ABSTRACT: Spermatogenesis is a recurring differentiation process that results in the production of male gametes within the testes. During this process, spermatogonial stem cells differentiate to form spermatocytes, which undergo two rounds of meiotic division to form haploid spermatids. Throughout spermiogenesis, round spermatids elongate to form mature sperm. To profile maturing germ cells during the first wave of spermatogenesis, we generated droplet-based single cell RNAseq from juvenile animals at post-natal day P5-P35 as well as adult animals. Cells were isolated from whole testes. Furthermore, to assay the robustness of the meiotic cell division process, we profiled germ cells of the trans-chromosomal mouse model (Tc1) that carries a copy of the human chromosome 21.
Project description:We used human embryonic stem cell-derived retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) to characterize the transcriptome of 1,174 cells at the single cell level. The human embryonic stem cell line BRN3B-mCherry A81-H7 was differentiated to RGCs using a guided differentiation approach. Cells were harvested at day 36 and incubated with THY1 antibody (Miltenyi) before undergoing FACS. THY1 positive and THY1 negative cells were subsequently prepared for single cell RNA sequencing. Single cell suspensions were loaded onto 10X Genomics Single Cell 3' Chips along with the reverse transcription master mix as per the manufacturer's protocol for the Chromium Single Cell 3' v2 Library (10X Genomics; PN-120233), to generate single cell gel beads in emulsion. Libraries were then sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq 2500.
Project description:We characterized single-cell transcriptional profiles of the cardiac non-myocyte cell pool in C57BL/6J mice. The cell preparation we sequenced consisted of metabolically active, nucleated non-myocyte cells from heart ventricles of female and male mice which were depleted of endothelial cells. The goals of this experiment included examining cellular diversity, identifying markers of understudied cell populations, exploring functional roles of different cell types, and characterizing sexual dimorphism in cardiac gene expression.
Project description:We report scRNA-seq data captured from 9,410 cells obtained from the skin of K14E7 transgenic and wildtype C57/BL6 mice. The K14E7 mouse model harbors the HPV16 E7 oncogene driven from a Keratin 14 promoter for keratinocyte-specific expression. We used scRNA-seq to detect and measure E7 transcription with unprecedented accuracy and resolution. With these data, we uncovered transcriptional differences between the individual cells; demonstrated that increased HPV16 E7 copy number is associated with increased expression of E7-induced genes; and showed that E7 expression is predominantly associated with basal keratinocytes.
Project description:We used the resolving power of single-cell transcriptional profiling to molecularly characterize the mouse adipose stem and progenitor cell-enriched, subcutaneous adipose stromal vascular fraction. We molecularly assessed CD45- CD31- SVF cells using the 10x Genomics Chromium (10x) platform.
Project description:We here systematically studied the interaction network of bone marrow cells. To this end, we micro-dissected many small interacting structures (cell doublets, triplets etc.) into single cells, and sequenced their mRNAs, to infer cell identity. After grouping the cells into cell types (based on the single-cell transcriptomes), we identified actual physical interactions that occurred more, or less, than what would be expected by chance. We compared the micro-dissected data to sorted hematopoietic stem cells. After mild dissociation of the bone marrow, we micro-dissected many small interacting structures (cell doublets, triplets etc.) into single cells, and sequenced their mRNAs. In addition, single hematopoietic stem cells were sorted (Lineage- Kit+ Sca1+ CD150+ CD48-) to sequence their transcriptome. In detail, the bone marrow was mildly flushed. Structures composed of about 10 to 20 cells were set apart. With needles and a micro-dissection microscope, we trimmed of smaller structures from these big structure. These smaller structures are mainly two to four cells attached together. These small structures were then further micro-dissected to single cells. The goal of doing these sequential dissections was to keep track of which cells were interacting with which. Each micro-dissected cell sample contains RNA-seq data for 96 single cells. Each single cells received a different barcode that allow us to entangle them, and to produce the processed .coutt.csv file. Each sorted hematopoietic stem cell sample represents a single cell. The processed data file expdata_BMJhscC.csv contains transcript counts for all analyzed cells.
Project description:We describe a so far uncharacterized, embryonic and self-renewing Neural Plate Border Stem Cell (NBSC) population with the capacity to differentiate into central nervous and neural crest lineages. NBSCs can be obtained by neural transcription factor-mediated reprogramming (BRN2, SOX2, KLF4, and ZIC3) of human adult dermal fibroblasts and peripheral blood cells (induced Neural Plate Border Stem Cells, iNBSCs) or by directed differentiation from human induced pluripotent stem cells (NBSCs). Moreover, human (i)NBSCs share molecular and functional features with primary Neural Plate Border Stem Cells (pNBSCs) isolated from neural folds of E8.5 mouse embryos. Here we provide single cell RNA-sequencing data of neural tissue derived from two E8.5 mouse embryos. After manual isolation and enzymatic separation E8.5 neural tissue was single cell sorted and RNA sequencing was performed following the Smart-seq2 protocol. In sum, cultured pNBSCs and E8.5 neural tube cells share a similar regional identity and expression signature suggesting that pNBSCs might correspond to an endogenous progenitor in this area of the developing brain.
Project description:We describe a so far uncharacterized, embryonic and self-renewing Neural Plate Border Stem Cell (NBSC) population with the capacity to differentiate into central nervous and neural crest lineages. NBSCs can be obtained by neural transcription factor-mediated reprogramming (BRN2, SOX2, KLF4, and ZIC3) of human adult dermal fibroblasts and peripheral blood cells (induced Neural Plate Border Stem Cells, iNBSCs) or by directed differentiation from human induced pluripotent stem cells (NBSCs). Moreover, human (i)NBSCs share molecular and functional features with an endogenous NBSC population isolated from neural folds of E8.5 mouse embryos. Upon differentiation, iNBSCs give rise to either (1) radial glia-type stem cells, dopaminergic and serotonergic neurons, motoneurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes or (2) cells from the neural crest lineage. Here we provide single cell RNA-sequencing data of two primary mouse Neural Plate Border Stem Cell Lines (pNBSCs). pNBSCs were single cell sorted and RNA sequencing was performed following the Smart-seq2 protocol. In sum, pNBSCs and iNBSCs share a similar regional identity, expression signature and analogous differentiation dynamics on the single-cell-level, suggesting the presence of a transient, NBSC-like progenitor during the neurulation stage of mouse and likely also human embryos.
Project description:We performed 3' single-cell RNA-seq using the 10X Genomics Chromium (version 1 chemistry) system on ~19,000 undifferentiated human IPSCs to explore the cellular heterogeneity of a seemingly homogeneous cell population.
Project description:Recently, RNA sequencing has achieved single cell resolution, but what is limiting is an effective way to routinely isolate and process large numbers of individual cells for in-depth sequencing, and to do so quantitatively. We have developed a droplet-microfluidic approach for parallel barcoding thousands of individual cells for subsequent RNA profiling by next-generation sequencing. This high-throughput method shows a surprisingly low noise profile and is readily adaptable to other sequencing-based assays. Using this technique, we analyzed mouse embryonic stem cells, revealing in detail the population structure and the heterogeneous onset of differentiation after LIF withdrawal. The reproducibility and low noise of this high-throughput single cell data allowed us to deconstruct cell populations and infer gene expression relationships. A total of 8 single cell data sets are submitted: 3 for mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells (1 biological replicate, 2 technical replicates); 3 samples following LIF withdrawal (days 2,4, 7); one pure RNA data set (from human lymphoblast K562 cells); and one sample of single K562 cells.
Project description:In this study we studied the presence of tumor cells that underwent epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition within polyoma middle T antigen (PyMT) breast tumors. For this we dissociated tumors and isolated Ecad positive tumor cells by FACS sorting. We confirmed that PyMT tumors contain a small set of tumor cells that have undergone EMT in the primary tumor and that E-cadherin can be used as a marker on single cell level for mesenchymal status in this model. We isolated primary tumors from mice, dissociated the tumors and FACS-sorted for single Ecad positive tumor cells, after this we performed single cell sequencing of the cells.