BACKGROUND: There are 481 ultra-conserved regions (UCRs) longer than 200 bases in the genomes of human, mouse and rat. These DNA sequences are absolutely conserved and show 100% identity with no insertions or deletions. About half of these UCRs are reported as transcribed and many correspond to long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). METHODS: We used custom microarrays with 962 probes representing sense and antisense sequences for the 481 UCRs to examine their expression across 374 normal samples from 4 ...[more]
Project description:MicroRNA (miRNA) expression profiles for gastric cancers were examined to investigate the miRNA involvement in stomach carcinogenesis. miRNA microarray analysis identified statistical unique profiles, which could discriminate stomach cancers from noncancerous stomach tissues.
Project description:Profiling array: in order to investigate the microRNAs differentially expressed between osteosarcoma and their normal bone counterpart. Specimens were kept at 4 C in RNAlater for up to 1 week, then stored at 80 C. When formal pathologic interpretation of histology from other portions of the biopsy specimen rendered a diagnosis of osteosarcoma, the RNA-preserving tissue specimens were banked and annotated. In preparation for these specific experiments, total RNA was extracted from banked specimens with the TRIzol reagent and method (Invitrogen). Control samples were derived from to-be-discarded bone fragments obtained from similarly consented patients undergoing debridement surgeries for acute, traumatic injuries to the long bones.
Project description:MicroRNA (miRNA) expression profiles for colon cancers were examined to investigate the miRNA involvement in colon carcinogenesis. miRNA microarray analysis identified statistical unique profiles, which could discriminate colon cancers from noncancerous colon tissues.
Project description:MicroRNA (miRNA) expression profiles for prostate cancers were examined to investigate the miRNA involvement in prostate carcinogenesis. miRNA microarray analysis identified statistical unique profiles, which could discriminate prostate cancers from noncancerous prostate tissues.
Project description:Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) carrying NPM1 mutations and cytoplasmic nucleophosmin (NPMc+ AML) accounts for about one-third of adult AML and shows distinct features, including a unique gene expression profile. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs of 19-25 nucleotides in length that have been linked to the development of cancer. Here, we investigated the role of miRNAs in the biology of NPMc+ AML. The miRNA expression was evaluated in 85 adult de novo AML patients characterized for subcellular localization/mutation status of NPM1 and FLT3 mutations using a custom microarray platform. Data were analyzed by using univariate t test within BRB tools. We identified a strong miRNA signature that distinguishes NPMc+ mutated (n = 55) from the cytoplasmic-negative (NPM1 unmutated) cases (n = 30) and includes the up-regulation of miR-10a, miR-10b, several let-7 and miR-29 family members. Many of the down-regulated miRNAs including miR-204 and miR-128a are predicted to target several HOX genes. Indeed, we confirmed that miR-204 targets HOXA10 and MEIS1, suggesting that the HOX up-regulation observed in NPMc+ AML may be due in part by loss of HOX regulators-miRNAs. FLT3-ITD+ samples were characterized by up-regulation of miR-155. Further experiments demonstrated that the up-regulation of miR-155 was independent from FLT3 signaling. Our results identify a unique miRNA signature associated with NPMc+ AML and provide evidence that support a role for miRNAs in the regulation of HOX genes in this leukemia subtype. Moreover, we found that miR-155 was strongly but independently associated with FLT3-ITD mutations.
Project description:MicroRNA (miRNA) expression profiles for lung cancers were examined to investigate the miRNA involvement in lung carcinogenesis. miRNA microarray analysis identified statistical unique profiles, which could discriminate lung cancers from noncancerous lung tissues.
Project description:microRNA-expression profiling according to the Wilms tumor 1 (WT1) single nucleotide polymorphism rs16754 in adult de novo cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia patients <60 years.
Project description:MicroRNAs are short non-coding RNA molecules playing regulatory roles in animals and plants by repressing translation or cleaving RNA transcripts. The specific modulation of several microRNAs has been recently associated to some forms of human cancer, suggesting that these short molecules can represent a new class of genes involved in oncogenesis. In our study, we examined by microarray the global expression levels of 245 microRNAs in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most frequent and malignant of primary brain tumors. The analysis of both glioblastoma tissues and glioblastoma cell lines allowed us to identify a group of microRNAs whose expression is significantly altered in this tumor. The most interesting results came from miR-221, strongly upregulated in glioblastoma and a set of brain-enriched miRNAs, miR-128, miR-181a, miR-181b, miR-181c, which are down-regulated in glioblastoma.
Project description:MicroRNA expression profiles in response to LBH589 were examined in order to identify HDACi-induced alterations in miRNA expression that regulate apoptotic signaling in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.plasia. miRNA microarray analysis identified unique alterations in miRNA profile that could be used to identify new pathways for apoptosis regulation in CLL.