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The relA/spoT-homologous gene in Streptomyces coelicolor encodes both ribosome-dependent (p)ppGpp-synthesizing and -degrading activities.

ABSTRACT: Streptomyces coelicolor (p)ppGpp synthetase (Rel protein) belongs to the RelA and SpoT (RelA/SpoT) family, which is involved in (p)ppGpp metabolism and the stringent response. The potential functions of the rel gene have been examined. S. coelicolor Rel has been shown to be ribosome associated, and its activity in vitro is ribosome dependent. Analysis in vivo of the active recombinant protein in well-defined Escherichia coli relA and relA/spoT mutants provides evidence that S. coelicolor Rel, like native E. coli RelA, is functionally ribosome associated, resulting in ribosome-dependent (p)ppGpp accumulation upon amino acid deprivation. Expression of an S. coelicolor C-terminally deleted Rel, comprised of only the first 489 amino acids, catalyzes a ribosome-independent (p)ppGpp formation, in the same manner as the E. coli truncated RelA protein (1 to 455 amino acids). An E. coli relA spoT double deletion mutant transformed with S. coelicolor rel gene suppresses the phenotype associated with (p)ppGpp deficiency. However, in such a strain, a rel-mediated (p)ppGpp response apparently occurs after glucose depletion, but only in the absence of amino acids. Analysis of ppGpp decay in E. coli expressing the S. coelicolor rel gene suggests that it also encodes a (p)ppGpp-degrading activity. By deletion analysis, the catalytic domains of S. coelicolor Rel for (p)ppGpp synthesis and degradation have been located within its N terminus (amino acids 267 to 453 and 93 to 397, respectively). In addition, E. coli relA in an S. coelicolor rel deletion mutant restores actinorhodine production and shows a nearly normal morphological differentiation, as does the wild-type rel gene, which is in agreement with the proposed role of (p)ppGpp nucleotides in antibiotic biosynthesis.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC107407 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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