Transcriptional profiling of human macrophages differentiated with macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and/or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)
ABSTRACT: In this study, we compared human monocytes differentiated for 7 days with M-CSF and/or GM-CSF. A comparison of the different macrophage populations was made using microarray profiling. Threshold: 1.0 . Logbase: 2 . Technology: Agilent.SingleColor.14850. Normalization: Shift to 75 percentile . Baseline Transformation: median of all samples . FlagSettings:. Feature is not Uniform:A. Feature is a population outlier:A. Feature is Saturated:A. Feature is not above background:M. Feature is not positive and significant:M.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 20120430 11
GM-CSF and M-CSF (CSF-1) induce different phenotypic changes in macrophage lineage populations. The nature, extent, and generality of these differences were assessed by comparing the responses to these CSFs, either alone or in combination, in various human and murine macrophage lineage populations. The differences between the respective global gene expression profiles of macrophages, derived from human monocytes by GM-CSF or M-CSF, were compared with the differences between the respective profil ...[more]
Project description:In this study, we compared murine bone marrow monocytes differentiated for 7 days with M-CSF then BMM were cultured in the absence of M-CSF for 24hr (starved), then treated with different combinations of M-CSF, GM-CSF, TNF and Dex for 16hr. A comparison of the different macrophage populations was made using microarray profiling. Threshold: 1.0 . Logbase: 2 . Technology: Agilent.SingleColor.14868. Normalization: Shift to 75 percentile . Baseline Transformation: median of all samples . FlagSettings:. Feature is not Uniform:A. Feature is a population outlier:A. Feature is Saturated:A. Feature is not above background:M. Feature is not positive and significant:M.
Project description:Since macrophage activation can now be studied at a global level using modern microarray and proteomic analyses, discovery of novel macrophage activation genes is inevitable and important for understanding HIV-associated dementia (HAD). We isolated two different types of primary human macrophages, microglia and monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) from brain tissue and whole blood respectively. The microarray analysis of differentially regulated macrophage activation genes reported here supports our previous assertions that the mixed glia (MIX) cultured in starvation conditions (DMEM alone) are a non-activated, or quiescent, tissue culture model for studying macrophage activation in the brain. Transcript levels from these quiescent cultures provided a background level of gene expression, and allowed for the identification of upregulated macrophage activation genes in the MIX brain cultures upon treatment with an array of soluble activation factors: serum components, cytokines, and growth factors. We found that 914 genes in the MIX cultures and 734 genes in the MDM cultures had a greater than 2-fold increase in expression. We discovered 180 genes that were increased greater than 2 fold in both culture types. Microarray-specific statistical analyses were performed to complement fold change analysis: Significance Analysis of Microarrays (SAM), and Partek Pro. In the MIX cultures, we detected over a hundred fold increase in IL-1? and TIMP1 transcription; Caspase 9, S100A8 and 9, MMP-12, IL-8, MCP-1, MRC-1, and IL-6 were also upregulated. Activation of starved MDM cultures resulted in fewer upregulated genes compared to MIX cultures. Genes upregulated in both MIX and MDM included CCL2 (MCP1), CCL7, CXCL5, TNFSF14, kinases, and phosphatases. These microarray data may provide leads for identifying previously unknown neurotoxins, disease biomarkers, and pathways responsible for the neuronal apoptosis observed in HAD, and for the eventual identification of therapeutic targets and treatments. For each gene, we performed a per-gene normalization, whereby an expression ratio was calculated by dividing the raw data from the activated media samples by the raw signal for the same gene from the non-activated media samples (Fig. 1). The same microarray data were also analyzed again using the very common per-chip normalization method recommended by the manufacturer where raw signals for each chip were multiplied by a scaling factor such that the trimmed mean for each chip became an arbitrary number (150) (Affymetrix, 2001). The per-chip normalization method reduces person-to-person biological variability and potentially hides important changes in gene expression (Hill et al., 2001),(Bolstad et al., 2003). Therefore, we report our data using a per-gene normalization method, which yielded higher signal and low noise (uninteresting non-biological variability caused by chips, and/or experimental sample preparation), and given our experimental design, reduced person-to-person variability that these experiments cannot address directly. For later statistical analyses, the data were log transformed in order to obtain a normal distribution of the expression values of the >12,625 genes (Bolstad et al., 2003)
Project description:In this study, we compared murine bone marrow monocytes differentiated for 7 days with M-CSF or GM-CSF. A comparison of the different macrophage populations was made using microarray profiling. Threshold: 1.0 . Logbase: 2 . Technology: Agilent.SingleColor.14868. Normalization: Shift to 75 percentile . Baseline Transformation: median of all samples . FlagSettings:. Feature is not positive and significant:M. Feature is not above background:M. Feature is not Uniform:A. Feature is a population outlier:A. Feature is Saturated:A.
Project description:We measured TNFα activity on the transcriptional level by identifying TNFα-inducible genes in human blood monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). On the basis that TNFα does not act in isolation, we used bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a prototypic model of a stimulus to invoke secretion of a wide range of immunologically active factors, including TNFα. In order to identify gene expression attributable to LPS-induced TNFα, we compared the transcriptome of MDM 24 hours after stimulation with 100 ng/ml ultra-pure LPS in the presence and absence of the soluble TNF receptor fusion protein Etanercept (10 µg/ml).
Project description:Ascites-associated macrophages were collected from human ovarian carcinoma patients and their expression profiles determined via Agilent microarrays. In addition, monocyte derived macrophages from healthy donors were differentiated ex-vivo with MCSF and GMCSF and their expression profiles determined as well.
Project description:Vitamin D is widely reported to inhibit innate immune signalling and dendritic cell (DC) maturation, leading to attenuation of DC mediated T cell activation as a potential immunoregulatory mechanism to guard against autoimmunity and immmunopathology. It is not known whether vitamin D has global or gene specific effects on transcriptional responses downstream of innate immune stimulation. In order to address this question, we used genome-wide transcriptional profiling of monocyte derived DC differentiated in the presence and absence of vitamin D, and then stimulated with and without lipopolysaccharide for four hours.
Project description:In this study, we compared human monocytes treated with GM-CSF, M-CSF, dexamethosone or in combination with dexamethasone. A comparison of the different monocyte populations was made using microarray profiling.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of biopsies from tuberculin skin test sites was performed to investigate the interaction of complex cellular and molecular networks at the interface between innate and adaptive immunity which coordinate anti-mycobacterial responses in vivo.