Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

59

Gene expression profiling of total colon in AOM/DSS-treated Myd88 knockout and wild type


ABSTRACT: Inflammation has pleiotropic effects on carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Signaling through the adaptor protein MyD88 promotes carcinogenesis in several chemically induced cancer models. Interestingly, we observed a protective role for MyD88 in the development of AOM/DSS colitis-associated cancer. The inability of Myd88-/- mice to heal ulcers generated upon injury creates an inflammatory environment that increases the frequency of mutations and results in a dramatic increase in adenoma formation and cancer progression. Susceptibility to colitis development and enhanced polyp formation were also observed in Il18-/- mice upon AOM/DSS treatment, suggesting that the phenotype of MyD88 knockouts is in part due to their inability to signal through the IL-18 receptor. This study revealed a previously unknown level of complexity surrounding MyD88 activities downstream of different receptors that differentially impact tissue homeostasis and carcinogenesis. The Myd88 knockout mice were backcrossed to obtain at least 98% congenicity to B6NCr background. As control groups, wild type mice of identical background were used. Ten biological repeats were performed for the treated wild type and Myd88 samples. Six biological repeats were performed for the untreated wild type and Myd88 samples.

REANALYSIS of: E-GEOD-19793

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-19793 | ExpressionAtlas | 2015-09-08

REPOSITORIES: ExpressionAtlas

Dataset's files

Source:
Action DRS
E-GEOD-19793-analysis-methods.tsv Tabular
E-GEOD-19793-atlasExperimentSummary.Rdata Rdata
E-GEOD-19793-configuration.xml Xml
E-GEOD-19793-percentile-ranks.tsv Tabular
E-GEOD-19793.condensed-sdrf.tsv Tabular
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Publications

MyD88-mediated signaling prevents development of adenocarcinomas of the colon: role of interleukin 18.

Salcedo Rosalba R   Worschech Andrea A   Cardone Marco M   Jones Yava Y   Gyulai Zsofia Z   Dai Ren-Ming RM   Wang Ena E   Ma Winnie W   Haines Diana D   O'hUigin Colm C   Marincola Francesco M FM   Trinchieri Giorgio G  

The Journal of experimental medicine 20100712 8


Signaling through the adaptor protein myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) promotes carcinogenesis in several cancer models. In contrast, MyD88 signaling has a protective role in the development of azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) colitis-associated cancer (CAC). The inability of Myd88(-/-) mice to heal ulcers generated upon injury creates an altered inflammatory environment that induces early alterations in expression of genes encoding proinflammatory factors, as well as pat  ...[more]

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