RNA-seq of mouse EL4 cells overexpressing Israa gene product in comparison with Mock-transfected control cells
ABSTRACT: Israa is an intron nested gene involved in the regulation of T-cell activation in mice. This experiment investigates the differential expression of genes in T-cell line overexpressing israa ORF compared to mock transfected cells
Project description:Background: Microorganisms are the major cause of food spoilage during storage, processing and distribution. Pseudomonas fluorescens is a typical spoilage bacterium that contributes to a large extent to the spoilage process of proteinaceous food. RpoS is considered an important global regulator involved in stress survival and virulence in many pathogens. Our previous work revealed that RpoS contributed to the spoilage activities of P. fluorescens by regulating resistance to different stress conditions, extracellular acylated homoserine lactone (AHL) levels, extracellular protease and total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) production. However, RpoS-dependent genes in P. fluorescens remained undefined. Results: RNA-seq transcriptomics analysis combined with quantitative proteomics analysis basing on multiplexed isobaric tandem mass tag (TMT) labeling was performed for the P. fluorescens wild-type strain UK4 and its derivative carrying a rpoS mutation. A total of 375 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 212 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified in these two backgrounds. The DGEs were further verified by qRT-PCR tests, and the genes directly regulated by RpoS were confirmed by 5’-RACE-PCR sequencing. The combining transcriptome and proteome analysis revealed a role of this regulator in several cellular processes, including polysaccharide metabolism, intracellular secretion and extracellular structures, cell well biogenesis, stress responses, ammonia and biogenic amine production, which may contribute to biofilm formation, stress resistance and spoilage activities of P. fluorescens. Moreover, in this work we indeed observed that RpoS contributed to the production of the macrocolony biofilm’s matrix.
Project description:Most B cell lymphomas arise in the germinal center (GC), where humoral immune responses evolve from potentially oncogenic cycles of mutation, proliferation, and clonal selection. Although lymphoma gene expression diverges significantly from GC-B cells, underlying mechanisms that alter the activities of corresponding regulatory elements (REs) remain elusive. Here we define the complete pathogenic circuitry of human follicular lymphoma (FL), which activates or decommissions transcriptional circuits from normal GC-B cells and commandeers enhancers from other lineages. Moreover, independent sets of transcription factors, whose expression is deregulated in FL, target commandeered versus decommissioned REs. Our approach reveals two distinct subtypes of low-grade FL, whose pathogenic circuitries resemble GC-B or activated B cells. Remarkably, FL-altered enhancers also are enriched for sequence variants, including somatic mutations, which disrupt transcription factor binding and expression of circuit-linked genes. Thus, the pathogenic regulatory circuitry of FL reveals distinct genetic and epigenetic etiologies for GC-B transformation. Expression profiles of follicular lymphoma, centrocyte and peripheral blood B cells were generated by deep sequencing, using Illumina Hi-Seq 2000.
Project description:The transcriptomes of three immortalized ovarian surface epithelial cell lines (iOSE, PMID: 17266044) and primary OSE cells (Innoprot, Derio, Spain) and four immortalized fallopian tube secretory epithelial (iFTE) cell lines (PMID: 21502498, 22936217) were compared. RNA-sequencing was done from rRNA depleted total RNA (Ribo-Zero rRNA Removal Kit) to approx. 20 million 50 bp paired end reads per sample. A discriminative gene expression signature comprised of 211 genes was developed and used to classify isolated and EpCAM enriched primary ovarian cancer cells (PMID: 25991672). Impact of this signature on overall survival was assessed from several publicly available ovarian cancer gene expression data sets. Background: High grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) is characterized by extensive local, i.e. peritoneal, tumor spread, manifested in two different clinical presentations, miliary (many millet sized peritoneal implants) and non-miliary (few large exophytically growing peritoneal nodes), and an overall unfavorable outcome. HGSOC is thought to arise from fallopian tube secretory epithelial cells, via so called serous tubal intraepithelial carcinomas (STICs) but an ovarian origin was never ruled out for at least some cases. Comparative transcriptome analyses of isolated tumor cells from fresh HGSOC tissues and (immortalized) ovarian surface epithelial and fallopian tube secretory epithelial cell lines revealed a close relation between putative origin and tumor spread characteristic, i.e. miliary from tubes and non-miliary from ovaries.
Project description:Mucor species belongs to the Mucorales order within the phylum Mucoromycota, an early diverging fungal lineage. The purpose of this study was to investigate at the transcriptome scale the similarities and differences that could be linked to different lifestyles. Five strains pertaining to five species were studied: M. fuscus and M. lanceolatus, two species used in cheese ripening, M. racemosus, a recurrent cheese spoiler sometimes described as an opportunistic pathogen, M. circinelloides, often described as an opportunistic pathogen and M. endophyticus, a plant endophyte species.
Project description:We deleted SLC2A5 using CRISPR-Cas9 technology in human lung cancer cell A549. Control A549 cells and A549 cells with SLC2A5 knockout were transplanted in balb/c nude mice. Then RNA-seq was performed in control A549 and SLC2A5 ablation A549 Xenografts.
Project description:RNAseq of coding RNA in Bacillus subtilis wildtype and deletion strain GP1971 genotype trpC2 ΔcspB::cat ΔcspD::aphA3 using rRNA depleted mRNA and Illumina TruSeq stranded mRNA libraries, sequenced on Illumina MiSeq system with 2 x 75nt in paired end mode shows that the lack of the cold shock proteins CspB and CspD affects the expression of about 20% of all genes and an increased read-through at transcription terminators suggesting that CspB and CspD might be involved in the control of transcription termination.
Project description:Broad-spectrum antibiotics are frequently prescribed to children. The period of early-childhood represents a time where the developing microbiota may be more sensitive to environmental perturbations, which thus might have long-lasting host consequences. We hypothesized that even a single early-life broad-spectrum antibiotic course at a therapeutic dose (PAT) leads to durable alterations in both the gut microbiota and host immunity. In C57BL/6 mice, a single early-life tylosin (macrolide) course markedly altered the intestinal microbiome, and affected specific intestinal T-cell populations and secretory IgA expression, but PAT-exposed adult dams had minimal immunologic alterations. No immunological effects were detected in PAT-exposed germ-free animals; indicating that microbiota are required for the observed activities. Together these results indicate the impact of a single therapeutic early-life antibiotic course altering the microbiota and modulating host immune phenotypes that persist long after exposure has ceased.
Project description:To monitor the global changes in gene expression of Staphylococcus aureus USA300 TCH1516 under exposure to the garlic compound Allicin by RNA-seq, cultivation was performed in shaking flasks in Luria Bertani (LB) medium in triplicate at 37C until cells have reached an optical density at 540nm of 2.0. Cells were harvested by centrifugation, washed with Belitsky minimal medium (BMM) and adapted to BMM for one hour before exposure to 300 M Allicin stress. S. aureus cells of 3 replicate experiments were harvested before and 30 min after exposure to 300 M Allicin and disrupted in 3 mM EDTA/ 200 mM NaCl lysis buffer with a Precellys24 Ribolyzer. RNA isolation was performed using the phenol-chloroform-isoamylalcohol approach. After precipitation with 3 M sodium acetate and isopropanol, the total RNA was washed with cold ethanol and the pellet was solved in sterile water. Initially RNA quality was checked by Trinean Xpose (Gentbrugge,Belgium) and Agilent RNA Nano 6000 kit on Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer (Agilent Technologies, Bblingen, Germany). Samples contaminated with DNA were treated with DNase (Qiagen), cleaned as described above and rechecked by Xpose and Agilent Bioanalyzer. Finally RNA was free of DNA with an RNA Integrity Number (RIN) > 9 and rRNA Ratio [23s / 16s] > 1.5. Ribo-Zero rRNA Removal Kit (Bacteria) from Illumina (San Diego, CA, USA) was used to remove the ribosomal RNA molecules from the isolated total RNA. Removal of rRNA was checked by Agilent RNA Pico 6000 kit on Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer (Agilent Technologies, Bblingen, Germany). RNA was free of detectable rRNA. TruSeq Stranded mRNA Library Prep Kit from Illumina (San Diego, CA, USA) was used to prepare cDNA libraries. The resulting cDNAs were sequenced paired end on an Illumina MiSeq system (San Diego, CA, USA) using 75 bp read length.