Characterization of the difference of mRNA and lncRNA profiling between cisplatin-resistance and regular T24 bladder cancer cells
ABSTRACT: To investigate the difference of mRNA and lncRNA profiling between cisplatin-resistance and regular T24 bladder cancer cells, T24 cells were treated with a gradual increment (4, 8, 16, 32, 64 ug/ml cisplatin) with a discontinuous period until cells recover. 10^6 cells T24R and T24 cells were harvested for RNA-seq.
Project description:The established cell lines RT4, 5637 and T24 from human bladder TCC were obtained from the Cell Bank of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The 5637 cells harbor two TP53 mutations, at codon 72 (Arg . Pro) and codon 280 (Arg . Thr).T24 cells contain a TP53 allele encoding an in-frame deletion of tyrosine 126. Both cell lines were established from high-grade bladder tumors. No specific mutations were detected in RT4 cells, which had been established from a low-grade papillary bladder tumor. The RT4 and T24 cell lines were maintained in Dulbeccos modified Eagles medium (Sigma-Aldrich, Inc, St Louis, MO, USA), and the 5637 cells were kept in Roswell Park Memorial Institute medium (Sigma-Aldrich). Both media were supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (Cultilab Ltd, Campinas, Brazil), 100 U/mL penicillin G (Sigma-Aldrich), 100 U/mL streptomycin (Sigma-Aldrich) and 1% kanamycin sulfate (Amresco, Branded Products Group, Solon, OH, USA); cells were cultured at 37ºC in an atmosphere of 5% CO2. A pooled reference design was chosen. More specifically, each array was hybridized with the same reference sample labeled with Cy5, while the experimental samples (control or treated) were labeled with Cy3.
Project description:We report genome wide mapping of the histone variant H2A.Z during G0/G1 and mitosis in T24 bladder cancer cells. The results show that the broad enrichment pattern of H2A.Z near transcription start sites of active genes is maintained during mitosis. Furthermore, using H2A.Z localization to visualize nucleosome positioning near the start site, we see that the +1 nucleosome of active genes shifts upstream to occupy the transcription start sites during mitosis and the nucleosome depleted region is shortened. H2A.Z is also maintained on the -2 nucleosome which also shifts towrds the transcription start site during mitosis, further contributing to the shorteneing of the nucleosome depleted region. Examination of H2A.Z duing G0/G1 and mitosis in bladder cancer cells
Project description:We aimed to clarify the role of miR-200b in cisplatin (CDDP) sensitivity in bladder cancer (BCa). CDDP resistant T24 cells (T24RC) were transfected with a miR mimic negative control (NC) or a miR-200b mimic, after which cells were treated with or without CDDP. We found that ectopic miR-200b expression re-sensitized the T24RC cells to CDDP. Gene expression microarray analysis revealed that the combination of miR-200b and CDDP affected genes involved in CDDP sensitivity and cytotoxicity. Overall design: CDDP resistant T24 cells (T24RC) were transfected with a miR mimic negative control (NC) or a miR-200b mimic using Lipofectamine RNAiMAX and incubated for 72 h. Transfectants were then treated with or without 1.6 μg/ml of CDDP for additional 72 h. Total RNA was extracted using a TRI Reagent.
Project description:Advanced bladder cancer is treated mainly with gemcitabine and cisplatin, but most patients eventually become resistance to these chemotherapeutic agents. Androgen receptor (AR) signaling has been implicated in bladder cancer as well as other types of cancer including prostate cancer. In the present study, we showed the expression and role of AR in gemcitabine-resistant bladder cancer cells and examined the potential of enzalutamide, an AR inhibitor, as a therapeutic for the chemoresistance. First of all, we established gemcitabine-resistant T24 cells (T24GR) from T24 bladder cancer cells and performed gene expression profiling and network analysis, which revealed increased AR expression and AR-related gene network in T24GR cells. Quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analysis confirmed increased expression of AR in T24GR cells compared with parental T24 cells, which was associated with more potent transcriptional activity of AR in T24GR cells. The number of AR gene copy in T24GR cells was twice as many as that of T24 cells. Knockdown of AR expression by siRNA resulted in inhibition of proliferation of T24GR cells. Cell culture in charcoal-stripped serum and treatment with enzalutamide also inhibited growth of T24GR cells, which was accompanied by cell cycle arrest. Lastly, the AR transcriptional activity was found to be reduced in T24GR cells by enzalutamide treatment. Our results suggest that blockade of AR signaling by enzalutamide might be effective for patients with advanced gemcitabine-resistant bladder cancer with increased AR expression. Overall design: T24 human bladder cancer cell line was obtained from RIKEN Cell Bank (Tsukuba, Japan).
Project description:This study conducted comprehensive and comparative lipidomic profiling of two isogenic human T24 bladder cell lines, which are characterized as sensitive or resistant to the cisplatin-induced cell apoptosis.
Project description:The study objective was to propose molecular mechanisms of action of the histone deacetylase inhibitor vorinostat. In the PRAVO phase 1 study, patients that were scheduled to receive pelvic palliative radiation to 30 Gy in 3-Gy fractions for gastrointestinal carcinoma, were enrolled onto four sequential dose levels of vorinostat, starting at 100 mg daily with dose escalation in increments of 100 mg. Endpoints included treatment safety and tolerability, tumor response, and biological activity of vorinostat. For the purpose of identifying biomarkers of vorinostat action, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, representing normal tissue exposed to vorinostat, were used. The samples were collected, one at baseline and two on-treatment samples. The time points for sample collection were chosen based on our previous data from experimental colorectal carcinoma models exposed to vorinostat, demonstrating that the maximum tumor histone acetylation 2-3 hours after drug exposure was restored to baseline after 24 hours. In PRAVO study patients, tumor histone hyperacetylation was observed 3 hours after vorinostat administration. From the 17 patients enrolled onto the PRAVO study, a full set of three samples was obtained from 14 individuals: one baseline sample collected prior to commencement of vorinostat treatment (T0), and two on-treatment samples collected 2 and 24 hours after the patient had received the preceding daily dose of vorinostat (T2 and T24). Individual vorinostat dose levels were 100 mg (D100), 200 mg (D200), 300 mg (D300), or 400 mg (D400).
Project description:The aim of the present study was to identify novel DNA methylation markers in bladder cancer (BCa) through genome-wide profiling of bladder cancer cell lines and subsequent MSP screening in urine samples. Experimental Design: MBD methylCap/seq was carried out to screen differentially methylated CpG islands using two BCa cell lines (5637 and T24) and two normal bladder mucosa (BM) samples. The top one hundred most hypermethylated targets were screened using Methylation Specific PCR (MSP) in small and big cohort of urine samples from BCa patients and normal controls. The diagnostic performance of the gene panel was further evaluated in different clinical scenarios. Results: In total, 1,627 gene promoter regions hypermethylated in BCa cell line were identified in genomic level methylation profiling. The followed screening procedure in clinical urine sample generated eight genes (VAX1, KCNV1, ECEL1, TMEM26, TAL1, PROX1, SLC6A20, and LMX1A) capable of differentiating BCa from normal control. Subsequent validation in a large sample size enabled the optimisation of 5 methylation targets (VAX1, KCNV1, TAL1, PPOX1 and CFTR) for BCa diagnosis with sensitivity and specificity of 86.32% and 87.13%, respectively. In addition, VAX1 and LMX1A methylation could predict the tumour recurrence. Conclusions: Tumor specific biomarkers of BCa could be established by first performing genome level methylation profiling with cell lines and then screening the potential targets in urine samples. The panel of methylated genes identified was promising for the early non-invasive detection and surveillance of BCa. MBD methylCap/seq was carried out to screen differentially methylated CpG islands using two BCa cell lines (5637 and T24), and two normal bladder tissue mix as control.
Project description:Comparison of gene expression between L. reuteri ATCC 55730 in LDMIII between early log phase (T8), late log phase (T12) or early stationary phase phase (T16) or late stationary phase (T24) Include 3 biological replicate and dye-swap for each comparison. Reference time point =T8