Transcription profiling of duodenum biopsies from patients with celiac disease taken at time of diagnosis or after two years of a gluten free diet
ABSTRACT: Study on the effects of long term, dietary, consumption of gliadin (gluten) in patients with celiac disease. Comparison of expression profiles of biopsies from normalized patients treated with gluten-free diet >2 years (FU-follow-up samples) versus biopsies from patients with active disease (Dx-at diagnosis samples)
Celiac disease (CD) is a complex, immune-mediated intolerance to gliadin that develops in genetically susceptible individuals. Although the main driving force of the disease is an aberrant autoimmune response, several other pathogenic mechanisms, many still unidentified, are also involved. In order to describe at a network level the alterations provoked by a gliadin insult on the intestinal mucosa of patients, we compared the expression profiles of biopsies from 9 active and 9 treated patients ( ...[more]
Project description:Study on the effects of long term, dietary, consumption of gliadin (gluten) in patients with celiac disease. Comparison of expression profiles of biopsies from normalized patients treated with gluten-free diet >2 years (FU-follow-up samples) versus biopsies from patients with active disease (Dx-at diagnosis samples)
Project description:Study of the effects of re-exposure to gliadin of intestinal biopsies from normalized celiac patients (>2 years on gluten free diet). Comparison of the expresson profile in biopsy portions incubated with 10ug/ml gliadin versus without gliadin for 4 hours.
Project description:Kaposi sarcoma is the most common cancer in AIDS patients and is typified by red skin lesions. The disease is caused by the KSHV virus (HHV8) and is recognisable by its distinctive red skin lesions. The lesions are KSHV-infected spindle cells, most commonly the lymphatic endothelial and blood vessel endothelial cells (LEC and BEC), plus surrounding stroma. Here we study the microRNA profiles of the KS lesion biopsies in AIDS patients (including both the cellular and KSHV microRNA). There are (n=3) normal skin biopsies from healthy patients and (n=5) AIDS-KS biopsies. Three of the AIDS-KS biopsies were technically replicated and 2 were single hybridisations.
Project description:We analyzed microRNA profiles in archival FFPE sentinel node biopsy (SNB) from melanoma patients with different outcomes. Tumor-negative SNB (N), and tumor-positive SNB from patients with (PP) or without disease progression at 5 years follow-up (PN) were analyzed. Overall design: This is a pilot study assessing 24 sentinel node biopsies from 24 melanoma patients. Each biological group contains 8 samples.
Project description:Object: to understand Infliximab treatment effect on the molecular expression of tissue at disease site 4mm punch biopsies were performed on involved and uninvolved skin at baseline in 5 Ps patients. A repeat biopsy was performed at week 2 after IFX therapy at a site adjacent to the baseline biopsy of involved skin. Synovial biopsies were performed on the knee of 3 RA and 3 PsA paired-subjects with a Parker Pearson biopsy needle (Dyna Medical, London, Canada) under ultrasound guidance at baseline and repeated on the same knee at week 10
Project description:A focussed microarray chip was constructed specifically for studying basal colonic gene expression in patients with Spondyloarthropathy (SpA) and Crohn's disease (CD) (ref: PMID 16476712). These focus microarrays were used 1) to study common changes in gene expression between SpA and CD, providing early markers in the follow-up study of patients with SpA and particularly these patients that evolve into clinically overt CD; and 2) to identify new candidate genes for CD by integrating gene expression data with genetic information. Keywords: Crohn's Disease, Spondylarthropathy, biopsies Overall design: This experiment was done in a dye-swap design in which all samples of interest were compared to a pooled sample.
Project description:An evaluation of biopsies from patients with in-transit extremity melanoma who have been treated with ADH-1 followed by melphalan in the setting of isolated limb infusion Gene expression profiles were obtained from 28 lesions across 15 patients and evaluated for expression values that correlated with ADH-1 treatment given 4-8hrs prior to melphalan isolated limb infusion Chemotherapy response analysis: complete response - CR; partial response - PR; stable disease - SD; progressive disease - PD; lost to follow-up - LTU/F ADH-1 treatment classification: 'pre' - lesions obtained prior to any treatment with ADH-1; 'post' - lesions obtained just prior to ILI with melphalan after 1 treatment with ADH-1; '2nd' - lesions obtained after a 2nd dose of ADH-1 given 8 days after melphalan ILI
Project description:A focussed microarray chip was constructed specifically for studying basal colonic gene expression in patients with Spondyloarthropathy (SpA) and Crohn's disease (CD) (ref: PMID 16476712). These focus microarrays were used 1) to study common changes in gene expression between SpA and CD, providing early markers in the follow-up study of patients with SpA and particularly these patients that evolve into clinically overt CD; and 2) to identify new candidate genes for CD by integrating gene expression data with genetic information. Keywords: Crohn's Disease, Spondylarthropathy, biopsies This experiment was done in a dye-swap design in which all samples of interest were compared to a pooled sample.
Project description:Sentinel lymph node, the first node draining the primary tumor, is a key component of tumor microenvironment promoting immune tolerance. In melanoma, sentinel node is one of the most important prognostic factors and the most frequent site of regional metastasis. To unravel the immunomodulatory pathways that are triggered by melanoma cells in the draining node that allow tumor spreading, transcriptional profiles associated to disease progression were analyzed in archival sentinel node biopsies (SNB). Gene expression profiles of melanoma-positive and negative SNB selected to maximize the differences in terms of disease stage and course, revealed subgroups correlating with regional node involvement and disease progression within positive biopsies. Transcriptional profiles revealed that genes showing differential expression between tumor-positive SNB with/without disease progression were mainly related to inflammatory response and that were mostly down regulated in patients with poor prognosis. TNFRSF8 encoding CD30 showing up regulation in SNB from patients with progressing disease displayed higher expression by immunohistochemical staining compared to SNB from non progressing patients. Subpopulations of CD30 positive CD4/CD8 double negative and CD4 Foxp3/PD-1 CD147 positive T cells were identified by flow cytometry analysis in metastatic nodes, suggesting a potential role of regulatory and tolerogenic T cells in melanoma progression. Cutaneous melanoma patients undergoing SNB biopsy in 2001-2004 with available 5–year follow-up clinical data were selected. Data relative to 752 cases was extracted, 80% (n= 603) with a negative SNB and 20% (n=149) with SNB positivity for melanoma metastases. The latter underwent regional lymphadenectomy by CLND and 30% (n=44) resulted positive for melanoma metastases at non-sentinel regional lymph nodes while 70% (n=105) resulted negative. Analysis of follow-up data showed that disease recurrence at 5 yrs occurred in 9% SNB negative patients, 14% of the patients with positive SNB resulting negative at CLND, and in 57% of the patients with positive SNB resulting positive at CLND, consistent to the range of previously reported rates (Santinami M 2009, Balch CM 2009). In order to exploit gene expression profiles to unravel molecular modifications occurring in SNB from patients with progressing disease we selected two groups of cases representing the extremes of the survey, i.e. patients positive at CLND (stage IIIB-C) recurring within 5 years follow-up (SNB-PP), and patients negative at CLND (stage IIIA-B) and non-relapsing at 5 years (SNB-PN). In addition, a group of negative SNB patients without disease recurrence at 5 years was selected and analysed for comparison as tumor negative SNB (SNB-N).
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of colon epithelial biopsies from ulcerative colitis patients and healthy control donors. Study aims to survey and analyze variation from disease in different GI regions. Keywords: disease state analysis Overall design: Biopsies from a variety of anatomic locations, from patients of various treatment status or healthy controls.