Single cell TCR-seq of T cells isolated from MC38 mouse tumors
ABSTRACT: We investigate the single-cell landscape of the inflammatory mouse tumor model MC38, a C57BL/6 tumor cell line derived from colon adenocarcinoma. MC38 (diluted in HBSS and matrigel) was inoculated in the right unilateral flank (in the border of positions B2 and B3) of C57BL/6 mice (ref Study 16-3384 AV). Tumors were taken one day after group-out (average 150-250 mm3 at day 0), approximately 14-19 days. Tissues were dissociated and flow sorted accordingly to obtain the following groups for 10x Chromium 5' Gene Expression Profiling. Our results indicate that the degree of clonal expansion is correlated with expression of T cell exhaustion markers, and that T cells with strong exhaustion phenotype also express high levels of activation markers, such as interferon gamma.
Project description:We investigate the single-cell landscape of the inflammatory mouse tumor model MC38, a C57BL/6 tumor cell line derived from colon adenocarcinoma. MC38 (diluted in HBSS and matrigel) was inoculated in the right unilateral flank (in the border of positions B2 and B3) of C57BL/6 mice (ref Study 16-3384 AV). Tumors were taken one day after group-out (average 150-250 mm3 at day 0), approximately 14-19 days. Tissues were dissociated and flow sorted accordingly to obtain the following groups for 10x Chromium 5' Gene Expression Profiling. Our results indicate that the degree of clonal expansion is correlated with expression of T cell exhaustion markers, and that T cells with strong exhaustion phenotype also express high levels of activation markers, such as interferon gamma.
Project description:Graft-versus-host-disease (GvHD) is the main complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Here we report studies of a patient with chronic GVHD (cGVHD) carrying persistent CD4+ T cell clonal expansion which harbored somatic mTOR, NFKB2, and TLR2 mutations. Functional analysis of the discovered mTOR mutation indicated a gain-of-function alteration and activation of both mTORC1 and mTORC2 signaling pathways leading to increased cell proliferation and decreased apoptosis. Single-cell RNA sequencing and real-time impedance measurements supported increased cytotoxicity of mutated CD4+ T cells. High throughput drug-sensitivity testing suggested mutations induce resistance to mTOR inhibitors but increase sensitivity for HSP90 inhibitors. Our findings suggest that somatic mutations may contribute to aberrant T cell proliferations and participate in the persistent immune activation in cGVHD paving the way for novel targeted therapies.
Project description:The human colon contains an extensively diverse microbial ecosystem and one of the most numerous communities of immune cells. Studies have highlighted dynamic crosstalk between immune cells and commensals. While studies have demonstrated increasing diversity of microbiota from stomach to stool, whether and how immune cell heterogeneity and microbiota diversity change across the colon is undefined. Furthermore, whether these changes are co-depended in the healthy colon is unknown. Here, tissue samples are collected from caecum, transverse colon, sigmoid colon and mLN of cadaveric donors by the Cambridge Biorepository of Translational Medicine (CBTM). We use single cell RNA sequencing (10X genomics) to assess the dynamics of immune cell populations across the colon and in matching lymph nodes. Associated microbiome 16S sequencing data is available.
Project description:With the advent of cancer immunotherapy, intense investigation has been focused on tumor-infiltrating immune cells. With only a fraction of patients responding to these new therapies, a better understanding of all elements of the tumor microenvironment (TME) that may influence therapeutic outcome is needed. Stromal elements of the TME, chiefly fibroblasts, have emerged as potential contributors to tumor progression and most recently resistance to immunotherapy, but their precise composition and clinical relevance remain incompletely understood. Here we use single-cell transcriptomics to chart the fibroblastic landscape during pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) progression in animal models, identifying two healthy tissue fibroblast subsets that co-evolve along individual trajectories into four subsets of carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs).
Project description:Metastatic uveal melanoma generally responds poorly to immunotherapy. The aim here was to sequence tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes from uveal melanoma metastases to study their phenotypes and T-cell receptor (TCR) clonotypes. We performed paired single-cell transcriptome and TCR sequencing using the 10x Genomics platform of IL2-expanded tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes from 7 liver and 1 subcutaneous metastasis.
Project description:We used the resolving power of single-cell transcriptional profiling to molecularly characterize the mouse adipose stem and progenitor cell-enriched, subcutaneous adipose stromal vascular fraction. We molecularly assessed CD45- CD31- SVF cells using the 10x Genomics Chromium (10x) platform.
Project description:We used human embryonic stem cell-derived retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) to characterize the transcriptome of 1,174 cells at the single cell level. The human embryonic stem cell line BRN3B-mCherry A81-H7 was differentiated to RGCs using a guided differentiation approach. Cells were harvested at day 36 and incubated with THY1 antibody (Miltenyi) before undergoing FACS. THY1 positive and THY1 negative cells were subsequently prepared for single cell RNA sequencing. Single cell suspensions were loaded onto 10X Genomics Single Cell 3' Chips along with the reverse transcription master mix as per the manufacturer's protocol for the Chromium Single Cell 3' v2 Library (10X Genomics; PN-120233), to generate single cell gel beads in emulsion. Libraries were then sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq 2500.
Project description:Gastrulation represents a pivotal point in mammalian development, when the basic body plan is established and cells are specified into one of the three germ layers. This is followed by rapid diversification into specific lineages and the appearance of the various cell types required to build each of the organs. The rich variety of cell types present at this stage has never been rigorously characterised in any mammalian organism, and thus insight into cell fate decisions and the underlying regulatory networks have been inaccessible. We have used droplet based single-cell RNA-sequencing to address this by profiling ~20000 cells from C57BL/6 E8.25 mouse embryos.
Project description:We aimed at characterizing the diverse hemocyte populations present in the hemolymph of the Drosophila larvae. The hemocytes were collected from wandering larvae infested by wasp (WI) or not infested (NI). The hemocytes were then sequenced using 10x genomics technology.