The aim of this study is to elucidate the expression patterns of GATA transcription factors in neuroblastoma and the developing sympathetic nervous system (SNS).GATA-2, -3 and -4 and their cofactor friend-of-GATA (FOG)-2 were investigated in primary neuroblastoma by immunohistochemistry, real-time RT-PCR (n=73) and microarray analysis (n=251). In addition, GATA-2, -3 and FOG-2 expression was determined by northern-blot hybridisation. In the developing murine SNS, Gata-4 and Fog-2 were examined b ...[more]
Project description:A total of 55 individuals were analysed: 15 migratory brown trout (Salmo trutta) individuals from the Redon river, 15 sedentary brown trout (S. trutta) individuals from the Redon river, 15 sedentary brown trout (S. trutta) individuals from the Chevenne river, and 10 Atlantic salmon (S. salar) individuals of a hatchery strain. For each individual, RNA was isolated twice from different parts of the same tissue, independently reverse transcribed into Cy3-labeled cDNA and then probed on two different slides, which leads to total of 110 single slide experiments.
Project description:Phenotypic plasticity, the ability of one genotype to express different phenotypes in response to changing environmental conditions, is one of the most common phenomena characterising the living world and is not only relevant for the ecology but also for the evolution of species. Daphnia, the waterflea, is a textbook example for predator induced phenotypic plastic defences including changes in life-history, behaviour and morphology. However, the analysis of molecular mechanisms underlying these inducible defences is still in its early stages.<br><br>We exposed Daphnia magna to chemical cues of the predator Triops cancriformis to identify key processes underlying plastic defensive trait formation. D. magna is known to develop an array of morphological changes in the presence of T. cancriformis including changes of carapace morphology and cuticle hardening. To get a more comprehensive idea of this phenomenon, we studied four different genotypes originating from habitats with different predation history, reaching from predator-free to temporary habitats containing T. cancriformis.<br><br>We analysed the morphologies as well as proteomes of predator-exposed and control animals. Three genotypes showed morphological changes when the predator was present. Using a high-throughput proteomics approach, we found 294 proteins which were significantly altered in their abundance after predator exposure in a general or genotype dependant manner. Proteins connected to genotype dependant responses were related to the cuticle, protein synthesis and calcium binding whereas the yolk protein vitellogenin increased in abundance in all genotypes, indicating their involvement in a more general response. Furthermore, genotype dependant responses at the proteome level correlated well with local adaptation to Triops predation.<br><br>Altogether, our study provides new insights concerning genotype dependant and general molecular processes involved in predator-induced phenotypic plasticity in D. magna.
Project description:The main purpose of the experiment is to look for changes in the transcriptome of LNCaP cells during neuroendocrine differentiation induced by incubation in steroid stripped serum (charcoal treated fetal bovine serum) for four days.
Project description:To identify epigenetically silenced genes in multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines and to determine the effects of 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine and trichostatin A on gene expression. We treated 3 multiple myeloma cell lines (MM1, NCI-H929, U266) with 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine and/or trichostatin A.
Project description:This study newly identified Tripelennamine (TA) as an inhibitor of yeast meiosis and sporulation. To examine if and how exposure of sporulating yeast cells to TA changes the meiotic transcriptional program cells were sporulated for 0, 4, and 8 hours in the presence or absence of 100 uM TA.