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The impact of long term cigarette smoke, but not Tobacco Heating System 2.2 exposure on the genes involved in cardiac muscle structure and function in Apoe-/- mouse.


ABSTRACT: Cigarette smoking is a major risk factor for the development and progression of diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Modified risk tobacco products (MRTP) are designed to reduce smoking-related health risks. Suitable animal models are important for understanding smoke-induced pathogenesis. Over an 8-month period, hallmarks of CVD were investigated in ApoE?/? mice exposed to conventional cigarette smoke (CS) or to an aerosol from a candidate RRP, the tobacco heating system (THS2.2). In addition to chronic exposure, cessation or switching to THS2.2 after 2 months of CS were investigated.? The aim of this study was to evaluate the transcriptomics response of mouse heart tissue after exposure to 3R4F and a potential reduced risk tobacco product, Tobacco Heating System 2.2 (THS2.2). The transcriptomic analysis of heart tissue, showed that cigarette smoke strongly impacted the differential expression of genes at long term of smoke exposure at 6 and 8 month, whereas the new THS2.2 not burning product don?t present any significant impact on the genes expression on cardiovascular tissue. In a similar manner, cessation and switching exposure don?t present any significant regulation of genes. Functional analysis of differentially expressed genes shown that 3R4F exposure strongly regulate the cytoskeleton organization and contraction and shown a down regulation of actin, actinin alpha 4, the main component of sarcomere structure. These preliminary results suggest that the conventional smoking product may favours the development of cardiomyopathy via a direct impact of the cardiomyocytes structure and that the inflammatory process could also be affected by the smoke exposure and could be responsible for the non-adaptive response of heart to a stress.

SUBMITTER: Vincenzo Belcastro 

PROVIDER: E-MTAB-3900 | BioStudies | 2017-02-27

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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