Transcription profiling of mouse muscle tissue after in-vivo intramuscularly administration of MF59, CpG, MF59+CpG, alum and PBS
ABSTRACT: Analysis of whole mouse muscle gene expression signature induced by in-vivo intramuscularly administration of MF59, CpG, MF59+CpG, alum and PBS. MF59 and alum are licensed human vaccine adjuvants; CpG is a TLR-agonist adjuvant.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20080723 30
Oil-in-water emulsions are potent human adjuvants used for effective pandemic influenza vaccines; however, their mechanism of action is still unknown. By combining microarray and immunofluorescence analysis, we monitored the effects of the adjuvants MF59 oil-in-water emulsion, CpG, and alum in the mouse muscle. MF59 induced a time-dependent change in the expression of 891 genes, whereas CpG and alum regulated 387 and 312 genes, respectively. All adjuvants modulated a common set of 168 genes and ...[more]
Project description:Analysis of whole mouse muscle and inguinal lymph node gene expression signature induced after 6h by in-vivo intramuscularly administration of MF59, alum, CpG, resiquimod (R848), Pam3CSK4 and DMSO and PBS controls. Analysis of splenocyte gene expression signature induced by the same treatments after 6h of incubation. MF59 and alum are licensed human vaccine adjuvants; CpG is a TLR9-agonist adjuvant; resiquimod (R848) is a TLR7/8-agonist adjuvant and Pam3CSK4 is a TLR2-agonist adjuvant.
Project description:Analysis of whole mouse lung gene expression signature induced by in-vivo intrapulmonary administration of CpG. CpG-containing oligodeoxynucleotides are potent mucosal adjuvants and effective as stand-alone treatment of respiratory infections in mice.
Project description:Analysis of whole mouse muscle and inguinal lymph node gene expression signature induced after 24h by in-vivo intramuscularly administration of R848, SMIP-7.7, SMIP-7.8 and 4%DMSO controls. Analysis of whole mouse muscle and inguinal lymph node gene expression signature induced after 6h by in-vivo intramuscularly administration of R848 and SMIP-7.2 in 1% DMSO, and SMIP-7.10 and SMIP-7.10+alum in Buffer.
Project description:Analysis of whole mouse lung gene expression signature induced by in-vivo intrapulmonary administration of LTK63. LTK63, a non-toxic mutant of E. coli heat labile enterotoxin (LT), is a potent and safe mucosal adjuvant, which has also been shown to confer generic protection to several respiratory pathogen.
Project description:There remains a need for analysis of CD4 helper T cells differentiation in vivo. To this end ovalbumin (OVA)-specific CD4 (OTII) T cells transferred into congenic mice were studied. Live attenuated OVA-expressing Salmonella (SalOVA) induce T-bet and IFN-g in OTII cells, while alum-precipitated OVA (alumOVA) induces GATA-3 and IL-4. Although 70% of alumOVA-responding OTII cells express GATA-3, only 7% produce IL-4. Thus Th2-polarization defined solely by IL-4 production does not recognize the diversity of GATA-3-expressing effectors. Low-density arrays were designed to assess the expression of 384 genes by real-time RT-PCR. Extensive early diversification occurred in both responses. SalOVA selectively induced many chemokines and pro-inflammatory cytokines, while alumOVA induced few Th2-associated cytokines. Several cytokines and molecules associated with Th17 cells and follicular helper cells were also induced by both antigens. The transcription factor Helios was exclusively induced in alumOVA-responding OTII cells, and critically not in standard in vitro Th2-polarization systems. Early synchronous up-regulation of Helios and GATA-3 mRNA is paralleled at protein level with largely coincident localization in specific nuclear foci of OTII cells responding to alumOVA. This appears to be consistent with a key role for both transcription regulators in the direction of Th2 responses in vivo. Keywords: In vivo T cell polarization Ovalbumin (OVA)-specific CD4 (OTII) T cells were transferred into C57BL/6 mice that were immunized either with live attenuated OVA-expressing Salmonella (Sal) or with alum-precipitated OVA (alum), or not (Naïve). Gene expression assay was performed on FACS sorted OTII cells (Naïve, Sal, Alum). OTII cells were purified from three independent groups of ten naïve, or SalOVA-immunized or alumOVA-immunized mice.
Project description:Analysis of whole mouse muscle expression signature induced after 6 h by in-vivo intramuscular administration of MF59 or the individual components of MF59 (squalene oil, the surfactants Span 85 and Tween 80, either alone or in combination or the citrate buffer at the same concentrations/dose as within MF59) or PBS as control.
Project description:An important feature of human asthma and animal models of asthma is airway hyperresponsiveness. The symptoms of asthma are a narrowing of the airways caused by edema and the influx of inflammatory cells. The aim of this project is to determine the temporal relationship between gene expression and airway allergen challenge. 4 weeks old BALB/CJ mice were challenged on days 0,3,10 and 17 with PBS and ragweed pollen protein plus Alum.
Project description:The identification of genes transcriptionally silenced by DNA hypermethylation is important in understanding the molecular basis of epigenetically regulated biological processes such as X chromosome inactivation, genomic imprinting, and cancer development. Our previously developed methyl-CpG targeted transcriptional activation (MeTA) method reactivates epigenetically silenced genes by using a methyl-CpG binding domain from MBD2 with a transcriptional activation domain. We applied either MeTA or a conventional DNA demethylating agent, 5-aza-cytidine (Aza-CR), to a human embryonic kidney cell line 293T and analyzed gene expression profiles by microarray; 138 and 202 genes that are upregulated 5-fold or more were identified by MeTA and Aza-CR, respectively. The top ten upregulated genes detected by MeTA were further analyzed. We found associations between expressional restorations by MeTA, methylation status, and NFkB(AD)-MBD fusion protein bindings in CpG islands (CGIs) around the transcription start site of the genes. Importantly, MeTA can upregulate genes meeting the stringent criteria of CGIs defined by Takai and Jones at the promoter region at higher frequency; 109 of 138 (79.0%) genes in MeTA vs. 121 of 202 (59.9%) genes in Aza-CR. Interestingly, only 27 genes were upregulated by both methods; MeTA may identify methylated genes that show low levels of induction by the DNA demethylating agents; demethylating agents may also induce factors that help re-expression of genes that harbor less stringent or no CGIs. These results suggest that microarray coupled with MeTA (MeTA-array) is an efficient alternative way to identify transcriptionally silenced genes by DNA hypermethylation. 293T cells were transfected with pcDNA6/myc-His vector or pcDNA6-3xFLAG-NFkB (AD)-MBD and were harvested 48 h after transfection. In contrast, 293T cells were treated with 5-aza-cytidine (Aza-CR, 25 uM) or the same volume of PBS for 96 h and medium replaced every 24 h.