Transcriptomics

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The tomato MYB21 acts in ovules to mediate jasmonate-regulated fertility (RNASeq)


ABSTRACT: The function of the plant hormone jasmonic acid (JA) in development of tomato flowers was analyzed with a mutant defective in JA perception (jasmonate-insensitive1-1, jai1-1). In contrast to Arabidopsis JA-insensitive plants that are male sterile, the tomato mutant jai1-1 exhibits major defects in female development resulting in female sterility. To identify putative JA-dependent regulatory components, transcriptomics was performed using isolated ovules of three different stages of flower development, from both wild type and jai1-1. Among the strongly down-regulated genes in jai1-1, one encoding a MYB transcription factor (SlMYB21) was found. Its orthologue in Arabidopsis has a crucial role in JA-regulated stamen development. SlMYB21 showed transcription factor activity in yeast, interaction with SlJAZ9 in yeast and in planta, and complemented the Arabidopsis mutant myb21-5. To analyze SlMYB21 function in tomato ovule development, CRISPR/Cas9 mutants were created and a TILLING mutant was identified, all showing female sterility and therefore corroborating a function of MYB21 in tomato ovule development. Transcriptomics from wild type, jai1-1 and myb21-2 carpels revealed processes that might be controlled by SlMYB21. The data suggest a positive regulation of JA biosynthesis by SlMYB21, but a negative regulation of the action of auxin and GA. The results demonstrate that SlMYB21 mediates at least partially the action of JA and might control the flower to fruit transition.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina HiSeq 2500

ORGANISM(S): Solanum lycopersicum  

SUBMITTER: Bettina Hause   Ramona Schubert   Bendikt Athmer  

PROVIDER: E-MTAB-7545 | ArrayExpress | 2019-11-05

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): ERP112952

REPOSITORIES: ArrayExpress, ENA

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The function of the plant hormone jasmonic acid (JA) in the development of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) flowers was analyzed with a mutant defective in JA perception (jasmonate-insensitive1-1, jai1-1). In contrast with Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) JA-insensitive plants, which are male sterile, the tomato jai1-1 mutant is female sterile, with major defects in female development. To identify putative JA-dependent regulatory components, we performed transcriptomics on ovules from flowers at  ...[more]

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