Dataset Information


Action of guanosine 5'-[beta-thio]diphosphate on thrombin-induced activation and Ca2+ mobilization in saponin-permeabilized and intact human platelets.

ABSTRACT: The non-hydrolysable guanine analogues guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate (GTP[S]) and guanosine 5'-[beta-thio]diphosphate (GDP[S]) have been used extensively (as promoters and inhibitors respectively) to probe the importance of G-protein function. We report on the use of GDP[S] in permeabilized and intact platelets. The stimulatory analogue GTP[S] (9-60 microM) induces shape change, aggregation and 5-hydroxy[14C]-tryptamine secretion when added to saponin (12-14 micrograms/ml)-permeabilized platelets, but not to intact platelets. In line with the activation responses in permeabilized cells, GTP[S] induces an increase in [32P]-phosphatidic acid, which is indicative of phospholipase C activity. GDP[S] (greater than 400 microM) totally inhibits GTP[S] (90 microM)-stimulated phospholipase C activity and functional responses in saponized platelets. GDP[S] (1 mM) was also effective at inhibiting low-dose thrombin (0.1 unit/ml)-induced aggregation and secretion responses (without affecting shape change) in permeabilized platelets with inhibition of [32P]-phosphatidic acid formation. At higher doses of thrombin (greater than 0.5 unit/ml), both functional responses and [32P]phosphatidic acid formation are restored in the presence of GDP[S]. Studies on intact cells revealed that GDP[S] was as effective at inhibiting low-dose thrombin-induced functional responses as in the permeabilized cells, but there was no inhibition of [32P]phosphatidic acid formation, indicating that the agent is nonmembrane-penetrating. This reflected the fact that GDP[S] has additional inhibitory sites on the surface of platelets. In Fura-2-loaded cells GDP[S] inhibited thrombin-induced Ca2+ mobilization, as measured by Fura-2 fluorescence, in a dose-dependent manner. In studies with and without Ca2+ present on the outside, the effect of GDP[S] was to block Ca2+ influx. These studies indicate that, although GDP[S] is a valuable tool in studying G-protein function in permeabilized cells, it also has inhibitory activities on the surface of platelets, and one of these has been identified as an effect on the Ca2+-influx channel after agonist stimulation.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1135324 | BioStudies | 1988-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

1992-01-01 | S-EPMC1130708 | BioStudies
1992-01-01 | S-EPMC1132918 | BioStudies
1988-01-01 | S-EPMC1148834 | BioStudies
1987-01-01 | S-EPMC1148081 | BioStudies
1997-01-01 | S-EPMC1218881 | BioStudies
1984-01-01 | S-EPMC1144186 | BioStudies
1991-01-01 | S-EPMC1151209 | BioStudies
1993-01-01 | S-EPMC1134574 | BioStudies
1996-01-01 | S-EPMC1217014 | BioStudies
1987-01-01 | S-EPMC1147675 | BioStudies