ABSTRACT: Transcription profiling by array of temperature-inducible transgenic Arabidopsis over-expressing RPS4 in EDS1 wild-type, eds1 or rrs1 mutant backgrounds 0, 2, 8, and 24 hours after induction to study RPS4-mediated innate immune response
Project description:We obtained transcriptional profiles of roots from an XVE:PAN transgenic line under the control of the β-estradiol-inducible promoter, at times 0, 6, and 24 hours after induction of PAN expression.
Project description:A transgenic mouse was generated using a CD2-driven transgene containing the cDNA of Ppp2ca to achieve over-expression of PP2Ac in T cells. Naïve CD4 T cells were isolated and lysed at times 0, 6, and 24 hours after stimulation with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28
Project description:RNA-seq was performed in human Ph+ pre-B ALL cells that harbor a deletion of the Ikaros DNA binding domain (Ik6) after doxycycline induction of exogenous expression of wild-type Ikaros (Ik1) or control empty vector over 0, 12, 24 and 48 hours. Biological replicates (n=2) using independent cultures and inductions were performed.
Project description:Mosquitoes possess an innate immune system that is capable of limiting infection by a variety of pathogens, including the Plasmodium spp. parasites responsible for human malaria. The Anopheles immune deficiency (IMD) innate immune signaling pathway confers resistance to Plasmodium falciparum. While some previously identified Anopheles anti-Plasmodium effectors are regulated through signaling by Rel2, the transcription factor of the IMD pathway, many components of this defense system remain uncharacterized. To begin to better understand the regulation of immune effector proteins by the IMD pathway, we used oligonucleotide microarrays and iTRAQ to analyze differences in mRNA and protein expression, respectively, between transgenic An. stephensi mosquitoes exhibiting blood meal-inducible overexpression of an active recombinant Rel2 and their wild-type conspecifics. Numerous genes were differentially regulated at both the mRNA and protein levels following induction of Rel2. While multiple immune genes were up-regulated, a majority of the differentially expressed genes have no known immune function in mosquitoes. Identified sequences were assigned putative functions and gene ontology (GO) terms based on homology to previously annotated A. gambiae gene sequences. Selected up-regulated genes from multiple GO categories were tested for both anti-Plasmodium and anti-bacterial action using RNA interference (RNAi). Based on our experimental findings, we conclude that increased expression of the IMD immune pathway-controlled transcription factor Rel2 affects the expression of numerous genes with diverse functions, suggesting a broader physiological impact of immune activation and possible functional versatility of Rel2. Our study has identified multiple novel anti-Plasmodium effectors. Midguts from midgut-specific transgenic A. stephensi at 6 and 12 hours post-blood meal and fat bodies from fat body-specific transgenic A. stephensi at 12 and 18 hours post-blood meal were compared to wild-type A. stephensi at the same time points. 3 biological replicates and 1 pseudo-replicate per array.
Project description:We treated Populus tremula x alba roots with rhizobial LCOs. We analyzed gene expression by RNA sequencing at seven time-points: 0 hr (control treatment), 15, 30 min, 1, 2, 4, 8, 24 hours over the following 24 hours.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE22768: Systems analysis of the Merck Ad5/HIV vaccine reveals robust induction of a core innate immune gene network: in vivo analysis GSE22769: Systems analysis of the Merck Ad5/HIV vaccine reveals robust induction of a core innate immune gene network: in vitro analysis To better understand how innate immune responses to vaccination can lead to lasting protective immunity, we used a systems approach to define immune signatures in humans over 1 wk following MRKAd5/HIV vaccination that predicted subsequent HIV-specific T-cell responses. Within 24 h, striking increases in peripheral blood mononuclear cell gene expression associated with inflammation, IFN response, and myeloid cell trafficking occurred, and lymphocyte-specific transcripts decreased. These alterations were corroborated by marked serum inflammatory cytokine elevations and egress of circulating lymphocytes. Responses of vaccinees with preexisting adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) neutralizing antibodies were strongly attenuated, suggesting that enhanced HIV acquisition in Ad5-seropositive subgroups in the Step Study may relate to the lack of appropriate innate activation rather than to increased systemic immune activation. Importantly, patterns of chemoattractant cytokine responses at 24 h and alterations in 209 peripheral blood mononuclear cell transcripts at 72 h were predictive of subsequent induction and magnitude of HIV-specific CD8(+) T-cell responses. This systems approach provides a framework to compare innate responses induced by vectors, as shown here by contrasting the more rapid, robust response to MRKAd5/HIV with that to yellow fever vaccine. When applied iteratively, the findings may permit selection of HIV vaccine candidates eliciting innate immune response profiles more likely to drive HIV protective immunity. Refer to individual Series
Project description:In Sparus aurata, seasonal temperature variations outside the normal thermal range, may trigger physiological responses leading to pathologies and death. In the present study two groups of wild sea bream were exposed for 21 days to two temperature regimes: 16 ± 0.3 °C (control group) and 6.8 ± 0.3 °C (cold-exposed group). Samples were collected during the acute phase (0, 6 and 24 hours after temperature drop) and upon chronic exposure (21 days).
Project description:Innate immune memory is the phenomenon whereby innate immune cells such as monocytes or macrophages undergo functional reprogramming after exposure to microbial components such as LPS. We apply an integrated epigenomic approach to characterize the molecular events involved in LPS-induced tolerance in a time dependent manner. ChIP-seq, RNA-seq, WGBS and ATAC-seq data were generated. This analysis identified epigenetic programs in tolerance and trained macrophages, and the potential transcription factors involved.
Time-course in vitro culture of human monocytes. Two innate immune memory states can be induced in culture through an initial exposure of primary human monocytes to either LPS or BG for 24 hours, followed by removal of stimulus and differentiation to macrophages for an additional 5 days. Cells were collected at baseline (day 0), 1 hour, 4 hour, 24 hour and 6 days.