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Ankrah2021 - Genome scale metabolic model of Drosophila gut microbe Acetobacter pomorum


ABSTRACT: An important goal for many nutrition-based microbiome studies is to identify the metabolic function of microbes in complex microbial communities and its impact on host physiology. This research can be confounded by poorly-understood effects of community composition and host diet on the metabolic traits of individual taxa. Here, we investigated these multi-way interactions by constructing and analyzing metabolic models comprising every combination of five bacterial members of the Drosophila gut microbiome (from single taxa to the five-member community of Acetobacter and Lactobacillus species) under three nutrient regimes. We show that the metabolic function of Drosophila gut bacteria is dynamic, influenced by community composition and responsive to dietary modulation. Furthermore, we show that ecological interactions such as competition and mutualism identified from the growth patterns of gut bacteria are underlain by a diversity of metabolic interactions, and show that the bacteria tend to compete for amino acids and B vitamins more frequently than for carbon sources. Our results reveal that in addition to fermentation products such as acetate, intermediates of the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle including 2-oxoglutarate and succinate are produced at high flux and cross-fed between bacterial taxa suggesting important roles for TCA cycle intermediates in modulating Drosophila gut microbe interactions and the potential to influence host traits. These metabolic models provide specific predictions of the patterns of ecological and metabolic interactions among gut bacteria under different nutrient regimes, with potentially important consequences for overall community metabolic function and nutritional interactions with the host.

SUBMITTER: Kausthubh Ramachandran  

PROVIDER: MODEL2002040003 | BioModels | 2021-04-06

REPOSITORIES: BioModels

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