Monocyte-derived IL-1 and IL-6 are differentially required for cytokine release syndrome and neurotoxicity by CAR-T cells.
ABSTRACT: Single-cell transcriptome profiling using a 3' droplet-based platform (Chromium,10x Genomics) of human CD45+ leukocytes isolated from leukemic HuSGM3 mice infused with CD19.28z CAR-T cells, two days after cytokine release syndrome (CRS) onset and 5 days later.
Project description:Single-cell transcriptome profiling using a 3' droplet-based platform (Chromium,10x Genomics) of CD11b+ cells isolated from the spleen of control and tumor-bearing mice, treated or not with IFN gene therapy.
Project description:Single-cell RNA-seq was carried out for control embryos and embryos produced from gd7, Tollrm9/rm10, and Toll10B mutant mothers. The embryos from mutant mothers produce only a single type along the dorsal-ventral axis. We used these embryos to compare single-cell gene expression patterns across tissues.
Project description:To comprehensively profile cell types in the human retina, we performed single cell RNA-sequencing on 20,009 cells obtained post-mortem from three donors and compiled a reference transcriptome atlas. Using unsupervised clustering analysis, we identified 18 transcriptionally distinct clusters representing all known retinal cells: rod photoreceptors, cone photoreceptors, Müller glia cells, bipolar cells, amacrine cells, retinal ganglion cells, horizontal cells, retinal astrocytes and microglia.
Project description:Renal endothelial cells (RECs) from glomerular cortical and medullary kidney compartments are exposed to different microenvironmental conditions. Upon dehydration medullary RECs (mRECs) are exposed to extreme hyperosmolarity. However the heterogeneous phenotypes of RECs remain in-completely inventoried and how mRECs respond to dehydration is unknown. By single cell RNA-sequencing of >40000 RECs we identified 24 (including 8 novel) REC phenotypes highlighting extensive heterogeneity of RECs between and within the cortex glomeruli and medulla. In response to dehydration mRECs upregulated primarily the expression of genes involved in the hypoxia response glycolysis and surprisingly oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). In vitro mRECs increased oxygen consumption in response to hyperosmolarity presumably to sustain ATP production for Na+/K+ ATPase pump-mediated salt excretion and to generate metabolic water during OXPHOS in order to counteract mREC hyperosmolarity unveiling a previously underappreciated role of OXPHOS. Overall RECs exhibit extensive heterogeneity and plasticity to adapt their metabolic transcriptome to overcome dehydration.
Project description:Ischemic stroke is a serious medical condition that leads to the onset of neurological symptoms such as loss of motor and cognitive functions. Focal cerebral ischemia (FCI) occurs due to the interrupted blood supply to the site of injury, resulting in the demise of brain cells. The subventricular zone (SVZ) is a source of stem and progenitor cells (NS/PCs), which proliferate and differentiate in multiple cell types in order to substitute the injured tissue. We isolated cells from the SVZ and the adjacent striatum three days after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in order to map cellular changes and NS/PCs plasticity in adult brain upon injury. Expression profiling of the isolated tissue at the single cell level enables the identification of cell population subtypes in the region and their characteristic gene expression.
Project description:Non-lymphoid tissues (NLTs) harbour a pool of adaptive immune cells distinct from their counterparts in lymphoid tissues, and their development and phenotype remains largely unexplored. We used scRNA-seq to survey CD4+ T regulatory (Treg) and memory T (Tmem) cells in spleen, lymph nodes, skin and colon in an unbiased way, in mouse. This cross-tissues comparison allows us to obtain marker genes for immune populations in specific locations, as well as examine each population's heterogeneity. Additionally, a continuous phenotype of Treg migration can be modelled from the mouse data, unravelling the transcriptional stages through which these cells transition between tissues.
Project description:Anopheline mosquitoes transmit Plasmodium parasites to humans, and are responsible for an estimated 219 million cases of malaria, leading to over 400,000 deaths annually. The mosquito’s immune system limits Plasmodium infection in several ways, and hemocytes, the insect white blood cells, are key players in these defense responses. However, the full functional diversity of mosquito hemocytes and their developmental trajectories have not been established. We use single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) to analyze the transcriptional profiles of individual mosquito hemocytes in response to blood feeding or infection with Plasmodium. Circulating hemocytes were collected from adult A. gambiae M form (A. coluzzii) females that were either kept on a sugar meal or fed on a healthy or a Plasmodium berghei-infected mouse. Transcriptomes from 5,383 cells (collected 1, 3, and 7 days after feeding) revealed nine major cell clusters.
Project description:The heterogeneity of endothelial cells (ECs), lining blood vessels, across tissues remains incompletely inventoried. We constructed an atlas of >32,000 single-EC transcriptomic data from 11 tissues of the model organism Mus musculus. We propose a new classification of EC phenotypes based on transcriptome signatures and inferred putative biological features. We identified top-ranking markers for ECs from each tissue. ECs from different vascular beds (arteries, capillaries, veins, lymphatics) resembled each other across tissues, but only arterial, venous and lymphatic (not capillary) ECs shared markers, illustrating a greater heterogeneity of capillary ECs. We identified high-endothelial-venule and lacteal-like ECs in the intestines, and angiogenic ECs in healthy tissues. Metabolic transcriptomes of ECs differed amongst spleen, lung, liver, brain and testis, while being similar for kidney, heart, muscle and intestines. Within tissues, metabolic gene expression was heterogeneous amongst ECs from different vascular beds, altogether highlighting large EC heterogeneity.
Project description:We used the resolving power of single-cell transcriptional profiling to molecularly characterize the mouse adipose stem and progenitor cell-enriched, subcutaneous adipose stromal vascular fraction. We molecularly assessed CD45- CD31- SVF cells using the 10x Genomics Chromium (10x) platform.
Project description:Endothelial cell (EC) metabolism regulates angiogenesis and is an emerging target for anti-angiogenic therapy in tumor and choroidal neovascularization (CNV). In contrast to tumor ECs (TECs), CNV-ECs cannot be isolated for unbiased metabolic target discovery. Here we used scRNA-sequencing to profile 28,337 choroidal ECs (CECs) from mice to in silico distinguish healthy CECs from CNV-ECs. Trajectory inference suggested that CNV-ECs plastically upregulate genes in central carbon metabolism and collagen biosynthesis during differentiation from quiescent postcapillary venous ECs. CEC-tailored genome scale metabolic modeling predicted essentiality of SQLE and ALDH18A1 for proliferation and collagen production, respectively. Comparative analysis in TECs revealed more outspoken metabolic transcriptome heterogeneity in subtypes and consistent upregulation of SQLE and ALDH18A1 across tumor types. Inhibition of SQLE and ALDH18A1 reduced sprouting angiogenesis in vitro. These findings demonstrate the potential of integrated scRNA-seq analysis to identify angiogenic metabolic targets in disease ECs.