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Induction of C-reactive protein by cytokines in human hepatoma cell lines is potentiated by caffeine.


ABSTRACT: Induction of C-reactive protein (CRP) by conditioned medium from lipopolysaccharide-stimulated human monocytes in two human hepatoma-cell lines, Hep 3B and NPLC/PRF/5, was potentiated 3-6-fold by the methylxanthine caffeine. The induction observed in the presence of conditioned medium plus caffeine was as much as 180-fold, comparable with that seen after many stimuli in vivo. This potentiation was accompanied by an increase in the levels of CRP mRNA. By contrast, no potentiating effect on CRP induction by conditioned medium was found when we tested theophylline, forskolin, 8-bromo cyclic AMP or two Ca2+ ionophores, namely ionomycin and A23187. None of the above compounds, including caffeine, when tested alone, had any detectable effect on the synthesis and secretion of CRP. Our previous study [Ganapathi, May, Schultz, Brabenec, Weinstein, Sehgal & Kushner (1988) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 157, 271-277], employing defined cytokines, had shown that induction of CRP in Hep 3B cells requires IL(interleukin)-6 plus IL-1, whereas, in the NPLC/PRF/5 cell line, IL-6 alone is effective. Caffeine similarly potentiated induction of CRP by these defined cytokine signals in these two cell lines. Changes in synthesis of other acute-phase proteins, including serum amyloid A (SAA), alpha 1-proteinase inhibitor, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin and albumin, induced by conditioned medium or, in some cases, by IL-6 and/or IL-1 alpha, were only minimally affected by caffeine. Thus these results indicate that the mechanism by which caffeine potentiates CRP induction by cytokines appears to be independent of increases in intracellular concentrations of the two second messengers, cyclic AMP and Ca2+; the precise nature of this mechanism is unclear at the present time. Our results also indicate that the intracellular mechanisms by which cytokines regulate synthesis of CRP may differ from those regulating synthesis of some other acute-phase proteins. The differential response of CRP and SAA to caffeine is of particular interest, since induction of both of these two major acute-phase proteins can be accomplished by identical extracellular signals.

SUBMITTER: Ganapathi MK 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1131528 | BioStudies | 1990-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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