Microarray analysis of Bay-0 x Sha recombinant inbred lines at four seed germination stages
ABSTRACT: Seed germination is characterized by a constant change of gene expression across different time points. These changes are related to specific processes, which eventually determine the onset of seed germination. To get a better understanding on the regulation of gene expression during seed germination, we measured gene expression levels of Arabidopsis thaliana Bay x Sha recombinant inbred lines (RILs) at four important seed germination stages (primary dormant, after-ripened, six-hour after imbibition, and radicle protrusion stage) using. We mapped the eQTL of the gene expression and the result displayed the distinctness of the eQTL landscape for each stage. We found several eQTL hotspots across stages associated with the regulation of expression of a large number of genes. Together, we have revealed that the genetic regulation of gene expression is dynamic along the course of seed germination.
Project description:Analysis of barley grains/seedlings representing six well characterized and distinct germination stages over the course of seed germination and seedling growth. Three biological replications, six developmental stages.
Project description:Mycorrhizal fungi colonize orchid seed and induce the germination. This so-called symbiotic germination is a critical developmental process in the lifecycle of all orchids. However, the molecular changes taking place during the orchid seed symbiotic germination still remains largely unknown. To better understand the molecular mechanism of orchid seed germination, we performed comparative transcriptomic and proteomic analysis on Chinese traditional medicinal orchid plants, Dendrobium officinale to explore protein expression change at the different developmental stages between asymbiotic and symbiotic germination and identify the key proteins regulated symbiotic germination of orchid seeds. iTRAQ analysis from 8 samples identified 2256 plant proteins, of which, 308 proteins were differentially expressed across three developmental stages within asymbiotic or symbiotic accession and 229 proteins are differentially expressed in the symbiotic germination compared to asymbiotic germination. 32 proteins are co-upregulated in both proteomic and transcriptomic level for symbiotic germination compared to asymbiotic germination. Our results revealed that symbiotic germination of D. officinale seeds probably shares the common signal pathway with asymbiotic germination during the early germination stage.
Project description:This series analyses germinating Lepidium sativum seeds with both temporal and spatial detail. This is a cross species microarray normalisation on Arabidopsis thaliana chips. Performed as part of the vSEED project Lepidium seeds were dissected into four compartments at seven time points during seed germination. The compartments were the micropylar endosperm (CAP), the non-micropylar endosperm (NME), the radicle and lower hypocotyl (RAD) and the cotyledons (COT). At testa and endosperm rupture the seeds were split into pre- and post- ruptured populations. Dry seeds were also sampled: as a whole seed (DRY), the radicle and endosperm part (DRYRC) and the dry seed part containing the non-micropylar endosperm and part of the cotyledons (DRYNMC).
Project description:gnp3_tri33-arabidoseed - eqtl analysis (random pair design) - WP3 : Biodiversity of seed traits : state of the art - Comparison of the developping seed transcriptome in 160 Bay0/Sha Recombinant Inbred Lines (RILs) at 10 days after pollinisation. Keywords: genotype and ecotype comparison 80 dye-swap - CATMA arrays
Project description:Wheat seed germination directly affects wheat yield and quality. The wheat grains mainly include embryo and endosperm, and both play important roles in seed germination, seedling survival and subsequent vegetative growth. ABA can positively regulate dormancy induction and then negatively regulates seed germination at low concentrations. H2O2 treatment with low concentration can promote seed germination of cereal plants. Although various transcriptomics and proteomics approaches have been used to investigate the seed germination mechanisms and response to various abiotic stresses in different plant species, an integrative transcriptome analysis of wheat embryo and endosperm response to ABA and H2O2 stresses has not reported so far. We used the elite Chinese bread wheat cultivar Zhenmai 9023 as material and performed the first comparative transcriptome microarray analysis between embryo and endosperm response to ABA and H2O2 treatments during seed germination using the GeneChip® Wheat Genome Array Wheat seed germination includes a great amount of regulated genes which belong to many functional groups. ABA/H2O2 can repress/promote seed germination through coordinated regulating related genes expression. Our results provide new insights into the transcriptional regulation mechanisms of embryo and endosperm response to ABA and H2O2 treatments during seed germination The six groups including embryo and endosperm response to pure water (CK), ABA and H2O2 were havested respectively, which were CK_embryo (CKem), CK_endosperm (CKe), ABA_embryo (ABAem), ABA_endosperm (ABAe), H2O2_embryo (H2O2em), H2O2_endosperm (H2O2e). Three independent experiments were performed for each group.
Project description:Abscisic acid (ABA) regulates abiotic stress and developmental responses including regulation of seed dormancy to prevent seeds from germinating under unfavorable environmental conditions. ABA HYPERSENSITIVE GERMINATION1 (AHG1) encoding a type 2C protein phosphatase (PP2C) is a central negative regulator of the ABA response in germination; however, the molecular function and regulation of AHG1 remain elusive. Here we report that AHG1 interacts with DELAY OF GERMINATION1 (DOG1), which is a pivotal positive regulator in seed dormancy. DOG1 acts upstream of AHG1 and impairs the PP2C activity of AHG1 in vitro. Furthermore, DOG1 has the ability to bind heme. Binding of DOG1 to AHG1 and heme are independent processes but both are essential for DOG1 function in vivo. Our study demonstrates that AHG1 and DOG1 constitute an important regulatory system for seed dormancy and germination by integrating multiple environmental signals, in parallel with the PYL/RCAR ABA receptor-mediated regulatory system.
Project description:In depth temporal profiling of transcript changes at 10 time points during germination in Arabidopsis seed was carried out. The time course utilised, encompassed seed maturation, stratification, germination and post-germination and provided a global investigation into the tightly regulated, phasic changes that define seed germination. A previously unidentified transient expression pattern was identified for a group of genes, whereby a significant rise in abundance was observed at the end of stratification and significantly lower expression observed up to 6 hours later. Total RNA extraction was carried out on 80 mg of Arabidopsis seeds at 10 time points during germination in triplicate. The time points selected were: freshly harvested seed (H), seeds following 15 days of ripening (0 h), seeds after; 1 h of stratification (1 h S), 12 h of stratification (12 h S), 48 h of stratification (48 h S), followed by seed collected 1 hour into the light (1 h SL), 6 hours into the light (6 h SL), 12 hours into the light (12 h SL), 24 hours into the light (24 h SL) and 48 hours into the light (48 h SL).
Project description:affy_rice_2011_03 - affy_compartimentation_rice_albumen_embryon - During germination, the rice seed goes from a dry quiescent state to an active metabolism. As with all cereals, the rice seed is highly differentiated between the embryo (that will give rise to the future plantlet) and the endosperm (that contains the seed storage compounds and that will degenerate). The molecular mechanisms operating in the rice seed embryo have begun to be described. Yet, very few studies have focused specifically on the endosperm during the germination process. In particular, the endosperm is mostly addressed with regards to its storage proteins but we have detected a large protein diversity by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Similarly, the endosperm is rich in total RNA which suggest that gene expression coming from seed maturation could play a role during the germination process. In this context, we want to compare the transcriptome of the embryo and the endosperm during rice seed germination. -We germinate rice seeds of the first sequenced rice cultivar i.e. Nipponbare during 0, 4, 8, 12, 16 and 24h of imbibition in sterile distilled water. Germination occurs under constant air bubbling, in the dark at 30°C. These rice seeds are then manually dissected into embryo and endosperm fractions. -The embryo-derived samples are abbreviated in “E” while the endosperm samples are abbreviated “A”. The germination time-point is indicated after the letter (e.g. E8 for embryo samples harvested after 8 hours of germination). Finally, the biological repetition number is indicated before the letter and the time digit (e.g. 1-E8 for an embryo sample from the first repetition at 8 hours of imbibition). 36 arrays - rice; organ comparison,time course
Project description:This series contain all stages Arabidopsis plant development. Stages of development includes unfertilized ovule, 24-Hr post-fertilization seed, globular stage seed, cotyledon stage seed, mature green seed, post-mature green seed, post-germination seedling, rosette leaf, root, stem, and floral bud.
Project description:To identify genes expressed during initiation of lung organogenesis, we generated transcriptional profiles of the prospective lung region of the mouse foregut (mid-foregut) microdissected from embryos at three developmental stages between embryonic day 8.5 (E8.5) and E9.5. This period spans from lung specification of foregut cells to the emergence of the primary lung buds. We identified a number of known and novel genes that are temporally regulated as the lung bud forms. Genes that regulate transcription, including DNA binding factors, co-factors, and chromatin remodeling genes, are the main functional groups that change during lung bud formation. Members of key developmental transcription and growth factor families, not previously described to participate in lung organogenesis, are expressed in the mid-foregut during lung bud induction. These studies also show early expression in the mid-foregut of genes that participate in later stages of lung development. This characterization of the mid-foregut transcriptome provides new insights into molecular events leading to lung organogenesis. Three samples (developmental stages), three biological replicates (5-10 pooled mid-foreguts)