Transcriptomics study of the effect of stress and Nitric oxide synthase inhibition in a mouse model of breast cancer
ABSTRACT: We describe the effects of restraint stress in presence or absence of an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase on metastasis formation in lungs of in vivo syngeneic model of mouse breast cancer analysed by whole genome expression microarrays
Project description:We investigated the effects of cholesterol on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in diethylnitrosamine-injected mice fed high-fat high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet versus high-fat (HF) alone. mRNA microarray analysis was applied for expressional aberrations.
Project description:Profiling of proteolytic events mouse kidneys during cisplatin-induced kidney damage. Kidneys from vehicle-treated mice are compared to cisplatin-treated mice and cisplatin treatment in animals preconditioned by hypoxia or calory restriction regimes.
Project description:We describe the changes in gene expression profile of differentiating rat CG4 oligodendrocyte progenitor cell lines treated with either vitamin D2 or D3. The treatment was initiated in cells pre-differentiated for 2 days (time 0) and the changes in gene expression were monitored at 24 h and 72 h post-treatment.
Project description:The cell differentiation potential of 13-cis retinoic acid (RA) has not succeeded in the clinical treatment of glioblastoma (GBM) so far. However, RA may also induce the expression of disistance genes such as HOXB7 which can be suppressed by Thalidomide (THAL). Therefore, we tested if combined treatment with RA+THAL may inhibit growth of glioblastoma in vivo. Treatment with RA+THAL but not RA or THAL alone significantly inhibited tumour growth. The synergistic effect of RA and THAL was corroborated by the effect on proliferation of glioblastoma cell lines in vitro. HOXB7 was not upregulated but microarray analysis validated by real-time PCR identified four potential resistance genes (IL-8, HILDPA, IGFBPA, and ANGPTL4) whose upregulation by RA was suppressed by THAL. Furthermore, genes coding for small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNA) were identified as a target for RA for the first time, and their upregulation was maintained after combined treatment. Pathway analysis showed upregulation of the Ribosome pathway and downregulation of pathways associated with proliferation and inflammation. Combined treatment with RA + THAL delayed growth of GBM xenografts and suppressed putative resistance genes associated with hypoxia and angiogenesis. This encourages further pre-clinical and clinical studies of this drug combination in GBM. The purpose was to study differential gene expression in glioblastoma xenografts after treatment with 13-cis retinoic acid (RA), thalidomide (Thal) or a combination of both drugs.
Project description:Polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (poly I:C) is a synthetic analogue of double-stranded (ds)RNA, a molecular pattern associated with viral infections, that is used to exacerbate inflammation in lung injury models. Despite its frequent use, there are no detailed studies of the responses elicited by a single topical administration of poly I:C to the lungs of mice. Our data provides the first demonstration that the molecular responses in the airways induced by poly I:C correlate to those observed in the lungs of COPD patients. These expression data also revealed three distinct phases of response to poly I:C, consistent with the changing inflammatory cell infiltrate in the airways. Poly I:C induced increased numbers of neutrophils and NK cells in the airways, which were blocked by CXCR2 and CCR5 antagonists, respectively. Using gene set variation analysis on representative data sets, gene sets defined by poly I:C-induced DEGs were enriched in the molecular profiles of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but not idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients. Collectively, these data represent a new approach for validating the clinical relevance of preclinical animal models and demonstrate that a dual CXCR2/CCR5 antagonist may be an effective treatment for COPD patients. Temporal genomic characterization of lung homogenate from male BALB/cJ mice treated intranasally with poly I:C or saline was carried out at 7 timepoints post poly I:C/saline adiministration (2, 6, 24, 48, 72, 96, 168 hours). Mice were anesthetized with isoflurane and intranasally (i.n.) administered saline or poly I:C (InvivoGen, San Diego, CA) at a sub-maximal dose of 30 µg in 50 µl sterile saline. For time course studies, the 30 µg was administered i.n. once and assessed from 2 – 168 hours. Total RNA was isolated from the mouse lung tissue of poly I:C and saline treated mice across 7 time points (2, 6, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 168 hours, n=6 per group) and homogenized in QIAzol reagent. Purified total RNA was amplified and labeled using NuGen Ovation kits (NuGEN Technologies, Inc., San Carlos, CA) and RNA from samples was hybridized to Affymetrix Mouse 430 2.0 arrays.
Project description:An in-vivo experiment with UV-B exposure of the skin of nude, male mice, with and without human-derived p53 variants in their genome to investigate the cellular responses upon UV-induced DNA damage. Essentially, 4 replicate mice were used for each level of UV-exposure. For each mouse a biopsy of the skin was sampled 5-6 times at different recovery time points after UV-pulse exposure, which resulted in paired samples. In total 132 treated and 132 untreated samples were taken from 64 male mice. 264 skin biopsies were taken from 48 mice on 10 timepionts and for 3 different UV-B doses. 3 different genotypes of mice were used, Wild-type (WT; p53+/+), p5372R/72R, and p5372P/72P. Later, it was determined that eight samples came from female mice instead of male mice. Therefore, the eight samples were excluded further analyses (no processed data were generated from these arrays).
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE24829: Gene expression data from striatal regions of MPTP-intoxicated mouse brain by acupuncture GSE24830: Gene expression data from cervical spinal cord regions of MPTP-intoxicated mouse by acupuncture Refer to individual Series
Project description:Acupuncture at acupoints GB34 and LR3 has been reported to inhibit nigrostriatal degeneration in parkinsonism models, yet the genes related to this preventive effect of acupuncture on the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system remain elusive. We investigated gene expression profile changes in the striatal region of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced parkinsonism models after acupuncture at the acupoints GB34 and LR3 C57BL/6 mice were divided into four experimental groups; ① C: Control, ② M: MPTP-treatment only, ③ MA: MPTP- and acupuncture-treatment at acupoints GB34 and LR3, ④ MNA: MPTP- and acupuncture-treatment at non-acupoints. Total RNA was isolated from two brains' striatal regions of each experimental group (4 experimental group × 2 samples of each experimental group = total 8 samples).
Project description:It has been shown that acupuncture at acupoints GB34 and LR3 inhibits the degeneration of nigrostriatal neurons in an 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of Parkinson’s disease. This preventative effect of peripheral acupuncture stimulation is hypothesized to be transmitted through the spinal cord to the nigrostriatal neurons. The gene expression profile changes following acupuncture at the acupoints were investigated in the cervical spinal cord of an MPTP-induced parkinsonism model using an Affymetrix genechip mouse gene 1.0 ST array. C57BL/6 mice were divided into four experimental groups; ① C: Control, ② M: MPTP-treatment only, ③ MA: MPTP- and acupuncture-treatment at acupoints GB34 and LR3, ④ MNA: MPTP- and acupuncture-treatment at non-acupoints. Total RNA was isolated from the cervical spinal cord regions of each experimental group (4 experimental group × 2 samples of each experimental group = total 8 samples).