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Studies on the electron-transfer mechanism of the human neutrophil NADPH oxidase.


ABSTRACT: A superoxide-generating NADPH oxidase was solubilized from phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-activated human neutrophils with a mixture of sodium deoxycholate (0.125%, w/v) and Lubrol-PX (0.125%, v/v). The solubilized preparation contained FAD (577 pmol/mg of protein) and cytochrome b-245 (479 pmol/mg of protein) and produced 11.61 mol of O2-./s per mol of cytochrome b (340 nmol of O2-./min per mg of protein). On addition of NADPH, the cytochrome b-245 was reduced by 7.9% and the FAD by 38% in the aerobic steady state; NADH addition caused little steady-state reduction of cytochrome b and FAD. In this preparation, and several others, the measured rate of O2-. production correlated with the turnover of cytochrome b calculated from the extent of cytochrome b-245 reduction under aerobic conditions. Addition of diphenyleneiodonium abolished the reduction of both the FAD and cytochrome b-245 components and inhibited O2-. production. The haem ligand imidazole inhibited O2-. generation and cytochrome b reduction while permitting FAD reduction. These results support the suggestion that the human neutrophil NADPH oxidase has the electron-transport sequence: NADPH----FAD----cytochrome b-245----O2.

SUBMITTER: Ellis JA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1133307 | BioStudies | 1989-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj2620575

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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