Project description:At variance with what is observed in mice, no distinct MAIT1 or MAIT17 subsets exist in human blood, as all MAIT cells express a variety of transcription factors such as Rorgt, Tbet, Eomes and Helios. However, they are also found in tissues in which they have specific effector functions. To determine these tissue programs, we analyzed the transcription pattern of MAIT cells as compared to mainstream memory (CD45RA-CD27+) CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from human blood and liver. The paired samples of blood and liver cells were obtained from patients operated for metastatic uveal melanoma (liver samples from a “healthy” liver fragment), and from the blood of healthy controls.
Project description:Genome-wide measurements of histone modifications and transcription factor binding in mouse barelette progenitors, neurons and ESCs at different developmental stages and in different genotypes.
Project description:Fanconi anemia (FA) is a disorder of genomic instability characterized by progressive bone marrow failure (BMF), developmental abnormalities and an increased susceptibility to cancer. Although various consequences in hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells have been attributed to FA-BMF, the quest to identify the initial pathological event is still ongoing. To address this issue, we established induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from fibroblasts of six FA patients with FANCA mutations. An improved reprogramming method yielded iPSC-like colonies from all patients, and iPSC clones were propagated from two patients. Quantitative evaluation of the differentiation ability demonstrated that the differentiation propensity toward the hematopoietic and endothelial lineages is already defective in early hemoangiogenic progenitors. The expression levels of critical transcription factors were significantly downregulated in these progenitors. These data indicate that the hematopoietic consequences in FA patients originate from the early hematopoietic stage, and highlight the potential usefulness of iPSC technology for elucidating the pathogenesis of FA-BMF. The investigation of the RNA-seq analysis of iPSC-derived HAPCs.
Project description:A novel ppp1r13l sequence variation causes dilated cardiomyopathy and cardiac inflammation. In this experiment we knocked down IASPP (protein product of ppp1r13l) in cardiomyocytes and exposed them to lipopolysaccharide for time interval of 2 and 4 hours. Transcriptome was examined using rna-seq high-throughput sequencing.
Project description:Objective was to identify urine cell-free microRNAs enabling early non-invasive detection of bladder cancer. Total RNA enriched for fraction of short RNAs was isolated using Urine microRNA purification kit (Norgen corp.). miRNA profiles were determined using the Affymetrix GeneChip miRNA 3.0 array and analyzed to identify differentially deregulated miRNA in bladder cancer patients compared with helathy controls.
Project description:Sixteen pre-treatment samples of pathologically confirmed solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) were available for RNA profiling. They were collected from 16 patients who underwent initial surgery and/or diagnostic biopsy. Samples were macrodissected by pathologists, and frozen within 30 min of removal in liquid nitrogen in our biobank (Biobank authorization number 2008/70, APHM). All profiled specimens contained more than 70% tumor cells. Each patient gave written informed consent for molecular analysis, and the study was approved by our institutional ethics committee. Total RNA was extracted from frozen samples by using the All-In-One Norgen Biotek kit (Thorold, Canada) and integrity was controlled by Agilent analysis (Bioanalyzer, Palo Alto, CA). Gene expression profiling was done with Affymetrix U133 Plus 2.0 human oligonucleotide microarrays with labeling kit and protocol from manufacturer.
Project description:The Alternative Lengthening of Telomeres (ALT) facilitates telomere lengthening by a DNA strand invasion and copying mechanism. The nuclear receptor NR2F2 can bind to (TCAGGG)n variant repeats within telomeres and it has been proposed that this facilitates telomere interactions in ALT+ cells. However, the role NR2F2 in regulation the gene expression in ALT+ cell lines is unclear. Here, using Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), we characterised the changes in expression profile of three ALT+ cell lines (W-V, WI38VA13/2RA, U2OS) upon transient siRNA mediated downregulation of NR2F2 compared to cells treated with a control siRNA . Among 86 ALT-associated genes, only MND1 showed consistent down-regulation across the three NR2F2-depleted ALT+ cell lines. Altogether our data indicate that NR2F2 it does not play a direct role in the ALT mechanism.
Project description:Aberrant display of the truncated core1 O-glycan T-antigen is a common feature of human cancer cells that correlates with metastasis. Here we show that T-antigen in Drosophila melanogaster macrophages is involved in their developmentally programmed tissue invasion. Higher macrophage T-antigen levels require an atypical major facilitator superfamily (MFS) member that we named Minerva which enables macrophage dissemination and invasion. We characterize for the first time the T and Tn glycoform O-glycoproteome of the Drosophila melanogaster embryo, and determine that Minerva increases the presence of T-antigen on protein pathways previously linked to cancer, most strongly on the protein sulfhydryl oxidase Qsox1 which we show is required for macrophage invasion. Minerva’s vertebrate ortholog, MFSD1, rescues the minerva mutant’s migration and T-antigen glycosylation defects. We thus identify a key conserved regulator that orchestrates O-glycosylation on a protein subset to activate a program governing migration steps important for both development and cancer metastasis
Project description:8-cell stage rat embryos were sired by males treated with saline or a chemotherapeutic cocktail, BEP, consisting of Bleomycin, Etoposide, and Cisplatin for 9 weeks. Animals were given an additional 9 weeks of recovery, without any treatment, prior to mating. qPCR gene expression profiling for 84 stem cell transcription factors. Total RNA extracted from 25-35 embryos at the eight-cell stage sired by control or BEP-treated males after a 9-wk recovery period (2 females mated per male, n= 4 males/treatment).