ABSTRACT: Intra-tumour heterogeneity (ITH) foster tumour adaptation and hamper the efficiency of personalised medicine approaches. We investigated the extent of ITH within individual clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCC) by multi-region sampling and copy number analysis. We analyzed 63 tumour regions and 8 normal samples from eight clear cell renal cell carcinomas using Affymetrix SNP6 arrays. All individual tumours were subjected to multi-region sampling and copy-number analysis using Affymetrix SNP6 arrays.
Project description:Intra-tumour heterogeneity (ITH) foster tumour adaptation and hamper the efficiency of personalised medicine approaches. We investigated the extent of ITH within individual clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCC) by multi-region sampling and copy number analysis. We analyzed 63 tumour regions and 8 normal samples from eight clear cell renal cell carcinomas using Affymetrix SNP6 arrays. All individual tumours were subjected to multi-region sampling and copy-number analysis using Affymetrix SNP6 arrays.
Project description:Copy number analysis of Affymetrix GW6.0 SNP/CNV arrays was performed for 7 tumours (4 adrenocortical carcinomas, 2 rhabdomyosarcoma and 1 extra-renal rhabdoid tumour) derived from individuals with germline p53-mutations. Affymetrix CNV/SNP arrays were performed according to the manufacturer's directions on DNA extracted from fresh frozen tumour samples
Project description:SNP6 profiling of papillary carcinoma of the breast Affymetrix SNP6 arrays were performed according ro manufacturer's directions on DNA extracted from 16 papillary carcinomas of the breast.
Project description:DNA copy number alterations and mutations were characterised by bulk SNP anlaysis and exome sequencing (not sown here) in three acute lymphoblastic leukaemia samples and one establish cell line REH. Further single cell experiments of these cases investigated the mutation and copy number targets previously defined exploring the sub-clonal populations and phylogenic trees within each leukaemia. Affymetrix SNP arrays were performed according to the manufacturer's directions on DNA extracted from cryopreserved diagnostic bone marrow or peripheral blood samples. Copy number analysis of Affymetrix SNP6 arrays or Cytogenetics whole genome 2.7M arrays was performed for three leukaemic samples and one established cell line REH. Remission samples were only available for two of the leukaemia samples (Case A and Case B) and therefore 20 HapMap Caucasien samples were used as controls for the SNP6 array expeeriments.
Project description:Genome-wide DNA copy number profiling of gastric tumors and matched non-maligant samples. The affymetrix SNP6 array was used to obtain DNA copy number profiles in 193 gastric tumors and 98 matched gastric non-malignant samples. Genomic DNA extracted from 193 gastric tumors and 98 matched gastric non-malignant (normal) tissues was hybridized on Affymetrix SNP6 genotyping arrays.
Project description:AIMAH is an ACTH-independent bilateral enlargement of the adrenal cortex occuring during adulthood. The enlargment is related to the growth of multiple benign nodules. This condition is associated with various degrees of cortisol hypersecretion. The occurence of several nodules in both adrenals, and the existence of familial forms, suggest the existence of a germline genetic predisposition. To find the gene(s), the aim of the project was to look for recurrent chromosomal alterations in the AIMAH nodules. Extensive mapping of somatic gains, losses and copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (LOH) was performed with Affymetrix SNP6 arrays. A copy neutral LOH of 16p, occuring in 7 of 26 patients, was one of the only recurrent alterations, pointing towards a candidate gene in this region. Of note this condition differs from the congenital adrenal hyperplasias, related to genetic alterations of steroidogenesis (the latter is an ACTH dependent adrenal hyperplasia). Affymetrix SNP6 arrays were performed according to the manufacturer's directions on DNA extracted from cryopreserved tumor samples or peripheral blood samples. Copy number and LOH analysis of Affymetrix SNP6 arrays was performed for AIMAH nodules from 26 patients, including 18 with paired leucocyte and nodules (1 to 4 nodules per patient), and 8 with a single nodule (no paired leucocyte available)
Project description:Medulloblastoma, the most common malignant pediatric brain tumour, disseminates by shedding cells into the cerebrospinal fluid, which then re-implant to cover the surface of the brain and spinal cord. Metastases are a very poor prognostic sign at presentation and are usually lethal at recurrence. Mechanisms driving dissemination have been described in the bulk primary tumour, with the underlying assumption that primary tumour and metastases are biologically similar. Here we show that in both mouse and human medulloblastoma, multiple metastases from a single animal are extremely similar, but are genetically highly divergent from the primary tumour. Clonal genetic events in the metastases can be demonstrated in a restricted sub-clone of the primary tumour, suggesting that only rare cells within the primary tumour have the ability to metastasize. Failure to account for the bicompartmental nature of primary and metastatic medulloblastoma represents a major barrier to the development of effective targeted therapies. Affymetrix SNP arrays were performed according to the manufacturer's directions on DNA extracted from cryopreserved human medulloblastoma tissue samples. Copy number analysis of Affymetrix SNP6 arrays was performed for 17 pediatric medulloblastoma samples. Samples comprise a series of 7 patient-matched primary/metastatic cases.
Project description:Integration of genomic copy number analysis (Affymetrix SNP6.0 arrays) and oncogenic RAS/RAF mutation status with clinical features and tumour progression. This study found that loss of the 9p and the CDKN2A locus with the most significantly enriched copy number aberration distinguishing serous border tumors from low grade serous carcinomas, suggesting this is a key step to tumor progression. Epithelial tissue from 57 serous borderline tumors (SBTs), 19 low grade serous carcinomas (LGSC)(data for 4 of the carcinomas have previously been submitted to GEO - Series GSE19539) and 355 high grade serous carinomas (HGSC)(TCGA, 2011; GSE19539; and 8 new) were analysed for copy number aberrations using Affymetrix SNP6.0 arrays and normalised SNP6.0 data. Stromal tissue from 38 SBT and 1 HGSC were analysed for copy number aberrations using Affymetrix SNP6.0 arrays. Matching lymphocyte DNA was availabe for 54 SBT, 3 LGSC and 1 HGSC. Sanger sequencing of KRAS, BRAF, NRAS, HRAS, ERBB2 and TP53 mutational hotspots was performed on the epithelial and stromal DNA. This information was then correlated with clinical features of the tumors.
Project description:A cell line (MFD-1) was derived from a 55-year old male with oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Using different sources of genetic material from normal and tumour tissue surgically resected, peripheral blood and the derived cell line a high concordance of genotypes calls across the whole genome confirms MFD-1 was derived from parent tumour. The SNP6 array contained 906,000 probes for the genotyping of SNPs and 946,000 probes for the genotyping of non-polymorphic copy number. Affymetrix CEL files were analysed using the tool PICNIC2 (predicting absolute allele copy number variation with microarray cancer data).
Project description:Affymetrix SNP6 profiling of 1087 medulloblastoma samples and 10 medulloblastoma cell lines. Genomic DNA was extracted from primary medulloblastoma samples and medulloblastoma cell lines and hybridized to Affymetrix SNP6 arrays according to the manufacturer's instructions.