Transcriptomic analysis by AmpliSeq Ion Torrent to to understand the role of LKB1 and PARD3 in Glioblastoma biology
ABSTRACT: The aim of this work was to elucidate the role of LKB1/STK11 and PARD3 in glioblastoma multiforme cells. For this we silenced the expression of these proteins using specific siRNA in two different patient-derived glioblastoma stem cells, U3031MG and U3034MG, then we analysed how the knock-down of these genes affects gene expression using Ion torrent AmpliseqTM.
Project description:TGFB2-AS1 is a long non-coding RNA which is induced by ΤGFβ signaling. In order to assess the importance of TGFB2-AS1 on the regulation of gene expression, we performed an AmpliSeq transcriptomic array in human keratinocytes (HaCaT), which stably over-express TGFB2-AS1 or control pcDNA3 empty vector. In addition, cells were stimulated with TGFβ1 for 24 hours, in order to observe the effects of TGFB2-AS1 on gene expression, downstream of TGFβ signaling. RNA from the following four conditions was used in this experiment: 1) pcDNA3, 2) pcDNA3+TGFβ1, 3) pcDNA3-TGFB2-AS1, 4) pcDNA3-TGFB2-AS1+TGFβ1. Biological triplicates were used per condition.
Project description:Estrogens receptor a (ERα) is essential for breast tumors,since about seventy percent of breast cancers are detected as ERα positive.Recent studies suggest that ERα is related with the epithelial cell morphology. Recently, it has demonstrated that the suppression of ERα induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the MCF-7 breast cacner cells. Interestingly, the loss of ERa resulted in strong differences on the gene expression profile of a variety of genes. Therefore, the aim of the RNA-seq is to elucidate the effect of the silencing of ERα on the mRNA levels of a larger variety of genes, thus revealing possible target genes which may be implicated on the aggressive phenotype and behavior of the ERα-suppresed MCF-7/SP10+ breast cancer cells. For this reason total RNA from both MCF-7/SP10+ cells and of their internal control MCF-7/C cells was extracted in 3 biological replicates and 3 technical replicates.
Project description:Analysis of CGTH-W-1 follicular thyroid carcinoma cells transcriptome following 48 hrs siRNA-mediated depletion of PROX1. PROX1 is a homeobox transcription factor. PROX1 depletion decreases migratory ability, motility and invasivness and induces profound cytoskeleton changes of CGTH-W-1 cells. Results provide insight into the role of PROX1 in the thyroid cancer. Three biological replicates for a given condition
Project description:Genetic heterogeneity can provide tumors with opportunities for therapy evasion, however the degree of genetic heterogeneity within metastatic melanomas has not been thoroughly investigated. We therefore isolated DNA from different regions of formalin fixed paraffin embedded metastatic melanoma tissue samples and subjected them to amplicon sequencing-based profiling of mutations in a panel of well known cancer genes using the Ion Ampliseq Cancer Panel.
Project description:To test whether the addition of a peptide nucleic acid (PNA) clamp, which binds WT KRAS at codon 12, can increase the efficacy of mutation detection for KRASG12D within a targeted NGS setting. We tested the effect of clamping the wild-type KRAS sequence in a reference standard (Tru-Q 7, 1.3% Tier from Horizon Diagnostics, Cambridge, UK) with a KRAS c.35G>A mutation (KRASG12D) at an allelic frequency (AF) of 1.3% assessed by digital droplet PCR (ddPCR). We then re-tested the PNA on circulating-free DNA from a patient harbouring a KRASG12D mutation (at an AF of 3.2%, determined by ddPCR). Multiple runs were conducted using 10, 5, 2.5 and 1ng of DNA input.
Project description:Expression profiles of 917 pathway repoter genes were determined by AmpliSeq-RNA in primary human hepatocytes treated with Diclofenac and a test compound 3 hours after treatment. Vehicle control, diclofenac, and three doses of the test compound (small-molecule neurotransmitter receptor antagonist) were applied to three primary cell lines, with three biological replicates in each group. In some treatment groups read-outs were only available for two samples. All together 41 samples were profiled.
Project description:PR-SET7-mediated histone-4 lysine-20 methylation has been implicated in mitotic condensation, DNA damage response and replication licencing. Here we show that PR-SET7 function in the liver is pivotal for maintaining genome integrity. Hepatocyte-specific deletion of PR-SET7 in mouse embryos resulted in G2 arrest followed by massive cell death and defect in liver organogenesis. Inactivation at postnatal stages caused cell duplication-dependent hepatocyte necrosis with unusual features of autophagy, termed "endonucleosis". Necrotic death was accompanied by inflammation, fibrosis and compensatory growth induction of neighboring hepatocytes and resident ductal progenitor cells. Prolonged necrotic-regenerative cycles coupled with oncogenic STAT3 activation replaced pre-existing hepatocytes with hepatocellular carcinoma derived entirely from ductal progenitor cells. Hepatocellular carcinoma in these mice displays a cancer stem cell gene signature specified by the co-expression of ductal progenitor markers and oncofetal genes. Mice carrying hepatocyte specific inactivation of PR-SET7 were generated in order to investigate the function of PR-SET7 histone methyl transferase in liver organogenesis, hepatocyte proliferation and liver regeneration. P15 WT mice were injected intra-peritoneally (ip) with 25ml per kg DEN (diethyl nitrosamine). Mice were examined for RNA expression at 8 months old.
Project description:Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) is formed by heterogeneous ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament. The patho-mechanism of OPLL is still largely unknown. Recently, disorders of metabolism are thought to be the center of many diseases such as OPLL. Advanced glycation end product (AGE) are accumulated in many extracellular matrixes such as ligament fibers, and it can functions as cellular signal through its receptor (RAGE), contributing to various events such as atherosclerosis or oxidative stress. However, its role in OPLL formation is not yet known. Therefore, we performed high-through-put RNA sequencing on primary posterior longitudinal ligament cells treated with different doses of AGEs (1µM, 5µM and negative control), with or without BMP2 (1µM). mRNA profiles of Primary human posterior longitudinal ligament cells stimulated with various stimuli (Control, 1µM AGE-BSA, 5µM AGE-BSA, 1µM AGE-BSA with BMP2, 5µM AGE-BSA with BMP2) were generated by deep sequencing on Ion Proton