Differentially expressed genes during the potato-Rhizoctonia solani AG3 interaction
ABSTRACT: Differential analysis of the potato-Rhizoctonia solani AG3 interaction. Samples were extracted from R. solani inoculated potato sprouts at two time points. R. solani is one of the most prominent fungal pests of potato and therefore of great economic relevance.
Project description:To identify differently expressed proteins in tuber tissue of potato cultivars and diploid interspecific hybrids of Solanum, differing in resistance to Dickeya solani, comparative analysis was performed. Two highly resistant (Bea and Humalda) and three susceptible (Irys, Katahdin, Ulster Supreme) potato cultivars, as well as the highly resistant (DG 00-270) and the susceptible (DG 08-305) diploid clones, were studied. DG 00-270 exhibited higher resistance to D. solani than the cultivars Bea and Humalda. Proteins were extracted from wounded potato tubers inoculated with bacteria at an early symptomatic phase and from controls, i.e., intact tubers and wounded mock-inoculated tubers. Protein profiles were analyzed using nano-liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS/MS).
Project description:We present the first results of a high coverage Dual RNA-Seq experiment of an R. solani AG1-IB 7/3/14 and L. sativa interaction model with focus on the R. solani transcriptome. With this experiment it is our goal to expand the knowledge regarding the pathosystem L. sativa R. solani AG1-IB through the determination of genes, of pivotal importance for this interaction and who can therefore be seen as putative pathogenicity determinants of R. solani infection within this specific host species.
Project description:Gastrodia elata Blume (Orchidaceae) is an important Chinese medicine with several functional components. In the life cycle of G. elata, the orchid develops a symbiotic relationship with two compatible mycorrhizal fungi Mycena spp. and Armillaria mellea during seed germination to form vegetative propagation corm and vegetative growth to develop tubers, respectively. Gastrodin (p-hydroxymethylphenol-beta-D-glucoside) is the most important functional component in G. elata, and gastrodin significantly increases from vegetative propagation corms to tubers. To address the gene regulation mechanism in gastrodin biosynthesis in G. elata, a comparative analysis of de novo transcriptome sequencing among the vegetative propagation corms and tubers of G. elata and A. mellea was conducted using deep sequencing. Transcriptome comparison between the vegetative propagation corms and juvenile tubers of G. elata revealed 582 differentially expressed unigenes, of which 415 and 167 genes were, respectively up-regulated (fold-change ≥ 2, p-value < 0.05) and down-regulated (fold-change ≤ 0.5, p-value <0.05) in juvenile tubers. After Gene Ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses, forty-seven up-regulated unigenes with enzyme commission (EC) were assigned to 269 isogroups involved in 100 different pathways, and twenty-four down-regulated unigenes with enzyme commission (EC) were assigned to 586 isogroups, involved in 167 different pathways. The analysis of the isogroup genes from all pathways revealed that the two unigenes at locus 25,051 (one of monooxygenases) and locus 22,288 (one of glycosyltransferases) might participate in hydroxylation and glucosylation in the gastrodin biosynthetic pathway. The gene expression of the two unique unigenes encoding monooxygenase and glycosyltransferase significantly increases from vegetative propagation corms to tubers, and the molecular basis of gastrodin biosynthesis in the tubers of G. elata is proposed. Transcriptome comparative between vegetative propagation corms and tubers of G. elata, and between tubers of G. elata (symbiosis A. mellea) and A. mellea
Project description:Transcriptome Analysis of the potato (genotype RH89-039-16). To aid annotation and address a series of biological questions, we generated RNA-Seq data from 16 RH libraries representing all major tissue types, developmental stages and responses to abiotic and biotic stresses.
Project description:Systems responses of mature leaves from 4 reference cultivars of a larger collection of European potato cultivars (Solanum tuberosum L.) are investigated by metabolome profiling and RNA-Sequencing. The chosen reference cultivars, Milva, Alegria, Desiree, and Saturna, vary in ascending order in regard to drought tolerance. Systems analyses are based on 3 independent field trials and 3 paralleled greenhouse trials. Robust responses across all cultivars and conditions to natural seasonal drought stress comprise proline, raffinose, galactinol, arabitol, arabinonic acid, chlorogenic acid, and 102 transcripts which consist to a high proportion of heat shock proteins and genes with signaling or regulatory functions, such as a homolog of abscisic acid receptor PYL4. Constitutive differences of the tolerant cultivars, Desiree and Saturna, compared to the sensitive cultivars include arbutin (hydroquinone-beta-D-glucopyranoside), octopamine (p-hydroxyphenylethanolamine), ribitol and 248 differential transcripts. Many of these transcripts are disease related, receptor kinases, or regulatory genes, for example a homolog of the Arabidopsis FOUR LIPS MYB-regulator of stomatal cell proliferation. Functional enrichment analyses imply that heat stress is a major acclimation component of potato leaves to agronomical relevant drought stress. Enhanced leaf heat stress is a result of drought caused by loss of transpiration cooling. This effect and CO2-limitation are the main dilemmas of drought- or ABA-induced stomatal closure. Constitutive differences between tolerant and sensitive cultivars indicate partially synergistic interactions of drought and biotic stress responses. We suggest that drought tolerance of the potato reference cultivars may be caused by general resistance mechanisms which are part of previously selected pathogen tolerance. Transcriptome profiling by RNA-sequencing of 48 leaf samples from 4 potato cultivars grown under control or drought stress conditions in 6 independent experiments
Project description:The goal of the current research is to identify factors that involved with heat induced russeting of the potato tuber skin. Potato plants of the variety Desirèe were grown in pots filled with perlite, in a greenhouse under natural winter conditions (Nov 2005- Jan 2006, average temperatures range of 10-18°C). For the exposure of tubers to heat stress (H) hot water (33-35°C) was circulated in tubes lined at the internal side of the pots. The heat was applied one week before tubers harvest. Tubers were harvested at two time points: 8 weeks post sprouting and a week post mechanical vine killing. The skin (S) of young tubers was peeled by hand, as the remaining phelloderm (PH) layers, the periderm of young tubers (P) and the periderm of mature tubers (ST) were peeled using a scalpel blade. Leaves (L) and tuber flesh (TF) samples were collected as well. For each RNA sample 4 biological replicates were prepared; each one represents pooled tissues from 4-6 plants grown at different location in the greenhouse. RNA was extracted using CTAB protocol, and was further purified by RNeasy Mini Kit (Qiagen) using the On-Column DNase Digestion protocol. Keywords: Loop design 28 hybs total
Project description:Rhizoctonia solani is an economically important soil-borne necrotrophic fungal pathogen, with a broad host range and for which little effective resistance exists in crop plants. Arabidopsis is resistant to the R. solani AG8 isolate but susceptible to R. solani AG2-1. Affymetrix microarray analysis was performed to determine genes that are affected in common and specifically by AG8 and AG2-1. 3 biological samples were taken from 3 treatments: non-infected control, R. solani AG8 infection and R. solani AG2-1 infection.