MicroRNA profiling of human colorectal cancer samples with high microsatellite instability
ABSTRACT: Background. Colorectal cancer develops through two main genetic instability pathways characterized by distinct pathologic features and clinical outcome. Results. We investigated colon cancer samples (23 characterized by microsatellite stability, MSS, and 16 by high microsatellite instability, MSI-H) for genome-wide expression of microRNA (miRNA) and mRNA. Based on combined miRNA and mRNA gene expression, a molecular signature consisting of twenty seven differentially expressed genes, inclusive of 8 miRNAs, could correctly distinguish MSI-H versus MSS colon cancer samples. Among the differentially expressed miRNAs, various members of the oncogenic miR-17-92 family were significantly up-regulated in MSS cancers. The majority of protein coding genes were also up-regulated in MSS cancers. Their functional classification revealed that they were most frequently associated with cell cycle, DNA replication, recombination, repair, gastrointestinal disease and immune response. Conclusions. This is the first report that indicates the existence of differences in miRNA expression between MSS versus MSI-H colorectal cancers. In addition, the work suggests that the combination of mRNA/miRNA expression signatures may represent a general approach for improving bio-molecular classification of human cancer.
Project description:MicroRNA (miRNA) expression profiles for prostate cancers were examined to investigate the miRNA involvement in prostate carcinogenesis. miRNA microarray analysis identified statistical unique profiles, which could discriminate prostate cancers from noncancerous prostate tissues.
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Project description:MicroRNA (miRNA) expression profiles for gastric cancers were examined to investigate the miRNA involvement in stomach carcinogenesis. miRNA microarray analysis identified statistical unique profiles, which could discriminate stomach cancers from noncancerous stomach tissues.
Project description:MicroRNA (miRNA) expression profiles for colon cancers were examined to investigate the miRNA involvement in colon carcinogenesis. miRNA microarray analysis identified statistical unique profiles, which could discriminate colon cancers from noncancerous colon tissues.
Project description:MicroRNA (miRNA) expression profiles for pancreatic endocrine tumors were examined to investigate the miRNA involvement in pancreatic carcinogenesis. miRNA microarray analysis identified statistical unique profiles, which could discriminate pancreatic cancers from noncancerous pancreas tissues.
Project description:We compared the expression of genes related to inflammatory cytotoxic functions between MSI and MSS (HLA class I negative and positive) gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas (GIACs), seeking evidence of differences in inflammatory mediators and cytotoxic T-cell responses. Twenty-two GIACs were divided into three study groups as a function of HLA class I expression and MSI phenotype. Comparison between eight high-level MSI (MSI-H) and 8 MSS/HLA+ (control) cancers identified 2170 differentially expressed genes (p< 0.05) after microarray analysis on the Affymetrix HG-U133-Plus-PM plate. We grouped genes in Gene Ontology functional categories: apoptotic programme (119 genes, p=5.1·10-7), leukocyte activation (32 genes, p=0.01), T cell activation (20 genes, p= 0.01), and cytokine production (19 genes, p= 0.04). Real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemical evaluation were used to confirm some microarray data, finding that increased mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and cytotoxic mediators were associated with greater infiltration by CD8+ T lymphocytes in the MSI-H group (p<0.001). Finally, tumours with immunohistochemical HLA class I negative pattern were not grouped together but rather in accordance with features of the gene expression profile of MSI or MSS tumours. As expected, genes associated with antigen processing machinery and MHC class I molecules (TAP2, B2m) were downregulated in MSS/HLA-ABC negative CRCs. In conclusion, microarray and immunohistochemical data may be useful to comprehensively assess tumour-host interactions and differentiate MSI from MSS cancers. The two types of tumours, MSI/HLA- and MSS/HLA-, showed marked differences in the composition and intensity of infiltrating leukocytes, suggesting that their immune escape strategies involve distinct pathways. Overall design: Case-control study. Samples were selected according to immunological criteria: those with total loss of HLA antigens and those without alterations in the expression of HLA molecules. In addition, the microsatellite instability genotype of all the samples was also analyzed, resulting in microsatellite stability (MSS) and microsatellite instability (MSI) samples. Therefore, three groups of samples were selected: MSS/HLA+, MSS/HLA-, and MSI. The MSS/HLA+ group was used as the control.
Project description:Expression profiling was used to identify genes differentially expressed in MSS (microsatellite stable) and MSI (microsatellite unstable) colon cancer cell lines. Data submitted in support of manuscript entitled Villin expression is frequently lost in poorly differentiated colon cancer, Diego Arango, Sheren Al-Obaidi, David S. Williams, Jose Dopeso, Rocco Mazzolini, Georgia Corner, Do-Sun Byun, Carmel Murone, Lars Tögel, Nikolajs Zeps, Lauri A. Aaltonen, Barry Iacopetta and John M. Mariadason, American Journal of Pathology, 2012. 5 microsatellite stable (MSS) and 5 microsatellite unstable (MSI) colon cancer cell lines profiled. Each cell line grown and arrayed in duplicate, and the duplicates averaged for each cell line before calculating means for MSS and MSI lines.
Project description:MicroRNA miRNA expression profiles for human HeLa cells (Cervical cancer), overexpressing p19 H-Ras, were examined to investigate the miRNA regulation by p19 H-Ras. miRNA microarray analysis identified statistical unique profiles, which could discriminate miRNAs regulated by p19 H-Ras and not regulated by the p19 mutant (W164A) H-Ras.