ChIP-seq of Zic3 in ES-E14Tg2a embryonic stem cells after 2 days of differentiation to epiblast-like cells
ABSTRACT: Identification of Zic3 cistrome at ESC, d1EpiLC and d2EpiLC. ChIPmentaion experiments were performed using ZIC3 (Abcam, ab222124) antibody in the Rex1GFPd2 mouse embryonic stem cell line (ESC; parental line; E14Tg2a) and d1- and d2-EpiLC differentiated states.
Project description:Identification of Zic3-dependent transcriptome at d1EpiLC and d2EpiLC. Gene expression was studied in the presence or absence of Zic3 (RNAi) in the Rex1GFPd2 mouse embryonic stem cell line (parental line; E14Tg2a) in d1- and d2-EpiLC differentiated states.
Project description:Identification of open chromatin profiles at ESC, d1EpiLC and d2EpiLC. The accessible chromatin landscape of naive ESCs (Rex1GFPd2 mouse embryonic stem cell line; parental line; E14Tg2a) and their transition to EpiLCs over a two day period was determined using ATAC-seq.
Project description:In order to better understand the molecular basis for the heart defects seen in Zic3 null and epiblast CKO embryos, we investigated whether complete or epiblast-specific deletion of Zic3 would impact later embryonic heart development at the transcriptional level by whole genome expression microarray. The whole heart was carefully dissected out from 15.5 dpc Zic3 +/y, Zic3 flox/y, Zic3 flox/y; Sox2-cre, and Zic3 -/y embryos, total RNAs were extracted and purified using RNeasy Mini Kit (QIAGEN). Spectrophotometry (NanoDrop-1000 Spectrophotometer, Thermo Fisher Scientific) and microfluidic electrophoresis (Experion Automated Electrophoresis System, Bio-Rad Laboratories) were used for RNA quality control. In vitro transcription was performed using Illumina TotalPrep RNA Amplification Kit (Applied Biosystems/Ambion). cRNAs were hybridized onto Illumina MouseWG-6 v2.0 Expression BeadChips (Illumina) per manufacturer’s instructions.
Project description:Lineage specific transcription factors (TF) define and reinforce tissue specific cell types. For instance, stable endoderm progenitors were established from human ESC by constitutive expression of SOX7 or SOX17. We hypothesized that combinatorial expression of OCT4, SOX2 and KLF4 together with the neural-lineage TF, Zic3, could directly convert fibroblasts into stable neuronal progenitor cells (NPC). Ensuing colonies predominantly expressed genes present in human NPC, as demonstrated by genome wide transcriptional analysis, and this phenotype could be maintained through many passages. When injected in immunodeficient mice, Zic3-induced (Zi)NPC form neuroendocrine tumors without evidence of mesoderm or endoderm. In vitro, ZiNPC spontaneously differentiated to neural cells only, and could be differentiated into astrocytes, oligodendrocytes and motor neuron lineages. In conclusion, addition of Zic3 during induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) generation, allows for the derivation of stable neural lineage progenitor cells. 3 hESC, 3 hESC-derived neurosphere and 3 ZiNPC samples were analyzed
Project description:Zic3 regulates early embryonic patterning in vertebrates. Its loss-of-function disrupts gastrulation, left-right patterning, and neurogenesis. We use the zebrafish as a model to study the developmental role of Zic3 in vivo. Using a combination of two genomics approaches – ChIP-seq and microarray, we identified Zic3 targets, which include genes from the Nodal and Wnt pathways, and show for the first time cis-regulation of these genes by Zic3 using in vivo enhancer assay. We uncovered a previously unrecognized link between Zic3 and the non-canonical Wnt pathway in gastrulation and left-right patterning, and identified neural pre-pattern genes as Zic3 targets during the early steps of neural induction. Zic3 preferably binds to distal intergenic regions, some of which contain evolutionarily conserved functional enhancers. Our study establishes the zebrafish as an excellent model for genome-wide study of a transcription factor in vivo. Zic3 ChIP of wild type and sqet33 transgenic