RNA-seq of THP-1-derived macrophages infected with R. conorii and R. montanensis (1 hpi) against uninfected cells.
ABSTRACT: R. conorii (pathogenic) and R. montanensis (non-pathogenic) display opposite survival versus death phenotypes in macrophage-like cells, respectively. We herein employed a global transcriptomic profiling of host responses to infection (1hpi) of human THP-1 macrophages with R. conorii and R. montanensis. Shortly, total RNA was harvested from uninfected, R. conorii- and R. montanensis-infected THP-1 macrophages, DNA was removed from RNA purification (DNAse treatment), ribosomal RNA was depleted and cDNA libraries were constructed. The samples were sequenced using an Ion Proton V2 chip on Ion Chef Instrument. The programmes Cufflinks and Cuffmerge were used to map transcripts and calculate gene expression, and Cuffdiff was used to calculate which samples had genes, which were statistically significantly differentially expressed between conditions.
Project description:Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is formed by heterogeneous ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament. The patho-mechanism of OPLL is still largely unknown. Recently, disorders of metabolism are thought to be the center of many diseases such as OPLL. Advanced glycation end product (AGE) are accumulated in many extracellular matrixes such as ligament fibers, and it can functions as cellular signal through its receptor (RAGE), contributing to various events such as atherosclerosis or oxidative stress. However, its role in OPLL formation is not yet known. Therefore, we performed high-through-put RNA sequencing on primary posterior longitudinal ligament cells treated with different doses of AGEs (1µM, 5µM and negative control), with or without BMP2 (1µM). mRNA profiles of Primary human posterior longitudinal ligament cells stimulated with various stimuli (Control, 1µM AGE-BSA, 5µM AGE-BSA, 1µM AGE-BSA with BMP2, 5µM AGE-BSA with BMP2) were generated by deep sequencing on Ion Proton
Project description:Subtypes of innate lymphoid cells (ILC), defined by effector function and transcription factor expression, have recently been identified. In the adult, ILC derive from common lymphoid progenitors in bone marrow, although transcriptional regulation of the developmental pathways involved remains poorly defined. TOX is required for development of lymphoid tissue inducer cells, a type of ILC3 required for lymph node organogenesis, and NK cells, a type of ILC1. We show here that production of multiple ILC lineages requires TOX, as a result of TOX-dependent development of common ILC progenitors. Comparative transcriptome analysis demonstrated failure to induce various aspects of the ILC gene program in the absence of TOX, implicating this nuclear factor as a key early determinant of ILC lineage specification. TOX KO vs. wild tyype
Project description:Tumor-specific alternative splicing is implicated in the progression of cancer, including clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Using ccRCC RNA-sequencing data from The Cancer Genome Atlas, we found that epithelial splicing regulatory protein 2 (ESRP2), one of the key regulators of alternative splicing in epithelial cells, is expressed in ccRCC. ESRP2 mRNA expression did not correlate with the overall survival rate of ccRCC patients, but the expression of some ESRP-target exons correlated with the good prognosis and with the expression of Arkadia (also known as RNF111) in ccRCC. Arkadia physically interacted with ESRP2, induced polyubiquitination, and modulated its splicing function. Arkadia and ESRP2 suppressed ccRCC tumor growth in a coordinated manner. Lower expression of Arkadia correlated with advanced tumor stages and poor outcomes in ccRCC patients. This study thus reveals a novel tumor-suppressive role of the Arkadia-ESRP2 axis in ccRCC. Expression of mRNA in a ccRCC cell line OS-RC-2 under the knockdown of Arkadia or ESRP2. Knock-down of ESRP2 was confirmed by RT-PCR because of low expression of ESRP2 which resulted in non-quantitative FPKM value.
Project description:Transcriptome analysis of two independent transgenic lines expressing a construct designed to suppress BdBAHD01. Analysis is intended to quantify suppression, check for off-target effects and look for pleiotropic effects.
Project description:Domestication of animals causes large phenotypic alterations during a brief evolutionary window of time. These alterations are caused by genomic variation, yet the prevalence of modified traits is larger than expected if caused only by classical genetics and mutations. Two selection lines of Red Junglefowl (ancestors of modern chickens), bred for either high or low fear of human for five generations, were used to study the differences in hypothalamic DNA methylation between the two populations.
Project description:We report for the first time movement of Correia Repeat Enclosed Elements, through inversion of the element at its chromosomal location. Analysis of Ion Torrent generated genome sequence data from Neisseria gonorrhoeae strain NCCP11945 passaged for 8 weeks in the laboratory under standard conditions and stress conditions revealed a total of 37 inversions: 24 were exclusively seen in the stressed sample; 7 in the control sample; and the remaining 3 were seen in both samples. These inversions have the capability to alter gene expression in N. gonorrhoeae through the previously determined activities of the sequence features of these elements. In addition, the locations of predicted non-coding RNAs were investigated to identify potential associations with CREE. Associations varied between strains, as did the number of each element identified. The analysis indicates a role for CREE in disrupting ancestral regulatory networks, including non-coding RNAs. RNA-Seq was used to examine expression changes related to Correia repeats in the strain
Project description:Exosomes/microvesicles (hereafter referred to as extracellular vesicles) were isolated from the ULF of day 14 cyclic and pregnant ewes using ExoQuick-TC. Extracellular vesicle RNA was pooled (n=4 per status) and analyzed for small RNAs by sequencing on the Ion Torrent PGM platform and analysis with CLC Genomics Workbench small RNA workflow based on the miRBase (Release 19) Bos taurus database. Small RNA analysis of day 14 uterine luminal fluid extracellular vesicles isolated from pregnant and cyclic ewes.
Project description:Purpose: The goals of this study are to determine the effect of microRNA-17 overexpression on 20,803 human genes in RASFs using Ion ProtonTM System platform. Human RASFs from two RA patients were transfected with pre-miR-17 or NC-pre-miR for 48 h and total RNA was prepared using miRNeasy kit (Qiagen). Total RNA integrity was checked using an Agilent Technologies 2100 Bio analyzer (Santa Clara, CA). 10 ng of high quality RNA was used to make cDNA for amplification with the Ion AmpliSeq Transcriptome Human Gene Expression kit (ThermoFisher Scientific). The cDNA was subjected to 12 cycles of amplification with panel primers and barcoded with adapters as recommended. Resulting sequencing libraries were quantified by qPCR using SYBR FAST master mix from KapaBiosystems (Wilmington, MA). Sets of eight libraries were balanced, pooled and sequencing beads produced on an Ion Chef. Sequencing was performed on an Ion P1 semi-conductor sequencing chip using an Ion Proton™ System (ThermoFisher Scientific, Grand Island, NY). Data was collected and primary analysis performed using Torrent Suite software version 5.0.3. Reads were mapped to the panel and expression values determined. R Software version R-3.2.3 was used to generate heatmap. Among the panel of 20,803 genes, the expression of 15,067 genes as shown in the representative heat map was observed in pre-miR-17 and NC-pre-miR transfected RASFs. A total of 664 significantly modulated genes (301 upregulated and 363 downregulated) using Student ‘t’ test were further utilized for the IPA analysis. The result of IPA predicted the protein ubiquitin pathway as a major canonical pathway affected by the differentially regulated genes. Interestingly, IPA analysis generated an interactome that showed connectivity among various ubiquitin ligases, NF-ԟB family, AP-1/cJun, 20S and 26S proteasome system. Conclusion: Our results clearly shows the major pathways affected by miR-17 overexpression in RASFs were Protein ubiquitination related. mRNA profiles of pre-miR-17 and NC-pre-miR transfected RASFs were generated by AmpliSeq, in duplicate, using Ion Proton™ System.