Phase I study of Veliparib in combination with Cisplatin and Vinorelbine for patients with advanced triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and/or BRCA mutation-associated breast cancer
ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Preclinically, cisplatin is synergistic with vinorelbine and the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor veliparib, and has anti-neoplastic activity in TNBC and BRCA mutation-associated breast cancer. This phase I study assessed veliparib with cisplatin and vinorelbine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 3+3 dose escalation design evaluated veliparib administered BID for 14 days with cisplatin (75 mg/m2 day 1) and vinorelbine (25 mg/m2 days 1,8) every 21 days, for six to ten cycles, followed by veliparib monotherapy. Pharmacokinetics, measurement of poly(ADP-ribose) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and preliminary efficacy were assessed. Immunohistochemistry and gene expression profiling were performed to evaluate potential predictors of response. Thirty-nine samples were assessed, six samples were run as technical duplicates. Two of the samples had a high rate of missing probes and were excluded during the normalization/pre-processing. Each sample represents a pre- or post-treatment breast cancer specimen from individual patients.
Project description:PURPOSE: Preclinically, cisplatin is synergistic with vinorelbine and the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor veliparib, and has anti-neoplastic activity in TNBC and BRCA mutation-associated breast cancer. This phase I study assessed veliparib with cisplatin and vinorelbine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 3+3 dose escalation design evaluated veliparib administered BID for 14 days with cisplatin (75 mg/m2 day 1) and vinorelbine (25 mg/m2 days 1,8) every 21 days, for six to ten cycles, followed by veliparib monotherapy. Pharmacokinetics, measurement of poly(ADP-ribose) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and preliminary efficacy were assessed. Immunohistochemistry and gene expression profiling were performed to evaluate potential predictors of response. Thirty-nine samples were assessed, six samples were run as technical duplicates. Two of the samples had a high rate of missing probes and were excluded during the normalization/pre-processing. Each sample represents a pre- or post-treatment breast cancer specimen from individual patients.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Veliparib is a potent poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor. This phase 1 study aimed to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of veliparib combined with various FOLFIRI regimens in patients with solid tumours. METHODS:Patients received veliparib (10-270?mg BID, days 1-5, 15-19) and FOLFIRI (days 1-3, 15-17) in three regimens containing 5-fluorouracil 2,400?mg/m2: irinotecan 150?mg/m2 and folinic acid 400?mg/m2 (part 1); irinotecan 180?mg/m2, folinic acid 400?mg/m2, and 5-fluorouracil 400?mg/m2 bolus (part 2), or irinotecan 180?mg/m2 (part 3). The RP2D was further evaluated in safety expansion cohorts. Preliminary antitumour activity was also assessed. RESULTS:Ninety-two patients received ?1 veliparib dose. MTD was not reached; RP2D was set at 200?mg BID veliparib plus FOLFIRI (without 5-fluorouracil bolus). Most common treatment-emergent adverse events were neutropenia (66.3%), diarrhoea, and nausea (60.9% each). Dose-limiting toxicities (n?=?4) were grade 3 gastritis and grade 4 neutropenia and febrile neutropenia. Veliparib exposure was dose-proportional, with no effects on the pharmacokinetics of FOLFIRI components. Fifteen patients had a partial response (objective response rate, 17.6%). CONCLUSIONS:The acceptable safety profile and preliminary antitumour activity of veliparib plus FOLFIRI support further evaluation of this combination.
Project description:A phase I trial of veliparib (ABT-888), an oral poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, and temozolomide (TMZ) was conducted in children with recurrent brain tumors to (i) estimate the maximum tolerated doses (MTDs) or recommended phase II doses (RP2Ds) of veliparib and TMZ; (ii) describe the toxicities of this regimen; and (iii) evaluate the plasma pharmacokinetic parameters and extent of PARP inhibition in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) following veliparib.TMZ was given once daily and veliparib twice daily for 5 days every 28 days. Veliparib concentrations and poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) levels in PBMCs were measured on days 1 and 4. Analysis of pharmacokinetic and PBMC PAR levels were performed twice during study conduct to rationally guide dose modifications and to determine biologically optimal MTD/RP2D.Twenty-nine evaluable patients were enrolled. Myelosuppression (grade 4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia) were dose limiting. The RP2Ds are veliparib 25 mg/m(2) b.i.d. and TMZ 135 mg/m(2)/d. Only 2 out of 12 patients treated at RP2Ds experienced dose-limiting toxicities. Although no objective response was observed, 4 patients had stable disease >6 months in duration, including 1 with glioblastoma multiforme and 1 with ependymoma. At the RP2D of veliparib, pediatric pharmacokinetic parameters were similar to those in adults.Veliparib and TMZ at the RP2D were well tolerated in children with recurrent brain tumors. A phase I/II trial to evaluate the tolerability and efficacy of veliparib, TMZ, and radiation in children with newly diagnosed brainstem gliomas is in progress.
Project description:Poly (ADP) ribose polymerase (PARP) plays a key role in DNA repair and is highly expressed in small cell lung cancer (SCLC). We investigated the therapeutic impact of PARP inhibition in SCLC. In vitro cytotoxicity of veliparib, cisplatin, carboplatin, and etoposide singly and combined was determined by MTS in 9 SCLC cell lines (H69, H128, H146, H526, H187, H209, DMS53, DMS153, and DMS114). Subcutaneous xenografts in athymic nu/nu mice of H146 and H128 cells with relatively high and low platinum sensitivity, respectively, were employed for in vivo testing. Mechanisms of differential sensitivity of SCLC cell lines to PARP inhibition were investigated by comparing protein and gene expression profiles of the platinum sensitive and the less sensitive cell lines. Veliparib showed limited single-agent cytotoxicity but selectively potentiated (? 50% reduction in IC50 ) cisplatin, carboplatin, and etoposide in vitro in five of nine SCLC cell lines. Veliparib with cisplatin or etoposide or with both cisplatin and etoposide showed greater delay in tumor growth than chemotherapy alone in H146 but not H128 xenografts. The potentiating effect of veliparib was associated with in vitro cell line sensitivity to cisplatin (CC = 0.672; P = 0.048) and DNA-PKcs protein modulation. Gene expression profiling identified differential expression of a 5-gene panel (GLS, UBEC2, HACL1, MSI2, and LOC100129585) in cell lines with relatively greater sensitivity to platinum and veliparib combination. Veliparib potentiates standard cytotoxic agents against SCLC in a cell-specific manner. This potentiation correlates with platinum sensitivity, DNA-PKcs expression and a 5-gene expression profile.
Project description:PURPOSE:Veliparib, a poly (ADP ribose) polymerase inhibitor, potentiated standard chemotherapy against small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) in preclinical studies. We evaluated the combination of veliparib with cisplatin and etoposide (CE; CE+V) doublet in untreated, extensive-stage SCLC (ES-SCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS:Patients with ES-SCLC, stratified by sex and serum lactate dehydrogenase levels, were randomly assigned to receive four 3-week cycles of CE (75 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1 and 100 mg/m2 on days 1 through 3) along with veliparib (100 mg orally twice per day on days 1 through 7) or placebo (CE+P). The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Using an overall one-sided 0.10-level log-rank test, the study had 88% power to demonstrate a 37.5% reduction in the PFS hazard rate. RESULTS:A total of 128 eligible patients received treatment on protocol. The median age was 66 years, 52% of patients were men, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status was 0 for 29% of patients and 1 for 71%. The respective median PFS for the CE+V arm versus the CE+P arm was 6.1 versus 5.5 months (unstratified hazard ratio [HR], 0.75 [one-sided P = .06]; stratified HR, 0.63 [one-sided P = .01]), favoring CE+V. The median overall survival was 10.3 versus 8.9 months (stratified HR, 0.83; 80% CI, 0.64 to 1.07; one-sided P = .17) for the CE+V and CE+P arms, respectively. The overall response rate was 71.9% versus 65.6% (two-sided P = .57) for CE+V and CE+P, respectively. There was a significant treatment-by-strata interaction in PFS: Male patients with high lactate dehydrogenase levels derived significant benefit (PFS HR, 0.34; 80% CI, 0.22 to 0.51) but there was no evidence of benefit among patients in other strata (PFS HR, 0.81; 80% CI, 0.60 to 1.09). The following grade ? 3 hematology toxicities were more frequent in the CE+V arm than the CE+P arm: CD4 lymphopenia (8% v 0%; P = .06) and neutropenia (49% v 32%; P = .08), but treatment delivery was comparable. CONCLUSION:The addition of veliparib to frontline chemotherapy showed signal of efficacy in patients with ES-SCLC and the study met its prespecified end point.
Project description:Concomitant platinum-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy (CT-RT) is the recommended treatment for unresectable locally advanced stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We conducted a phase II study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fractionated oral vinorelbine with cisplatin as induction CT followed by CT-RT.Patients with stage III NSCLC received 2 induction cycles of intravenous vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 and cisplatin 80 mg/m2 on day 1 and oral vinorelbine 60 mg/m2 on day 8. Responding patients received 2 more cycles of cisplatin 80 mg/m2 on day 1 and oral vinorelbine 20 mg on days 1, 3 and 5 concomitantly with radiotherapy 2 Gy daily, 5 days/week for a total of 66 Gy.Seventy patients, median age 61 years, were enrolled. Overall response rate (ORR) was 50.0%; Disease Control Rate was 81.42%. Median PFS was 14.58 months [95% CI, 10.97-18.75]. Median OS was 17.08 months [95% CI, 13.57-29.57]. One-year and 2-year survival rates were 68.6% [95% CI, 57.7-79.4] and 37%. One patient had a grade 3 pulmonary radiation injury and 26.5% had graded 1/2 esophagitis.In non-operable IIIA-IIIB NSCLC, the combination oral vinorelbine (fractionated fixed dose) plus cisplatin, during concomitant CT-RT, could offer a well-tolerated option, with comparable activity to I.V. vinorelbine-based chemoradiotherapy regimens.ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01839032.
Project description:Veliparib is an orally administered poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor that is being studied in Phase I-III clinical trials, including Phase III studies in non-small-cell lung cancer, ovarian cancer and breast cancer. Tumor cells with deleterious BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations are deficient in homologous recombination DNA repair and are intrinsically sensitive to platinum therapy and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors. We describe herein the design and rationale of a Phase II trial investigating whether the addition of veliparib to temozolomide or carboplatin/paclitaxel provides clinical benefit over carboplatin/paclitaxel with placebo in patients with locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer harboring a deleterious BRCA1 or BRCA2 germline mutation (Trial registration: EudraCT 2011-002913-12, NCT01506609).