Massively parallel single-cell RNA-sequencing of K14E7 transgenic and wildtype C57BL/6 mice
ABSTRACT: We report scRNA-seq data captured from 9,410 cells obtained from the skin of K14E7 transgenic and wildtype C57/BL6 mice. The K14E7 mouse model harbors the HPV16 E7 oncogene driven from a Keratin 14 promoter for keratinocyte-specific expression. We used scRNA-seq to detect and measure E7 transcription with unprecedented accuracy and resolution. With these data, we uncovered transcriptional differences between the individual cells; demonstrated that increased HPV16 E7 copy number is associated with increased expression of E7-induced genes; and showed that E7 expression is predominantly associated with basal keratinocytes.
The Journal of investigative dermatology 20180630 12
Persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is responsible for at least 5% of human malignancies. Most HPV-associated cancers are initiated by the HPV16 genotype, as confirmed by detection of integrated HPV DNA in cells of oral and anogenital epithelial cancers. However, single-cell RNA sequencing may enable prediction of HPV involvement in carcinogenesis at other sites. We conducted single-cell RNA sequencing on keratinocytes from a mouse transgenic for the E7 gene of HPV16 and showed sensi ...[more]
Project description:Differentiation into diverse cell lineages requires orchestration of gene regulatory networks guiding cell fate choices. Genetic factors acting through changes in transcriptional levels can contribute to cardiovascular disease risk by impacting early stages of development and have cell type-specific effects. We set out to characterize lineage trajectory progression of subpopulations and identify potential disease-related genes by examining their expression changes in single cells during early stages of cardiac lineage specification. Using 43,168 single-cell transcriptomes, we developed novel classification and trajectory analysis methods to dissect cellular composition and gene networks across five discrete time points underlying lineage derivation of mesoderm, definitive endoderm, vascular endothelium, cardiac precursors, and definitive cell types that comprise cardiomyocytes and a previously unrecognized cardiac outflow tract population.
Project description:We performed 3' single-cell RNA-seq using the 10X Genomics Chromium (version 1 chemistry) system on ~19,000 undifferentiated human IPSCs to explore the cellular heterogeneity of a seemingly homogeneous cell population.
Project description:Anopheline mosquitoes transmit Plasmodium parasites to humans, and are responsible for an estimated 219 million cases of malaria, leading to over 400,000 deaths annually. The mosquito’s immune system limits Plasmodium infection in several ways, and hemocytes, the insect white blood cells, are key players in these defense responses. However, the full functional diversity of mosquito hemocytes and their developmental trajectories have not been established. We use single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) to analyze the transcriptional profiles of individual mosquito hemocytes in response to blood feeding or infection with Plasmodium. Circulating hemocytes were collected from adult A. gambiae M form (A. coluzzii) females that were either kept on a sugar meal or fed on a healthy or a Plasmodium berghei-infected mouse. Transcriptomes from 5,383 cells (collected 1, 3, and 7 days after feeding) revealed nine major cell clusters.
Project description:We used human embryonic stem cell-derived retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) to characterize the transcriptome of 1,174 cells at the single cell level. The human embryonic stem cell line BRN3B-mCherry A81-H7 was differentiated to RGCs using a guided differentiation approach. Cells were harvested at day 36 and incubated with THY1 antibody (Miltenyi) before undergoing FACS. THY1 positive and THY1 negative cells were subsequently prepared for single cell RNA sequencing. Single cell suspensions were loaded onto 10X Genomics Single Cell 3' Chips along with the reverse transcription master mix as per the manufacturer's protocol for the Chromium Single Cell 3' v2 Library (10X Genomics; PN-120233), to generate single cell gel beads in emulsion. Libraries were then sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq 2500.
Project description:We used the scRNA-seq to characterize disease-related heterogeneity within cell populations of macrophages/monocytes in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from West Highland white terriers either healthy or affected with canine idioapthic pulmonary fibrosis. The disease is still not well understood, occurs in old West Highland white terriers and results from deposition of fibrotic tissue in the lung parenchyma causing respiratory failure.
Project description:Cryptopatches (CP) and isolated lymphoid follicles (ILF) are evolutionary ancient lymphoid structures found in the intestines of all vertebrates. These structures are demarcated by a poorly characterised subset of mononuclear phagocytes (MPh), called CP/ILF-associated (CIA)-MPh. We could demonstrate that CIA-MPh derive from a pre-DC from the bone marrow and thus are boafide dendritic cells. We called these newly identified cDC cells : cryptopatch and ILF associated dendritic cells (CIA-DC). To obtain unbiased insights into how CIA-DC are integrated into the intestinal cDC landscape, we performed single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) of purified CD45+ CD64- I-A/I-E+ CD11chigh cells from C57BL/6 mice using the 10X Genomics droplet-based technology. Finally, to study the role of ILC3 in the final differentiation of CIA-DC, we performed single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) of cDC from Rorc(γt)-/- and Ltb∆ILC3,T mice, using the 10X Genomics droplet-based technology.
Project description:Detailed transcriptomic analyses of differentiated cell populations derived from human pluripotent stem cells is routinely used to assess the identity and utility of the differentiated cells. In particular, single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) can provide insights into both the cellular and transcriptional heterogeneity of differentiated cell populations. Here we provide scRNA-seq data obtained from ROR1-expressing lens epithelial cells (ROR1e LECs) obtained via directed differentiation of CA1 human embryonic stem cells. Through the use of principal component analysis, heat maps and gene ontology assessments, we demonstrate that ROR1e LECs represent a highly purified and large-scale population of lens cells. These data provide a resource for future characterisation of both normal and cataractous human lens biology.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Prophylactic vaccines are available for women and girls not yet infected with HPV, but women already infected with HPV need a treatment to prevent progression to high-grade cervical lesions and cancer. GTL001 is a bivalent therapeutic vaccine for eradicating HPV-infected cells that contains HPV16 E7 and HPV18 E7 both fused to detoxified adenylate cyclase from Bordetella pertussis, which binds specifically to CD11b+ antigen-presenting cells. This study examined the ability of therapeutic vaccination with GTL001 adjuvanted with topical imiquimod cream to induce functional HPV16 E7- and HPV18 E7-specific CD8+ T cell responses. METHODS:Binding of GTL001 to human CD11b was assessed by a cell-based competition binding assay. Cellular immunogenicity of intradermal vaccination with GTL001 was assessed in C57BL/6 mice by enzyme-linked immunospot assay and in vivo killing assays. In vivo efficacy of GTL001 vaccination was investigated in the TC-1 murine HPV16 E7-expressing tumor model. RESULTS:GTL001 bound specifically to the human CD11b/CD18 receptor. GTL001 adjuvanted with topical 5% imiquimod cream induced HPV16 E7 and HPV18 E7-specific CD8+ T cell responses. This CD8+ T-cell response mediated in vivo killing of HPV E7-expressing cells. In the HPV16 E7-expressing tumor model, GTL001 adjuvanted with imiquimod but not imiquimod alone or a combination of unconjugated HPV16 E7 and HPV18 E7 caused complete tumor regression. CONCLUSIONS:GTL001 adjuvanted with topical 5% imiquimod is immunogenic and induces HPV16 E7 and HPV18 E7-specific CD8+ T cell responses that can kill HPV E7-expressing cells and eliminate HPV E7-expressing tumors.
Project description:To assess the role of human papillomavirus virus (HPV) genetics in cervical lesions, we sequenced the E7 gene of HPV16, 31, or 73 from singly infected women who (1) cleared the infection quickly, (2) had type-specific persistent infection, or (3) progressed to CIN2 or worse lesions. Four of the 296 HPV16 E7 nucleotides were variable, compared with 7 of 296 for HPV31 E7 and 4 of 296 for HPV73 E7. While most of the polymorphisms in HPV31 and -73 resulted in non-synonymous amino acid changes, the polymorphisms in the HPV16 E7 resulted in synonymous changes. The lack of heterogeneity of HPV16 E7 suggests high evolutionary purifying selection that might be related to the unique carcinogenicity of HPV16.