Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is one of the most frequent causes of cancer death, and yet compared to other common cancers, we know relatively little about the molecular composition of this tumor type. To further our understanding of this cancer, we have used open chromatin profiling to decipher the transcriptional regulatory networks that are operational in EAC. We have uncovered a transcription factor network that is usually found in primitive intestinal cells during embryonic development, c ...[more]
Project description:To investigate the effect on chromatin accessibility with reduced ERBB2 signalling in oesophageal adenocarcinoma, we performed ATAC-seq in OE19 cells treated with either siNT or siERBB2.
Project description:When sampling many samples at locations with poor laboratory facilities, the ability of freezing samples for later processising is crucial. ATAC-seq on fresh tissue is still considered the star method. Freezing has shown to affect chromatin architecture and nucleosome pattern. However, the freezing method might determine the chromatin integrity. We therefore ask whether or not slow frozen samples give the same results as fresh samples when assaying tissues for transposase accessible chromatin?
Project description:Intercellular communication within the bone marrow niche significantly influences leukemogenesis and the sensitivity of leukemic cells to therapy. However, the landscape of possible cell-cell interactions is still incomplete. Tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) are a novel mode of intercellular cross-talk. They are long, thin membranous conduits that enable the direct transfer of various cargo between cells. The present study found that TNTs are formed between leukemic and bone marrow stromal cells. Confocal three-dimensional reconstructions, correlative light-electron microscopy, and electron tomography provided evidence that TNTs transfer cellular vesicles between cells. The quantitative analysis demonstrated the stimulation of TNT-mediated vesicle transfer from stromal cells to leukemic cells by the stromal component. The vesicular cargo that was received from stroma cells conferred resistance to anti-leukemic treatment. Moreover, specific sets of proteins with a potential role in survival and the drug response were transferred within these vesicles. Altogether, we found that TNTs are involved in a novel and potent mechanism that participates in leukemia-stroma cross-talk and the stroma-mediated cytoprotection of leukemic cells. Our findings implicate TNT connections as a possible target for therapeutic interventions within the leukemia microenvironment to attenuate stroma-conferred protection.
Project description:Single-cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) on nocodazole and DMSO treated cells before and after differentiation into endoderm. hPSC colonies were treated with DMSO or 100ng/ml nocodazole for 16 hours and induced to differentiate into definitive endoderm for three days. Single cells were subsequently collected in either undifferentiated conditions (Und) or after 3 days of endoderm differentiation (Endoderm) and then sorted onto 384 well plates for Smart-Seq2 processing.
Project description:To determine the ability of HNF4A and GATA6 to drive open chromatin formation, either HNF4A or GATA6 were overexpressed in normal oesophageal Het1A cells and ATAC-seq was performed.
Project description:The assay for transposase-accessible chromatin using sequencing (ATAC-seq) is widely used to identify regulatory regions throughout the genome. However, only a few studies have been done at the single cell level (scATAC-seq) due to technical difficulties. Here we developed a simple and robust plate-based scATAC-seq method, combining upfront bulk tagmentation with single-nuclei sorting, to investigate open chromatin regions. We applied this method on mouse splenocytes and unbiasedly revealed key regulatory regions and transcription factors that define each cell (sub)type.