Project description:Organismal ageing is associated with loss of immune function and higher incidence of cancer. Whether the γδ T cell pool changes upon organismal ageing is not known. In this study we have characterized γδ T cells in peripheral lymph nodes from old and young mice. We found that the γδ T cell pool is severely altered in old mice. The IL-17 producing γδ lineage becomes dominating while IFN-γ producing γδ1 T cells are declining. γδTCR sequencing revealed no collapse in diversity but oligoclonal expansions in Vγ4 γδ17 subsets. Pro-tumourigenic invariant Vγ6 cells are present only in aged lymph nodes, represent the majority of γδ T cells in the tumour, and are associated with faster tumour progression.
Project description:At variance with what is observed in mice, no distinct MAIT1 or MAIT17 subsets exist in human blood, as all MAIT cells express a variety of transcription factors such as Rorgt, Tbet, Eomes and Helios. However, they are also found in tissues in which they have specific effector functions. To determine these tissue programs, we analyzed the transcription pattern of MAIT cells as compared to mainstream memory (CD45RA-CD27+) CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from human blood and liver. The paired samples of blood and liver cells were obtained from patients operated for metastatic uveal melanoma (liver samples from a “healthy” liver fragment), and from the blood of healthy controls.
Project description:We have identified by RNA sequencing the molecular signaling pathways that are involved in skin tumor regression and that fail to happen in malignant not regressing skin tumors . mRNA profile from Keratoacanthoma tumors at 0 and 1 week post DMBA treatment was generated in duplicate for each timepoint analyzed
Project description:We used Illumina Small RNA and RNA-Seq kits to prepare both small RNA and RNA-Seq libraries from total RNA isolated from either leptotenze/zygotene or pachytene spermatocytes purified from either Dgcr8 or Dicer germline conditional knockout mice. Conditional knockout mice were generated by using a Ddx4 promoter to drive cre excision of either Dgcr8 or Dicer at embryonic day 18. Mixed leptotene/zygotene or pachytene spermatocytes were then isolated from the testis of adult conditional knockout mice, along with paired WT littermates as a control. RNA was isolated from these spermatocytes using Trizol. Small RNA or RNA-Seq libraries were then prepped using Illumina's sequencing library preparation kits.