocarcinoma cells comparing control untreated SPC-A1 cells with SPC-A1 cells treated with 300 µg/ml mAb NJ001 for 36h Two-condition experiment, SPC-A1 vs. NJ001-SPC-A1 cells. Biological replicates: 3 control, 3 treated, independently grown and harvested. One replicate per array.
Project description:Collectively classified as white-rot fungi, certain basidiomycetes efficiently degrade the major structural polymers of wood cell walls. A small subset of these Agaricomycetes, exemplified by Phlebiopsis gigantea, is capable of colonizing freshly exposed conifer sapwood despite its high pitch content, which retards the establishment of other fungal species. The mechanism(s) by which P. gigantea tolerates and metabolizes resinous compounds have not been explored. Here, we report the annotated P. gigantea genome and compare profiles of its transcriptome and secretome when cultured on fresh-cut versus solvent-extracted loblolly pine. The P. gigantea genome contains a conventional repertoire of hydrolase genes involved in cellulose/hemicellulose degradation, whose patterns of expression were relatively unperturbed by the absence of extractives. The expression of genes typically ascribed to lignin degradation was also largely unaffected. In contrast, genes likely involved in the transformation and detoxification of pitch were highly induced in its presence. Their products included an ABC transporter, lipases, cytochrome P450s, glutathione S-transferase and aldehyde dehydrogenase. Other regulated genes of unknown function and several constitutively expressed genes are also likely involved in P. gigantea’s pitch metabolism. These results contribute to our fundamental understanding of conifer colonization and carbon cycling processes. Phlebiopsis gigantea was cultivated in media containing one of three carbon sources: freshly harvested loblolly pine (3 replicates), acetone extracted lobollly pine (3 replicates), or glucose (2 replicates). RNA was extracted and processed for Illumina sequencing as described below.
Project description:Background: Inducing apoptosis of autoreactive lymphocytes is part of the therapeutic strategy for Crohn’s disease (CD) patients. Failure to respond to medical therapies upon inflammatory bowel disease could result from insufficient apoptosis. To date there are no useful molecular factors for the prediction of clinical relapse. Study Aims: Characterization of the BCL-2 family-related risk of therapy resistance and verifying its usefulness as parameter for the prediction of clinical relapse could be helpful in deciding which medical therapy to recommend. The project is directly targeted to develop rapidly therapeutic improvement for patients with IBD. A long-term goal is the development of new therapeutic options for the treatment of IBD via a physiologic homeostasis and turnover of lymphocytes. Study Design: We propose to characterize the BCL-2 family-related risk of therapy resistance and its usefulness as parameter for the prediction of clinical relapse upon medical therapy. Samples will be used for next generation sequencing, qPCR, WB, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. The hypothesis is considered confirmed if expression of BCL-2 family members in human peripheral blood is significantly changed between patient groups and correlates with the number of lymphocyte subpopulations.
Project description:Emerging coronaviruses (CoVs) primarily cause severe gastroenteric or respiratory diseases in humans and animals, for which no approved therapeutics are available so far. Here A9, a receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (RTKIs) of the tyrphostin class was identified as a robust inhibitor of TGEV (Transmissible gastroenteritis virus) infection in cell-based assays. Time-of-addition studies suggested that A9 mainly acts at post-adsorption stage of the TGEV life cycle. Moreover, it also exhibited potent antiviral activity against various coronavirus replication, including MHV, PEDV and FIPV. We further investigated the mechanism of action of A9 against TGEV infection in vitro with comparative phosphoproteomics analysis. We specifically identified the A9 target, p38 and JNK1, the downstream molecules of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) as required for efficient TGEV replication in vitro through plaque assay, qRT-PCR and western blotting assays. Additionally, tests of p38 and JNK1 inhibitors also indicated that interventions targeting p38 was more effective in suppressing TGEV propagation than the JNK. In conclusion, these findings indicate that the receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor A9 can directly inhibits TGEV replication and its inhibitory activity on TGEV replication mainly regulated by targeting p38, which provide vital clues to design novel drugs against coronavirus.
Project description:The aim of the study was to investigate which genes are up- and down-regulated in response to hyperthermia and combined thermoradiotherapy in HSP70 proficient and deficient canine osteosarcoma cell line. Canine osteosarcoma cell line Abrams was transfected with negative control siRNA or siRNA targeting HSP70. Cells were treated with hyperthermia (42C, 1 hour, HT), radiotherapy (6Gy, RT) and thermoradiotherapy (HTRT). RNA was extracted 24 hours after treatment and used for RNA sequencing. Three independent experiments were performed, each with negative control siRNA (Neg) and HSP70 knockdown (HSP70kd) cells. Cells were treated with radiotherapy (RT), hyperthermia (HT), thermoradiotherapy (HTRT) or untreated (ctrl). One experiment consists of 8 samples (ctrl, RT, HT, HTRT in neg and HSP70kd cells), total 24 samples were sequenced.
Project description:Dental pulp cells of cryopreserved teeth (slow and rapid speed) were examined with microarray for screening which gene is involve in the inflammation process during the cryopreservation process. Intact caries-free, freshly extracted premolars (n=6) were collected from 3 patients for microarray assay analysis. They were classified as control and cryopreserved groups. Cryopreserved groups were divided into rapid freezing and slow freezing group.
Project description:Aberrant expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is frequently associated with a variety of cancers, including breast cancer. We and others have demonstrated that radiation-induced rat mammary cancer exhibits a characteristic gene expression profile and a random increase in aberrant DNA copy number; however, the role of aberrant miRNA expression is unclear. We performed a microarray analysis of frozen samples of eight mammary cancers induced by gamma-irradiation (2 Gy), eight spontaneous mammary cancers, and seven normal mammary samples. We found that a small set of miRNAs was characteristically overexpressed in radiation-induced cancer. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis confirmed that miR-135b, miR-192, miR-194, and miR-211 were significantly upregulated in radiation-induced mammary cancer compared with spontaneous cancer and normal mammary tissue. The expression of miR-192 and miR-194 also was upregulated in human breast cancer cell lines compared with non-cancer cells. Manipulation of the miR-194 expression level using a synthetic inhibiting RNA produced a small but significant suppression of cell proliferation and upregulation in the expression of several genes that are suggested to act as tumor suppressors in MCF-7 and T47D breast cancer cells. Thus, the induction of rat mammary cancer by radiation involves aberrant expression of miRNAs, which may favor cell proliferation. We performed miRNA microarray analysis on mammary carcinomas in Sprague-Dawley rat to identify radiation-specific miRNA expression patterns compared with spontaneous mammary carcinomas and normal mammary tissues.