Project description:Tissue resident memory (Trm) represent a newly described memory T cell population. We have previously characterized a population of Trm that persists within the brain following acute virus infection. Although capable of providing marked protection against a subsequent local challenge, brain Trm do not undergo recall expansion following dissociation from the tissue. Furthermore, these Trm do not depend on the same survival factors as the circulating memory T cell pool as assessed either in vivo or in vitro. To gain greater insight into this population of cells we compared the gene-expression profiles of Trm isolated from the brain to circulating memory T cells isolated from the spleen following an acute virus infection. Trm displayed altered expression of genes involved in chemotaxis, expressed a distinct set of transcription factors and overexpressed several inhibitory receptors. Cumulatively, these data indicates that Trm are a distinct memory T cell population disconnected from the circulating memory T cell pool and displaying a unique molecular signature which likely results in optimal survival and function within their local environment. 13 samples were analyzed: 5 replicates of memory OT-I CD8+.CD103- T cells isolated from the spleen of mice on day 20 p.i. with VSV-OVA. 5 replicates of memory OT-I CD8+CD103+ T cells isolated from the brain of mice on day 20 p.i. with VSV-OVA; and 3 replicates of memory OT-I.CD8+ CD103- T cells isolated from the brain of mice on day 20 p.i. with VSV-OVA
Project description:The transcription factor Inhibitor of DNA binding 2 (Id2) modulates T cell fate decisions but the molecular mechanism underpinning this regulation is unclear. Here, using whole genome mRNA analysis we show that loss of Id2 programs CD8+ T cells to adopt a memory fate with increased Eomesodermin and Tcf7 expression. Our findings reveal that the Id2-E2A axis orchestrates T cell differentiation through the induction or repression of downstream transcription factors essential for effector and memory T cell differentiation. Wild-type and Id2fl/flLckCre+ DbNP366-specific CD8+ T cells were isolated from the spleen of PR8-primed/HKx31-infected Ly5.2+Id2fl/flLckCre+:Ly5.1+ mixed bone marrow chimeric mice ten days after intranasal influenza infection and analysed by whole genome mRNA analysis. Three biological replicates of each genotype were subjected to microarray analysis.
Project description:This study reports the improvement in function and antitumor efficacy of CXCR4 overexpression in therapeutic CD8+ T cells. Polyclonal CD8+ T cells from OT-I C57BL/6 (B6) mice were transduced with a modified pMP71 retroviral vector containing murine Cxcr4 and Gfp reporter sequences (T_CXCR4) or with a control vector containing Gfp alone (T_Control), and co-transferred into to B6 mice that were then vaccinated with peptide-pulsed DC. 90 days following DC vaccination, lymphocytes were isolated from the spleen and resting memory OT-I T_CXCR4 and OT-I T_Control cells were FACS sorted to perform gene expression profiling.
Project description:To examine how the transcriptome of circulating memory CD8 T cells isolated from the spleen are reprogrammed in the lung airways, influenza nucleoprotein-specific CD8 T cells from the spleen were FACS sorted and RNA isolated for RNA-seq or the cells were transferred to the lung airways and allowed to rest for 2 days. Following 2 days, donor influenza nucleoprotein-specific CD8 T cells were FACS sorted and RNA isolated for RNA-seq.. Overall design: C57Bl/6 mice were infected with influenza x31 and rested for 35 days to establish T cell memory. Effector memory (CD44Hi CD62L-) CD8 T cells were isolated from the spleen by cell sorting and transferred intratracheally into naive congenic CD45.1+ mice. 48 hours later, transferred cells were isloated from the airways by bronchoalveolar lavage and purified by sorting on donor (CD45.2+) CD8+ CD44Hi FluNP 366-374 Db tetramer+ populations, and RNA was isolated for downstream analysis.
Project description:NaÃ¯ve CD4+ T cells were isolated from spleen of AND TcR transgenic/green fluorescence protein (GFP) transgenic mice (Kaye et al., Nature 1989;341:746, Wright et al, Blood 2001;97:2278) that recognize a peptide of pigeon cytochrome C in the context of I-Ek and express CD44lo, CD62Lhi, CD45RBhi, and CD25-. After 4 days in vitro stimulation with antigen presenting cells (APC) under either Th1 or Th2 condition, naÃ¯ve cells become Th1 or Th2 effector cells expressing CD44hi, CD62L lo, CD45RBhi, and CD25+. Additional 3 days culture in the absence of APC, those effector cells become rested expressing a phenotype similar to memory cells (CD44 hi, CD62L lo, CD45RB lo and CD25-). These rested effector cells were adaptively transferred into thymectomized, lethally irradiated, and T cell depleted bone marrow reconstituted mice and memory cells were isolated after 4-12 weeks by flow sort. Generation and purification of Th1 and Th2 effector and memory CD4+ T cells of 42 samples.
Project description:Memory T cells provide immunity against pathogen reinvasion, but mechanisms of their long-term maintenance is unclear. Here we show that mice with the deletion of the transcription factor Foxo1 in activated CD8+ T cells had defective secondary but not primary responses to Listeria monocytogenes infection. Compared to short-lived effector T cells, memory precursor effector T cells expressed higher amounts of Foxo1 that promoted their generation and maintenance. Gene expression profiling and chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing experiments revealed the chemokine receptor CCR7 and the transcription factor TCF1 as novel Foxo1-bound target genes with critical functions in memory T cell trafficking and transcriptional regulation. These findings demonstrate that Foxo1 is selectively incorporated into the genetic program that regulates memory but not effector CD8+ T cell responses to infection. Wild-type and GzmB-cre Foxo1fl/fl CD27hiKLRG1lo OT-I T cells were isolated by FACS sorting at 7 days post LM-OVA infection. RNA was prepared with the miRNeasy kit according to the manufacturer’s instructions (Qiagen). RNA amplification, labeling and hybridization to Mouse 430 2.0 Array chips (Affymetrix) were carried out at the Genomics Core Facility of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center.
Project description:Transcription factors that regulate quiescence, proliferation, and homing of lymphocytes are critical for effective immune system function. In the present study, we demonstrated that the transcription factor ELF4 directly activates the tumor suppressor KLF4 downstream of T cell receptor (TCR) signaling to induce cell cycle arrest in naÃ¯ve CD8+ T cells. Elf4- and Klf4-deficient mice accumulated CD8+CD44hi T cells during steady-state conditions and generated more memory T cells after immunization. The homeostatic expansion of CD8+CD44hi T cells in Elf4-null mice resulted in a redistribution of cells to non-lymphoid tissue due to reduced expression of the transcription factor KLF2, and the surface proteins CCR7 and CD62L. This work describes the combinatorial role of lymphocyte-intrinsic factors in the control of T cell homeostasis, activation and homing. Experiment Overall Design: CD8 T cells were purified from spleen of wild type and Elf4-/- mice and CD8 T cells were left untreated or activated in vitro by culturing on anti-CD3 coated plates and anti-CD28 in media (RPMI 10% FBS supplemented with 5% T-stim) for 3.5 days. Experiment Overall Design: RNAs isolated from wild type and Elf4 -/- CD8+ T cells were used in Affimetrix oligonucleotide arrays either untreated or after 3.5 days of activation.
Project description:This is a time course study of differential gene expression in the thymus and spleen of susceptible (Balb/c) and resistant (C57BL/6) mice during experimental Trypanosoma cruzi infection. There is a special interest in the expression of galectins, glycosyltransferases, neuraminidases and chemokines in the gene expression patterns. Mice were infected with 1000 trypomastigotes of T. cruzi strain Y i.p. Organs (thymus and spleen) were removed aseptically at days 0, 7, 14, 21 and 28 post-infection. The time points have been selected as they allow the following of the acute phase of the disease with the peak of parasitemia (between 7 and 14 days), and the chronic phase (more than 21 days post infection). RNA from at least three animals from the same data point was pooled to normalize internal variability. Total RNA was isolated as per recommended protocol and shipped to the Core E site. Samples were hybridized to the GLYCOv3 array.
Project description:Memory B cell responses are more rapid and of greater magnitude than are primary antibody responses. The mechanisms by which these secondary responses are eventually attenuated remain unknown. We demonstrate that the transcription factor ZBTB32 limits the rapidity and duration of antibody recall responses. ZBTB32 is highly expressed by mouse and human memory B cells, but not by their naÃ¯ve counterparts. Zbtb32-/- mice mount normal primary antibody responses to T-dependent antigens. However, Zbtb32-/- memory B cell-mediated recall responses occur more rapidly and persist longer than do control responses. Microarray analyses demonstrate that Zbtb32-/- secondary bone marrow plasma cells display elevated expression of genes that promote cell cycle progression and mitochondrial function relative to wild-type controls. BrdU labeling and adoptive transfer experiments confirm more rapid production and a cell-intrinsic survival advantage of Zbtb32-/- secondary plasma cells relative to wild-type counterparts. ZBTB32 is therefore a novel negative regulator of antibody recall responses. CD45.2 wild type and Zbtb32-/- splenocytes from NP-CGG-immune donors were transferred into CD45.1 recipients and challenged with NP-CGG. CD45.2 donor NP-specific memory B cells were isolated from the spleen 7 days later. 5-6 biological replicates of each genotype were performed.
Project description:Given T-bet is a master regulator for Th1 differentiation that produce IFN-gamma, underlining mechanisms accounted for the distinct GVHD outcomes caused by T-bet- versus IFN-gamma-deficient donor T cells are unclear. We hypothesize that GVHD is regulated by T-bet-dependent but IFN-gamma-independent molecules. To identify these molecules, we isolated donor T cells from spleen cells of the recipients that were transplanted with WT, T-bet-/- or IFN-gamma-/- CD4 T cells for 7 days. The gene profile of isolated T cells was measured by microarray analysis using GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 arrays (Affymetrix) according to the manufacturerM-^Rs instructions. Array images were analyzed and processed by robust multi-array average (RMA) procedure.