Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

9

Transcription profiling of human invasive and non-invasive non-functioning pituitary adenomas


ABSTRACT: Context : Non Functioning Pituitary Adenomas (NFPAs), although typically benign, may be locally invasive. Few datas are currently available related to the molecular process of invasion in sporadic pituitary adenomas. Markers of invasiveness, important for helping the clinician in the therapeutic strategy particularly in the decision for adjuvant radiotherapy, are currently lacking. Objective: Evaluate if invasive NFPAs display a specific expression profile compared with non invasive tumors. Methods: To address this issue, we selected 40 NFPAs (38 of the gonadotroph type) and classified them as invasive (n=22) or non invasive (n=18) on the basis of MRI and surgical findings. Then we performed pangenomic analysis based on Agilent Human Whole genome Gene Expression oligonucleotide microarray (44k) Expression in order to identify genes differentially expressed between invasive and non invasive NFPA. Experiements are made in dual color with tumor samples labelled in cyanine 5 and a pool of all tumors labelled in cyanine 3.The expressions of some genes identified by microarray screening were confirmed by real-time quantitative RT-PCR. The selection of genes was made on the basis of Ingenuity networks and degree of upregulation between invasive and non invasive tumors. Moreover, some genes of interest already described in the literature were added to the analysis. Results: Prediction class analysis showed that 346 genes discriminated between invasive and non invasive NFPAs (p<0.001); 233 were up- and 113 were down-regulated between the two groups. We then tested On the basis of Ingenuity networks and degree of upregulation between invasive and non invasive tumors, a set of eight genes, including MYO5A, IGFBP5, FLT3, NFE2L1, PTTG, MMP9, NCAM and NR1H3, was tested in quantitative PCR analysis and. Results confirmed those obtained in microarrays results.analysis. At the protein level, Myosin 5A (MYO5A) demonstrated stronger immunostaining in invasive NFPAs compared to non invasive NFPAs. Conclusions: We propose a molecular signature of eight genes of grossly invasive NFPAs as compared with non invasive tumors: The product of one of these genes, MYO5A, may be a useful marker of invasive process in tumoral specimens. The role of these genes in the invasiveness process and as prognostic markers of pituitary adenomas needs to be confirmedinvestigated. Method: Microarray analyses the transcriptome of 22 invasive Non Functional Pituitary Adenomas (NFPAs) and 18 non invasive NFPAs in dual color (each sample labelled in cyanine 5 and a pool of all tumors labelled in cyanine 3).

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

DISEASE(S): Invasive Pituitary Adenoma,Non Invasive Pituitary Adenoma,Pool Of All Tumors

SUBMITTER: Philippe DESSEN  

PROVIDER: E-TABM-899 | ArrayExpress | 2010-03-18

REPOSITORIES: ArrayExpress

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Publications

Differential gene expression profiles of invasive and non-invasive non-functioning pituitary adenomas based on microarray analysis.

Galland Françoise F   Lacroix Ludovic L   Saulnier Patrick P   Dessen Philippe P   Meduri Geri G   Bernier Michèle M   Gaillard Stéphane S   Guibourdenche Jean J   Fournier Thierry T   Evain-Brion Danièle D   Bidart Jean Michel JM   Chanson Philippe P  

Endocrine-related cancer 20100421 2


Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) may be locally invasive. Markers of invasiveness are needed to guide patient management and particularly the use of adjuvant radiotherapy. To examine whether invasive NFPAs display a specific gene expression profile relative to non-invasive tumors, we selected 40 NFPAs (38 of the gonadotroph type) and classified them as invasive (n=22) or non-invasive (n=18) on the basis of magnetic resonance imaging and surgical findings. We then performed pangenomic a  ...[more]

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