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Identification of a surface membrane proton-translocating ATPase in promastigotes of the parasitic protozoan Leishmania donovani.

ABSTRACT: ATPase activities were measured in surface membranes and mitochondria isolated from promastigotes of the parasitic protozoan Leishmania donovani. The two enzymes were differentiated on the basis of pH optima, inhibitor sensitivity and by immunochemical methods. The surface-membrane (SM-) ATPase had an activity of 100 nmol/min per mg of protein, which was optimal at pH 6.5. The enzyme was Mg2+-dependent, partially inhibited by Ca2+, and unaffected by Na+ or K+. The SM-ATPase was inhibited by orthovanadate, NN'-dicyclohexylcarbodi-imide, and N-ethylmaleimide [IC50 (concentration causing half-maximal inhibition) 7.5, 25 and 520 microM respectively]; however, it was unaffected by ouabain, azide or oligomycin. The SM-ATPase demonstrated a Km of 1.05 mM and a Vmax. of 225 nmol/min per mg of protein. Moreover, fine-structure cytochemical results demonstrated that the SM-ATPase was localized to the cytoplasmic lamina of the parasite SM. A method was devised for the isolation of SM-derived vesicles. These were used to demonstrate the proton-pumping capacity of the SM-ATPase. Cumulatively, these results constitute the first demonstration of a surface-membrane proton-translocating ATPase in a parasitic protozoan.

SUBMITTER: Zilberstein D 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC1135361 | BioStudies | 1988-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.1042/bj2560013

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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