BACKGROUND: Radiation is an effective anti-cancer therapy but leads to severe late radiation toxicity in 5%-10% of patients. Assuming that genetic susceptibility impacts this risk, we hypothesized that the cellular response of normal tissue to X-rays could discriminate patients with and without late radiation toxicity. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Prostate carcinoma patients without evidence of cancer 2 y after curative radiotherapy were recruited in the study. Blood samples of 21 patients with severe ...[more]
Project description:The effects of bovine bile and SDS on transcriptional events were studied by means of genome wide microarrays in Enterococcus faecalis V583. Transcriptional profiles were obtained through time series experiments over periods of 120min for cells treated with bile and the combination of SDS and bile, and 360min. for SDS.
Project description:The effects of NaCl on transcriptional events were studied by means of genome wide microarrays in Enterococcus faecalis V583. Transcriptional profiles were obtained through time series experiments over periods of 60min.
Project description:Differences in gene content between three test strains were first assessed by comparative genomic hybridization using an E. faecalis V583 oligo array and with E. faecalis V583 as a reference strain . Transcriptional profiles of the same three test strains were then obtained through time series experiments over periods of 30min.
Project description:The transcriptional responses of class IIa bacteriocin resistance in 4 mutants of Enterococcus faecalis V583; three spontaneous pediocin PA-1 mutants; MOP1, MOP2 and MOP5 and one delta-mptD mutant called MOM1, studied by microarrays in E. faecalis V583.
Project description:Gene content in various Enterococcus faecalis strains compared to E. faecalis V583. Strains have been compared to the V583 strain by comparative genomic hybridization using genome-wide PCR-based microarrays representing the V583 genome. Genes have been deemed "present" or "divergent" in the various strains.
Project description:This project investigates the changes in proteome profiles that occurred in the same set of S. mutans wild-type and lrgAB mutant samples used in our recently published RNA-seq study. To this end, mass spectrometry-based label-free quantitative proteomics, a technology known to enable comprehensive identification and quantification of complete bacterial proteomes, was adapted to study changes in S. mutans intracellular protein levels in response to aeration, heat, and vancomycin stress. Furthermore, the degree of correlation between S. mutans protein abundance profiles and gene expression changes was determined. Further understanding of these combined “-omics” data at the cellular or molecular level will enhance our knowledge of Cid/Lrg-mediated cellular responses of S. mutans to adverse environments. Furthermore, these “-omics” data will serve as a valuable resource that can be mined to help clarify the role of the S. mutans stress response and physiological activity to its dynamic survival in the oral cavity.
Project description:Trancriptional response of pediocin exposure of V583 and V583 expressing immunity (petAIM), and the transcriptional response of petAIM compared to both V583 and V583 containing the vector pet.
Project description:Sulfur-oxidizing bacteria from the SUP05 clade are abundant in anoxic and oxygenated marine waters that appear to lack reduced sources of sulfur for cell growth. This raises questions about how these chemosynthetic bacteria survive across oxygen and sulfur gradients and how their mode of survival impacts the environment. Here we use growth experiments, proteomics and cryo-electron tomography to show that a SUP05 isolate, Ca. Thioglobus autotrophicus, is several times larger, amorphous in shape and stores considerably more intracellular sulfur when it respires oxygen. We also show that these cells can use diverse sources of reduced organic and inorganic sulfur at submicromolar concentrations. Enhanced cell size, carbon content and metabolic activity of the aerobic phenotype are likely facilitated by a stabilizing surface-layer (S-layer) and an uncharacterized form of FtsZ-less cell division that supports morphological plasticity. The additional sulfur storage provides an energy source that allows cells to continue metabolic activity when exogenous sulfur sources are not available. This metabolic flexibility leads to the production of more organic carbon in the ocean than estimates that are based solely on their anaerobic phenotype.