Project description:To determine the ability of HNF4A and GATA6 to drive open chromatin formation, either HNF4A or GATA6 were overexpressed in normal oesophageal Het1A cells and ATAC-seq was performed.
Project description:The human iPSC line H19101 was differentiated in vitro into cardiomyocytes using a 20-day differentiation protocol (Burridge et al. 2014 PMID 24930130 and Montefiori et al 2018 PMID 29988018 ). 50,000 cardiomyocytes were used in each ATAC-seq experiment. 8 replicates were pooled to obtain the final peak file.
Project description:Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) have been successful in yielding >60 loci for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). However, it is known that GWAS just reports genomic signals and not necessarily the precise localization of culprit genes, with eQTL efforts only able to infer causality to a minority of such loci. Thus, we sought to carry out physical and direct ‘variant to gene mapping’ by integrating results from high-throughput chromatin conformation capture and ATAC-seq assays. This experiment refers to the ATAC-seq part of our work. To determine informative proxy SNPs for each of the SLE GWAS sentinel loci, we generated ATAC-seq open chromatin maps for primary human T Follicular Helper (TFH) cells from tonsils of healthy volunteers (3 biological replicates), a model relevant to SLE as TFH operate upstream of the activation of pathogenic autoantibody-producing B cells during the disease. We also generated open chromatin maps for naive CD4-positive helper T cells (3 biological replicates).
Project description:Activated T cells differentiate into functional subsets which require distinct metabolic programs. Glutaminase (GLS) converts glutamine to glutamate to provide substrate for the tricarboxylic acid cycle and epigenetic reactions and here we identify a key role for GLS in T cell activation and specification. Though GLS-deficiency diminished T cell activation, proliferation and impaired differentiation of Th17 cells, loss of GLS also increased Tbet and Interferon-γ expression and CD4 Th1 and CD8 CTL effector cell differentiation. These changes were mediated by differentially altered gene expression and chromatin accessibility, leading to increased sensitivity of Th1 cells to IL-2 mediated mTORC1 signaling. In vivo, GLS-null T cells failed to drive a Th17 mediated Graft-vs-Host Disease model. Transient inhibition of GLS, however, increased Th1 and CTL T cell numbers in viral and chimeric antigen receptor models. Glutamine metabolism thus has distinct roles to promote Th17 but constrain Th1 and CTL effector cell differentiation.
Project description:Cohesin complex members have recently been identified as putative tumor suppressors in hematologic and epithelial malignancies. The cohesin complex guides chromosome segregation, however cohesin-mutant leukemias do not show genomic instability. We hypothesized reduced cohesin function alters chromatin structure and disrupts cis-regulatory architecture of hematopoietic progenitors. We investigated the consequences of Smc3 deletion in normal and malignant hematopoiesis. Bi-allelic Smc3 loss induced bone marrow aplasia with premature sister chromatid separation, and revealed an absolute requirement for cohesin in hematopoietic stem cell function. In contrast, Smc3 haploinsufficiency increased self-renewal in vitro and in vivo including competitive transplantation. Smc3 haploinsufficiency reduced coordinated transcriptional output, including reduced expression of transcription factors and other genes associated with lineage commitment. Smc3 haploinsufficiency cooperated with Flt3-ITD to induce acute leukemia in vivo, with potentiated Stat5 signaling and altered nucleolar topology. These data establish a dose-dependency for cohesin in regulating chromatin structure and hematopoietic stem cell function. ATAC-seq in murine c-kit+ cells for the following genotypes: Smc3 fl/+, Smc3 del/+, Flt3-ITD, Smc3 fl/del Flt3-ITD
Project description:Deep sequencing of single cell-derived genomic DNA and/or cDNAs brings novel insights into oncogenesis and embryogenesis. However, traditional library preparation for RNA-Seq requires multiple steps, including shearing the target DNA/RNA and following sequential enzymatic reactions, which result in consequent sample loss and stochastic variation at each step. Such variation may significantly affect the output from sequencing. We have found that a new technique of library preparation using hyperactive Tn5 transposase for the next-generation sequencer of Illumina's platform provided high-quality libraries from 100ng of short-length (average 700~800 bp) single-cell level cDNA. This new method reduced the number of steps in the protocol, which resulted in improved reproducibility and reduced variation among the specimens. Two methods of library preparation (sonication, tagmentation with hyperactive Tn5 transposase) were compared in the case of RNA-Seq for single-cell level cDNA. Technical triplicates were used.
Project description:We have identified aberrant expression ok key master transcription factor in an AEL patient cohort. The ectopic expression of these factors in mouse erythroid progenitors lead to their transformation in vitro. Then we investigated chromatin accessibility by ATACseq in these models and compared them to normal erythroid progenitors.