Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

347

RNA-seq time course of cardiac repair in mouse in response to LAD ligation compared to sham and non-injured controls


ABSTRACT: The adult mammalian heart has little regenerative capacity after myocardial infarction (MI) while neonatal mouse heart regenerates without scarring or dysfunction. However, the underlying pathways are poorly defined. We sought to derive insights into the pathways regulating neonatal development of the mouse heart and cardiac regeneration post-MI. Total RNA-seq of mouse heart through the first 10 days of postnatal life (referred to as P3, P5, P10) revealed a previously unobserved transition in microRNA expression between P3 and P5 associated specifically with altered expression of protein-coding genes on the focal adhesion pathway and cessation of cardiomyocyte cell division. We found profound changes in the coding and non-coding transcriptome after neonatal MI, with evidence of essentially complete healing by P10. Over two thirds of each of the mRNAs, lncRNAs and microRNAs that were differentially expressed in the post-MI heart were differentially expressed during normal postnatal development, suggesting a common regulatory pathway for normal cardiac development and post-MI cardiac regeneration. We selected exemplars of miRNAs implicated in our data set as regulators of cardiomyocyte proliferation. Several of these showed evidence of a functional influence on mouse cardiomyocyte cell division. In addition, a subset of these microRNAs, miR-144-3p, miR-195a-5p, miR-451a and miR-6240 showed evidence of functional conservation in human cardiomyocytes. The sets of mRNAs, miRNAs and lncRNAs that we report here merit further investigation as gatekeepers of cell division in the postnatal heart and as targets for extension of the period of cardiac regeneration beyond the neonatal period.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2000

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Claire Morgan   Bernhard J Haubner   Martyna Adamowicz  

PROVIDER: E-MTAB-6272 | ArrayExpress | 2018-02-02

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): ERP105696

REPOSITORIES: ArrayExpress, ENA

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