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Diurnal patterns of cardiac and hepatic pyruvate dehydrogenase complex activity in gold-thioglucose-obese mice.

ABSTRACT: The diurnal pattern of the activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) was studied in the heart and liver of gold-thioglucose (GTG)-obese mice and age-matched controls. The diurnal pattern of lipogenesis was also measured in the liver. Both lean and obese mice had one main eating period, from 20:00 to 24:00 h. Eating produced no change in serum glucose of control mice but there was a significant rise in serum insulin and triacylglycerols. There was also a 3-fold increase in cardiac PDHC activity and a 3-fold increase in hepatic lipogenesis in the control mice, but little change in hepatic PDHC activity. GTG-obese mice were hyperglycaemic, hyperinsulinaemic and hypertriglyceridaemic at all times studied, with significant increases in these parameters being seen in response to eating. Eating produced little change in cardiac PDHC activity, but there was a 5-fold increase in hepatic PDHC activity, paralleled by a 10-fold increase in hepatic lipogenesis. Hepatic PDHC activity was significantly higher in GTG-obese mice at all times except 16:00 h. The simultaneous rise of hepatic PDHC activity, lipogenesis and serum triacylglycerols in GTG-obese mice suggests an increased utilization of glucose for lipogenesis. The lack of change in heart PDHC activity in GTG-obese mice over 24 h suggests that a general decrease in PDHC activity may contribute to the development of the glucose intolerance and insulin resistance of obesity and non-insulin-dependent diabetes. However, it appears that a different level of metabolic control allows hepatic PDHC activity of the same obese animals to increase in response to hyperinsulinaemia and contribute to the higher rates of lipogenesis seen in obese mice.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1134621 | BioStudies | 1993-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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