Chronic soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are associated with effects on systemic immune responses that could be caused by alterations in immune homeostasis. To investigate this, we measured the impact in children of STH infections on cytokine responses and gene expression in unstimulated blood.Sixty children were classified as having chronic, light, or no STH infections. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were cultured in medium for 5 days to measure cytokine accumulation. RNA was isol ...[more]
Project description:To gain insights into the genetic program activated within the distinct vascular and inflammatory transplant microenvironments in Id1/Id3 deficient and WT mice, we performed a series of gene screening experiments using RNA from total graft tissue as well as from myeloid and endothelial (i.e., CD31+ and ISB4+) cells isolated from the grafts at 1 week post-transplantation.
Project description:Sensitivity to temozolomide (TMZ) is restricted to a subset of glioblastoma patients, with the major determinant of resistance a lack of promoter methylation of the gene encoding the DNA methyltransferase MGMT, although other mechanisms are thought to be active. In a genome-wide screen of paediatric and adult glioma cells, we identified a co-ordinated upregulation of HOX gene expression in the MGMT-independent cell line KNS42. As a recent study has proposed a mechanism for this observation whereby transcriptional activation of the HOXA cluster is reversible by a PI3-kinase inhibitor through an epigenetic mechanism involving histone H3K27 trimethylation, we sought to investigate whether this was active in our system. We thus treated KNS42 cells for 24 hours with the dual PI3-kinase / mTOR inhibitor PI-103 at 5x IC50 and carried out gene expression profiling using Illumina HT-12 microarrays.
Project description:We have previously determined the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) to be amplified and overexpressed in paediatric glioblastoma. In order to probe the efficacy and mechanisms of action of various inhibitors of the receptor, we have carried out expression profiling of paediatric glioblastoma cells treated with 5x IC50 of the compounds PPP and NVP-AEW541 over a 24 hour time-course.