A simple and robust plate-based single-cell ATAC-seq on various tissues and cell lines
ABSTRACT: The assay for transposase-accessible chromatin using sequencing (ATAC-seq) is widely used to identify regulatory regions throughout the genome. However, only a few studies have been done at the single cell level (scATAC-seq) due to technical difficulties. Here we developed a simple and robust plate-based scATAC-seq method, combining upfront bulk tagmentation with single-nuclei sorting, to investigate open chromatin regions. We applied this method on mouse splenocytes and unbiasedly revealed key regulatory regions and transcription factors that define each cell (sub)type.
Project description:Plasmodium-specific CD4+ T cells from mice infected with Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi AS parasites were recovered at Days 0, 4, 7, and 32 to undergo processing and to generate scATAC-seq dataset. At Day 7, CXCR5+ and CXCR6+ cells were recovered separately. At Day 32, mice were administered with either saline or artesunate (intermittent artesunate therapy - IAT). scATAC-seq dataset was analysed to investigate epigenomic landscapes of CD4+ T cells from effector to memory states.
Project description:Three oesophageal tissue derived cell lines, one from a normal tissue (HET1A) and two from tumour tissues (OE33 and OE199) were mixed with same number of each cell type in the same tube to get a mixed population. The C1 platform (Fluidigm) was used to capture single-cells and scATAC-seq protocols from Fluidigm ScriptHub is then used to generate the sequencing library. A single-cell ATAC-seq Bioinformatics pipeline is then developed to deconvolute the cells into their respective cell types.
Project description:The human iPSC line H19101 was differentiated in vitro into cardiomyocytes using a 20-day differentiation protocol (Burridge et al. 2014 PMID 24930130 and Montefiori et al 2018 PMID 29988018 ). 50,000 cardiomyocytes were used in each ATAC-seq experiment. 8 replicates were pooled to obtain the final peak file.
Project description:Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) have been successful in yielding >60 loci for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). However, it is known that GWAS just reports genomic signals and not necessarily the precise localization of culprit genes, with eQTL efforts only able to infer causality to a minority of such loci. Thus, we sought to carry out physical and direct ‘variant to gene mapping’ by integrating results from high-throughput chromatin conformation capture and ATAC-seq assays. This experiment refers to the ATAC-seq part of our work. To determine informative proxy SNPs for each of the SLE GWAS sentinel loci, we generated ATAC-seq open chromatin maps for primary human T Follicular Helper (TFH) cells from tonsils of healthy volunteers (3 biological replicates), a model relevant to SLE as TFH operate upstream of the activation of pathogenic autoantibody-producing B cells during the disease. We also generated open chromatin maps for naive CD4-positive helper T cells (3 biological replicates).
Project description:The experiment was designed to look into chromatin accessibility changes during cell cycle progression in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) during definitive endoderm differentiation. For this, FUCCI hESCs were sorted in Early G1 (EG1), and differentiation into endoderm was performed for up to 72 hours with a combination of cytokines as described in Pauklin and Vallier (2013) and Pauklin et al. (2016). Samples at 0, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 72 hours were generated from two independent experiments, with 100,000 cells per sample, as previously described in Kumasaka et al. (2016). Library preparation and sequencing were performed at the Wellcome Sanger Institute next-generation sequencing facility. ATAC-seq libraries were prepared with one of i5 and i7 Nextera tags combination (see protocol details), and pooled equimolarly. Sequencing was performed on Illumina HiSeq 2000, 2 x 75bp paired-end reads.