Project description:To investigate the extent of gene expression dysregulation by the human papillomavirus (HPV) oncoprotein E7, we performed global gene expression analysis on normal immortalized keratinocytes from skin (NIKS), NIKS cells maintaining the HPV16 or 18 episomes (NIKS-16, NIKS-18, respectively), and NIKS cells maintaining the HPV-16 episome deficient in E7 expression (NIKS-16ΔE7). Overall design: NIKS cells and variants were cultured and harvested at three separate passages (n= 3). RNA was isolated and hybridized to Affymetrix chips for gene expression analysis. NIKS cells are HPV-negative control.
Project description:To investigate the extent of host methylome dysregulation by the human papillomavirus (HPV) oncoprotein E7, we performed methylome array analysis on normal immortalized keratinocytes from skin (NIKS), NIKS cells maintaining the HPV16 or 18 episomes (NIKS-16, NIKS-18, respectively), and NIKS cells maintaining the HPV-16 episome deficient in E7 expression (NIKS-16ΔE7). Overall design: NIKS cells and variants were cultured and harvested at three separate passages (n= 3). Genomic DNA was isolated, bisultife converted and hybridized to illumina HumanMethylation 450 BeadChips for methylation analysis. NIKS cells are HPV-negative control.
Project description:Specific types of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) cause cervical cancer, the second most common tumor in females worldwide. Both cellular transformation and the maintenance of the oncogenic phenotype of HPV-positive tumor cells are linked to the expression of the viral E6 and E7 oncogenes. In order to identify downstream cellular target genes for the viral oncoproteins, we silenced endogenous E6 and E7 expression in HPV-positive HeLa cells by RNA interference (RNAi). Subsequently, we assessed changes of the cellular transcriptome by genome-wide microarray analysis. We identified, 648 genes wich were either downregulated (360 genes) or upregulated (288 genes) upon inhibition of E6/E7 expression. A large fraction of these genes is involved in tumour-relevant processes, such as apoptosis control, cell cycle regulation, or spindle formation. Others may represent novel cellular targets for the HPV oncogenes, such as a large group of C-MYC-associated genes involved in RNA splicing. Keywords: siRNA mediated knockdown Overall design: Hybridizations were performed on RZPD Unigene 3.1 cDNA microarrays (37.5K). Gene expression was analyzed by performing 6 microarray hybridizations, using three cell culture replicates treated with siRNA 18E7-3.5 or control siRNA siControl. Each replicate of the 18E7-3.5 experiments was hybridized against a replicate of the siControl experiment, including a technical dye swap.
Project description:Analysis of the effect of high-risk human papillomaviruses HPV16 and HPV18 in keratinocytes at gene expression level. The hypothesis tested in the present study was that HPVs inhibit the function of pathogen recognition receptors (PRRs), thereby evading the immune system. Results show that HPV-positive keratinocytes have a weaker response to poly(I:C), a synthetic double strand RNA agonist of viral PRRs, with IL1B as a central hub in a gene expression network of relative downregulation. Total RNA from eight primary undifferentiated keratinocyte cultures, four uninfected and four HPV-positive, that were either left unstimulated, or stimulated for 4 or 24 hrs with 25 ug/ml poly(I:C).
Project description:Background: Cytoplasmic degradation of endogenous RNAs is an integral part of RNA quality control (RQC) and often relies on the removal of the 5' cap structure and their subsequent 5’ to 3’ degradation. In parallel, many eukaryotes degrade exogenous and selected endogenous RNAs through post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS). In plants, PTGS depends on small interfering (si)RNAs produced after the conversion of single-stranded RNAs to double-stranded RNAs by the cellular RNA DEPENDENT RNA POLYMERASE 6 (RDR6). PTGS and RQC compete for transgene-derived RNAs, but it is unknown whether this competition also occurs for endogenous transcripts. Results: We show that that upon decapping impairment hundreds of endogenous mRNAs give rise to a new class of siRNAs, a subset of which depends on RDR6 for their production. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the decapping of aberrant endogenous RNA in P-bodies limits their entry into the PTGS pathway and prevents the subsequent deleterious consequences arising from this entry. We anticipate that the siRNAs identified in decapping mutants represent a subset of a larger ensemble of endogenous siRNAs that we coin rqc-siRNAs because they accumulate when RQC processes are impaired. Small RNA-seq experiments performed in duplicates for each condition.
Project description:The postnatal neurodevelopmental disorder Rett syndrome (RTT) is caused by mutations in the gene encoding Methyl-CpG-binding Protein 2 (MeCP2). Despite decades of research, it remains unclear how MeCP2 actually regulates transcription or why RTT features appear only 6-18 months after birth. We examined MeCP2 binding to methylated cytosine in the CH context (mCH, where H = A, C, or T) in the adult mouse brain and found that MeCP2 binds these mCH sites, influencing nucleosome positioning and transcription. Strikingly, this pattern is unique to the mature nervous system, as it requires the increase in mCH after birth to reveal differences in MeCP2 binding to mCG, mCH, and non-methylated DNA elements. This study provides insight into the molecular mechanism governing MeCP2 targeting and how this targeting might contribute to the delayed onset of RTT symptoms. Mnase-Seq were conducted from 7-week-old hypothalamus from MeCP2 knockout mice and their age and genetic background matched wild types control mice.
Project description:To obtain a global view of NuRD-mediated transcriptional regulation, gene expression profiles of wild-type and Mbd3-null ES cells were compared by microarray analysis. In the absence of Mbd3, which encodes a core structural component of NuRD, the complex does not form and embryonic development stalls at the implantation stage.
Project description:Disabled-2 (DAB2) is up-regulated when ESC were cocultured with OP9 stromal cells for mesodermal colony formation. Expression of DAB2 short hairpin small interfering RNA (shDAB2) altered ESC cell-cell adhesion that subsequently affected colony formation and mesoderm differentiation competence. To further unveil the molecular mechanisms associated with the phenotypic change of shDAB2-expressing ES cells, comprehensive profiling of DAB2-regulated molecules in shDAB2-ES cells (ES-V9 and 285-4) were performed by Affimatrix microarray. Experiment Overall Design: Total RNAs from vector control (ES-V9) and shDAB2-expressing (285-4) ESC were isolated by Trizol (Invitrogen) and were further purified using the RNeasy mini kit (Qiagen). For profiling of mRNA expression, the purified total RNAs were then subjected to microarray analysis (Affymetrix gene chip mouse 430A).
Project description:Intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) and fetal overgrowth increase the risk of postnatal health. Maternal nutrition is the major intrauterine environmental factor that alters fetal weight. However, the mechanisms underlying maternal nutrition affect fetal development is not entirely clear. We developed a pig model and used isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) to investigate alterations in the placental proteome were obtained from gilts in normal-energy-intake (Con) and high-energy-intake (HE) group, respectively.At 90 d of gestation, the heavy fetuses were found at the tubal ends and light fetuses at the cervical ends of the uterus in Con group and the heavy fetuses had higher glucose concentration than the light fetuses. However, a higher uniformity was noted in HE group. Placental promote between these two positions indicated that a total of 78 and 50 differentially expressed proteins were detected in Con and HE group, respectively. In Con group, these proteins related to lipid metabolism (HADHA, AACS, CAD), nutrient transport (GLUT, SLC27A1) and energy metabolism (NDUFV1, NDUFV2, ATP5C1). However, the differentially expressed proteins in HE group were mainly participation in transcriptional and translational regulation and intracellular vesicular transport.