ChIP-seq for H3K27ac in the GR18 cell line treated for 1.5 h with 1 µM dexamethasone
ABSTRACT: We performed ChIP-seq in the GR18 cell line (derived from U2OS ATTC:HTB-96, stably transfected with an expression construct for GR), upon glucocorticoid (dexamethasone)treatment for 90 minutes. Cells were cross-linked with 1% formaldehyde for 3 minutes.
Project description:We performed ATAC-seq in the GR18 cell line (derived from U2OS ATTC:HTB-96, stably transfected with an expression construct for GR), upon glucocorticoid (dexamethasone) or vehicle (ethanol) treatment for 90 minutes.
Project description:To identify the genes regulated by the Glucocorticoid Receptor (GR), we performed RNA-seq in GR18 cell line (derived from U2OS ATTC:HTB-96, stably transfected with an expression construct for GR), upon glucocorticoid (dexamethasone) or vehicle (ethanol) treatment.
Project description:To identify the genes regulated by the Glucocorticoid Receptor (GR), we performed RNA-seq in GR18 cell line (derived from U2OS ATTC:HTB-96, stably transfected with an expression construct for GR), upon glucocorticoid (dexamethasone) or vehicle (ethanol) treatment for 24 hours.
Project description:We performed STARR-seq with synthetic libraries (synSTARR-seq) in GR18 cell line (derived from U2OS ATTC:HTB-96, stably transfected with an expression construct for GR), upon glucocorticoid (dexamethasone) or vehicle (ethanol) treatment. The synthetic libraries are variants of the glucocorticoid receptor binding sites (GBS). The "GBS half site" library contains 8 consecutive randomized nucleotides within the core binding sites, while the "Cgt/Sgk library" contains 5 consecutive randomized nucleotides on the flank of the GBS.
Project description:Single-cell whole-transcriptome analysis is a powerful tool for quantifying gene expression heterogeneity in populations of cells. Many techniques have, thus, been recently developed to perform transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) on individual cells. To probe subtle biological variation between samples with limiting amounts of RNA, more precise and sensitive methods are still required. We adapted a previously developed strategy for single-cell RNA-Seq that has shown promise for superior sensitivity and implemented the chemistry in a microfluidic platform for single-cell whole transcriptome analysis. In this approach, single cells are captured and lysed in a microfluidic device, where mRNAs with poly(A) tails are reverse-transcribed into cDNA. Double-stranded cDNA is then collected and sequenced using a next-generation sequencing platform. We prepared 94 libraries consisting of single mouse embryonic cells and technical replicates of extracted RNA and thoroughly characterized the performance of this technology. Microfluidic implementation increased mRNA detection sensitivity as well as improved measurement precision compared with tube-based protocols. With 0.2M reads per cell, we were able to reconstruct a majority of the bulk transcriptome with 10 single cells. We also quantified variation between and within different types of mouse embryonic cells and found that enhanced measurement precision, detection sensitivity, and experimental throughput aided the distinction between biological variability and technical noise. With this work, we validated the advantages of an early approach to single-cell RNA-Seq and showed that the benefits of combining microfluidic technology with high-throughput sequencing will be valuable for large-scale efforts in single-cell transcriptome analysis. We investigated gene expression in mouse embryonic cells using microfluidic-facilitated RNA-Seq to analyze 56 single mouse ES cell (mESC) transcriptomes and 6 single mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) transcriptomes. To quantitatively evaluate the sensitivity and precision of our technique, we also sequenced 23 libraries from extracted mESC RNA, representing three sets of technical replicates with varying starting amounts of material.
Project description:We identified genome-wide binding patterns of CIC in several different cell types and find that CIC target genes are enriched for MAPK effector genes involved in cell cycle regulation and proliferation. CIC binding to its target genes is abolished by high MAPK activity, which leads to hyperacetylation and their transcriptional activation. Inhibition of MAPK signaling via MEK inhibition leads to recruitment of CIC to its target genes. Expression data of G144 cells after MEK inhibition and CIC knockout is available under accession E-MTAB-6681
Project description:We report changes in GR and Pol II binding profiles genome-wide upon treatment with corticosterone (Cort) for 20 minutes, treatment with Cort for 20 minutes followed by hormone withdrawal for 40 minutes, 60 minutes continuous stimulation with Cort, and 60 minutes continuous stimulation with Dexamethasone (Dex). We examine GR binding upon following treatments: 0' Cort, 20' Cort, 60' Cort Pulsed, 60' Cort Constant; Pol II binding upon following treatments: 0' Cort, 20' Cort, 60' Cort Pulsed, 60' Cort Constant, 60' Dex Constant; Pol II binding upon Mock treatments simulating 0' Cort, 20' Cort, 60' Cort Pulsed, 60' Cort Constant; CTCF binding profile of untreated cells.
Project description:We generated a genome-wide map of candidate enhancers from the maxillary arch (primordium for the upper jaw) of mouse embryos Examination of histone modification H3K27ac (distinguishes active enhancers from inactive enhancer elements) in the maxillary arch tissue
Project description:Enhancers play a central role in cell-type-specific gene expression and are marked by H3K4me1/2. Active enhancers are further marked by H3K27ac. However, the methyltransferases responsible for the deposition of H3K4me1/2 on enhancers remain elusive. Furthermore, the functions of these methyltransferases on enhancers and associated cell-type-specific gene expression are poorly understood. Here, we identify MLL4 (KMT2D) as a major H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase in mammalian cells. Using adipogenesis and myogenesis as model systems, we show that MLL4 exhibits cell-type- and differentiation-stage-specific genomic binding and is predominantly localized on enhancers. MLL4 co-localizes with lineage-determining transcription factors (TFs) on active enhancers during differentiation. Deletion of MLL4 dramatically decreases H3K4me1/2 and H3K27ac on enhancers and leads to severe defects in cell-type-specific gene expression and cell differentiation. Finally, we provide evidence that lineage-determining TFs recruit and require MLL4 to establish enhancers critical for cell-type-specific gene expression. Together, these results identify MLL4 as an H3K4 mono-/di-methyltransferase required for enhancer activation during cell differentiation. ChIP-Seq analyses of histone modifications (H3K4me1, H3K4me2, H3K4me3, and H3K27ac) at D0 (day 0) and D2 (day 2) of adipogenesis in WT (MLL3-/-) and MLL4 KO (MLL3-/-;MLL4-/-) brown preadipocytes.
Project description:ChIP sequencing was used to generate genome-wide maps of the histone mark H3K27ac during in vitro differentiation of a murine brown preadipocyte cell line (IBA) at five different time points, in two biological replicates: Day 0 (confluence), 2h (post induction), Day 1, Day 2 and Day 4 (mature brown adipocytes). Additionally, transcription factor (TF) localisation maps of the Nuclear Factor 1 (NFI) were generated using ChIP sequencing at two time points: Day 0 and Day 4.