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Replication-Timing Boundaries Facilitate Cell-type and Species-specific Regulation of a Rearranged Human Chromosome in Mouse


ABSTRACT: In multicellular organisms, developmental changes to replication timing occur in 400- 800 kb domains across half the genome. While clear examples of epigenetic control of replication timing have been described, a role for DNA sequence in mammalian replication timing has not been substantiated. To assess the role of DNA sequences in directing these changes, we profiled replication timing in mice carrying a genetically rearranged Human Chromosome 21 [Hsa21]. In two distinct mouse cell types, Hsa21 sequences maintained human-specific replication timing, except at points of Hsa21 rearrangement. Changes in replication timing at rearrangements extended up to 900 kb and consistently reconciled with the wild-type replication pattern at developmental boundaries of replication-timing domains. Our results demonstrate DNA sequencedriven regulation of Hsa21 replication timing during development and provide evidence that mammalian chromosomes consist of multiple independent units of replication timing regulation. Profile comparison of fibroblast and T-cell cultures from trans-chromosomic mice and human and mouse controls.

SUBMITTER: Benjamin Pope 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-38472 | BioStudies | 2012-06-04

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE38472

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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